Tag: "immune" at medical news
Researchers close in on breast cancer vaccine
...r in St. Louis. Cancer-fighting vaccines stimulate immune
cells to recognize tumor cells as foreign and destroy them. Physicians believe a vaccine-induced immune
response could be used to supplement other cancer therapies or to immunize high-risk people against ...
Depression predicts heart rhythm abnormalities in heart attack patients
...at depression has been linked to activation of the immune
system, as well as alteration of the aggregation properties of blood platelets. Depression has also been linked to other such cardiovascular risk factors as insulin resistance, hypertension, obesity, increased cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse and phy...
'Smart' immune cells kill more cancer
...fight off cancer, researchers have found that some immune
cells are "smarter" than others. Working with col...ult to design cancer therapies that get the body's immune
system to recognize and kill cancer cells that the system has ignored for a long time," says Ivan Bo...
US cancer researchers launch first American-Israeli cancer conference
... used in a variety of cell processes including the immune
system, cell division, and DNA repair. Errors in t...cer genetics; cell signaling at the DNA/RNA level; immune
system therapies; targeted treatments; novel approaches to breast cancer and solid tumors; and stem ...
Chemists synthesize molecule that helps body battle cancers, malaria
...has been shown to significantly improve the body's immune
response in vaccine therapies against aggressive d...cy of antigens introduced in the body to elicit an immune
response, allowing for lower vaccine doses with greater effectiveness. The molecule could therefore ...
Dual testing better for monitoring new cases of HIV
...es the strength of antibody-antigen binding in the immune
system's response to HIV infection. An immature response from a new infection produces weak binding, whereas a mature infection involves strong binding. In a cross-sectional study of more than 1,500 patients showing up in the Hopkins Emergency Depa...
Protein that promotes survival of stem cells might be key to poor leukemia prognosis
... able to generate more specific cells, such as the immune
cells known as B and T lymphocytes. In the Science study, Opferman's team genetically modified mice so that the gene for Mcl-1 could be specifically deleted from the genome of HSCs and progenitor cells. Upon genetic deletion, these mice developed ...
Marijuana ingredient may stall decline from Alzheimer's
...felt and at microglia, which activate the brain's immune
response. Micro- glia collect near plaques and, wh...e of amyloid protein in the rats' brains activated immune
cells. Rats that received the control protein alone or cannabinoid and a control protein did not sho...
Investigational transplant drug effectively preserves kidneys while avoiding toxic side effects
...al organ rejection by effectively blocking certain immune
system pathways that are activated when the body d...ion, long-term cyclosporine use damages the body's immune
system and prevents it from fighting off other infections following transplant. "For the pas...
Can routine commercial cord blood banking be scientifically and ethically justified?
...ne marrow for treating diseases such as cancer and immune
disorders - the cord blood is given to siblings or unrelated recipients. Many women altruistically choose to donate cord blood for unrelated recipients to public banks. However, private banks are now open that offer expectant parents the option to pa...
Lack of specific collagen type leads to osteoarthritis
...itis, rheumatoid arthritis, occurs when the body's immune
system attacks the linings of joints. Guilak currently leads of group of clinicians and investigators from Duke and the Durham VA Medical Center who are carrying out a broad range of basic and clinical research into better understanding and treating ...
Air pollution thickens the blood
...inflammatory and blood clotting responses of human immune
cell (macrophages) and umbilical cord and lung cel...n almost all the cell types. The rate of death in immune
cells also significantly increased, and exposure to the pollutants boosted inflammatory activity. Th...
Vaccine may complement conventional treatment for chronic leukaemia
A vaccine that boosts the immune
response could improve the effect of conventional treatment for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), suggest early results of a trial published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. CML is caused by the breakage and swapping of chromosomes 9...
'EuroVacc 02' HIV vaccine trial begins in February 2005
...eir ability to generate HIV-specific cell-mediated immune
response to HIV, which is considered to be a key determinant of protection against infection. According to the principal clinical investigators Prof. Giuseppe Pantaleo of CHUV in Lausanne and Prof. Jonathan Weber of Imperial College London for the cl...
Uric acid may help reduce effects of spinal cord injury, Jefferson researchers find
... particularly important to learning how to control immune
responses in the central nervous systems of both in mice and humans. "We're looking at various models to distinguish between peroxynitrite pathology and its effects on blood-brain barrier function," he says. "We want to establish the precise timing ...
Leukemia drug breakthrough study in New England Journal of Medicine
...rish tumors (anti-angiogenesis) and stimulates the immune
system to fight cancer cells. The study is reported in the Feb.10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Nearly 90 percent of MDS patients are anemic and require regular transfusions of red cells. In this study, 91 percent of the MDS patients ...
Routine HIV screening should be expanded, study finds
... screening for HIV, the virus that causes acquired immune
deficiency syndrome (AIDS), should be expanded well beyond current guidelines to include health care settings where the incidence of the virus would be expected to be low. These include such settings as outpatient clinics, urgent care clinics or emer...
Abandoned bones suggest TB wiped out leprosy in battle of killer diseases
...gest a different explanation. "A weakening of the immune
system following infection by leprosy, coupled with the stress, poverty and malnutrition associated with the social isolation and stigma of living with the disease, could have paved the way for opportunistic co-infection by TB which brought a speedie...
HIV-infected parents report limiting physical contact with their children
...stic infections (occurring in people with weakened immune
systems), a fear of infection may affect parent-child interactions. Mark A. Schuster, M.D., Ph.D., from RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif., and colleagues conducted interviews with 344 parents receiving health care for HIV in the U.S. Partic...
Effects of autism reach beyond language, new research suggests
...------------------------- "We already know how the immune
and endocrine systems of healthy medical students ... Neuroscience conference. "We already know how the immune
and endocrine systems of healthy medical students react to stress, along with how students respond b...
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