Tag: "impairment" at medical news
Depression linked to insomnia in HIV patients
...IDS and those who have suffered some kind of brain impairment
as a result of the disease are also more likely to suffer from insomnia, the reviewers conclude in the current issue of Psychosomatic Medicine. "The studies reviewed here illustrate that although insomnia is a frequent complaint in people living with...
Treating depression helps slow physical decline in older adults, study shows
...th depression report persistent greater functional impairment
than those without depression. "This study is important for two reasons," said Christopher Callahan, M.D., Cornelius W. and Yvonne Pettinga Professor in Aging Research at the IU School of Medicine. "First, it shows that even older adults with failin...
Neurobehavioral function during coma, stroke rehabilitation effective for elderly
...evaluated at five weeks post stroke for upper-limb impairment
and activity limitation. Over the first five weeks...ment in upper- and lower-limb function. Upper-limb impairment
measured at one week post stroke was the most important predictor of function five weeks post stroke...
Common schizophrenia symptoms often overlooked by physicians, according to expert panel
...ptoms). Yet "dealing with affective and cognitive impairment
has not yet become prominent on the clinical horiz... the debilitating effects of depression, cognitive impairment
and other aspects of the disease that dramatically impact the quality of life for people with schizo...
Celecoxib safe for short-term use in patients with cirrhosis
...f the drugs in question to prevent any significant impairment
in kidney function. As a result, the study does not offer information about the safety of these drugs when administered for long-term therapeutic purposes. "In summary," say the authors, "the current study indicates that naproxen, but not celecoxib...
Alcohol's damaging effects on adolescent brain function
...lying problems in emotional reactivity and related impairment
in frontal limbic processes. This underlying dysfunction in central processes serving emotional reactivity, seen as poor self control, impaired decision making, and poor behavioral regulation, may in part explain why kids with conduct problems are e...
Optimal treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome
...in in the wrist area and self-perceived functional impairment
were similar. "This is the first randomized controlled clinical trial comparing the two most common therapies for CTS," notes one of its authors, Dr. Domingo Ly-Pen. "Our findings suggest...
Cell phone users drive like old folks
...people performing multiple tasks suffer additional impairment
due to aging. The study found that drivers who talked on cell phones regardless of whether they were young or old were 18 percent slower in hitting their brakes than drivers who didn't use cell phones. The drivers chatting on cell phones also had...
Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents
New Haven, Conn.--Adolescents who smoke show impairment
of memory and other cognitive functions, according to a Yale study in Biological Psychiatry. More than 4.5 million teenagers smoke cigarettes in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and the U.S. Census Bureau. Leslie Jacob...
Auditory screening for newborns can be successful, UT Southwestern researchers report
...ospital. Parents of babies who still show signs of impairment
are instructed to bring them back to Parkland as outpatients to be retested 10 to 12 days after discharge. Only those who do not pass again are referred for diagnostic evaluation. "Newborns may not pass the initial hearing screening for a variety of...
January/February Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...ly increased the number of days free of depression impairment
for two years when compared to usual care (623 days vs. 527 days). The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for enhanced care ranged from $5,054 to $8,073 per quality-adjusted life year. In their analysis, the authors point out that incremental qual...
New method to fix cleft palate shows promise in Mayo Clinic lab study
...th the child's later midfacial growth. This growth impairment
can lead not only to a poor cosmetic appearance, but also can lead to poor contact between lower and upper teeth when the child's mouth is closed. The lack of actual bony repair of the cleft, in addition to the tension placed on the mucosal flaps on ...
Moderate alcohol intake may reduce risk of dementia in older women
...function, and other tests to detect mild cognitive impairment
and probable dementia. Dementia occurs when memory, judgment and thinking ability decline substantially to the point of interfering with basic day-to-day activities. "There are a number of reasons one might expect moderate alcohol intake to be bene...
Study shows strengths, gaps in quality of care for kids in California's public mental health clinics
... of the children had moderate to severe functional impairment
(or moderate to severe problems in functioning); One out of every five children had at least one parent who had been incarcerated; Almost 30 percent of children were reported to be victims of abuse or neglect; One-half of the children had at least...
Discovery of pathway in learning impairment caused by liver disease may lead to drug treatment
...rain damage, personality changes, and intellectual impairment
due to hyperammonemia (high levels of ammonia in t...h learning and how liver disease leads to learning impairment
are unclear. In a new study led by Vicente Felipo of the Laboratory of Neurobiology at the Fundacion...
Exposed: Tobacco industrys' efforts to cast doubt
...ndustry in order to minimise the potential for any impairment
of the integrity of the scientific process." (Quote by e-mail; does not appear in published paper)...
First new treatment for alcoholism in ten years, now available Campral(R) (acamprosate calcium)
...l is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment
(creatinine clearance less than or equal to 30 mL/...s a dose reduction in patients with moderate renal impairment
(creatinine clearance of 30-50 mL/min). (1) The recommended dose of Campral is two 333 mg tablets...
Workers with carpal tunnel find relief with night-time splinting
... common work-related disorder and a major cause of impairment
and disability in the workplace, the use of initial medical treatment protocols for the disorder wrist splints, modification of hand activity, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, diuretics and steroid injections have widely varied across th...
Outlook is bleak for the smallest premature babies: 80 percent have impairment
..., 2005 -- Death or severe cognitive and neuromotor impairment
are common outcomes among extremely premature infa...ely premature group have severe or moderate mental impairment
at six years of age, compared to only 2 percent of a comparison group of classmates born full term. ...
Anti-psychotic drugs may be associated with increased risk of diabetes in schizophrenia patients
...roups displayed significant insulin resistance and impairment
of glucose effectiveness compared with risperidone-treated subjects," the researchers found. In conclusion the authors write: "Psychiatrists and primary care professionals should be aware that patients treated with clozapine and olanzapine may...
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