Tag: "incentives" at medical news

Public morally obliged to take part in scientific research, says leading ethicist

...esearch be another such case," he asks? Financial incentives to participate in research are fully justified and preferable to compulsion, he argues. Everyone in society stands to benefit from research, and indeed has already benefited, so it should be economically, politically, and personally supported, he say...

Professionalism and professional ethics in medicine

... response to information about physician financial incentives to limit ordering of expensive tests and procedures. Nearly half of the respondents had heard of this type of financial incentive and nearly all, 94.8 percent, felt they should be informed about incentives. Most (80.5 percent) felt they should be tol...

Flu pandemic coming, US not prepared

...States is not dependent on foreign suppliers. Tax incentives and patent extensions should be available for companies that research and develop new anti-flu therapies. Strengthen federal agencies' responses. The Food and Drug Administration should "fast-track" vaccine and antiviral review, and streamline regul...

Health care report cards may increase racial/ethnic disparities in bypass operations

...lity providers and giving providers benchmarks and incentives to improve the quality of care they provide. Recent evidence suggests that after CABG report cards were released, surgeons began to avoid patients they perceived as being high-risk. "In our study we found that health care report cards, as they are...

Insurance incentives might help smokers quit, study says

...vidence from six high-quality studies of financial incentives directed at smokers and one study that looked at the effects of incentives paid to clinics that actively identified smokers and documented advice to quit. Incentives such as f...

Researchers track program's success in curbing aggressive behavior

...mmates to follow class rules and are rewarded with incentives like a little extra time at recess or verbal praise from the teacher. Rather than separating children who are disruptive from the rest of the class, Dr. Brown said, the teacher draws on the powerful influence of a students' peers to collectively rei...

Over prescribing causing high rates of antibiotic resistance in south and east Europe

...studies are needed to determine the motivation and incentives that lead individuals to use or not to use antibiotics. The ethics of promoting antibiotics in clinical situations in which they are unnecessary should be given serious consideration. In view of the emergence of bacterial resistance and the decline i...

British conservatives should beware of Australian health service reforms

... universal, publicly funded health system. Various incentives and penalties have driven coverage up from 30% to 45% of the population, but the strategy of subsidising insurance premiums has been expensive and primarily benefited the wealthy. Admissions to private hospitals have increased, but admissions to publ...

IDSA applauds Senate leadership for introduction of S. 3

...hich highlighted the problem and outlined possible incentives to spur research and development of new anti-infec... them to ensure that the scope of the bill and its incentives sufficiently cover infectious diseases, particularly antibiotics research and development and pandem...

Complementary and alternative therapies and conventional medical therapies

...ity control and consumer protections and to create incentives for research on the efficacy of these products. "...scheme for supplements should be revised to create incentives for privately funded research on the effectiveness of products and brands and on how consumers use t...

Genetically targeted therapies create opportunities to do business in new ways

...dual stakeholders, and prospective losers may have incentives to resist. Experience in other industries shows that daunting problems of this type can be successfully resolved. According to Dr. Evans this typically requires careful dialogue among industry stakeholders and skillful regulatory policy, to ensure th...

Medicare HMOs fail to control costs of colon surgery in elderly patients

...ary and inappropriate care, while giving providers incentives to use cost-efficient care. The elderly who opt to enroll in a Medicare HMO, a managed care model that emphasizes preventive care and offers beneficiaries less out-of-pocket costs, tend to be younger and have fewer chronic illnesses than their counte...

Families inform roadmap to improve care for dying in nursing homes

...o nursing homes to boost staffing levels; provide incentives and remove financial disincentives for nursing homes to contract with Medicare-certified hospices; include information about hospice care in the federal Patients' Bill of Rights....

Blacks and poor more likely to donate than receive many types of transplant organs

...ates, periodic efforts are made to allow financial incentives as a way to encourage donation. This study raises concerns about efforts to offer financial incentives since minorities and the poor may be disproportionately affected by such incentives. "There are alre...

Direct payments to households in poor countries could improve maternal & child health

...g demand with conditional cash transfers. Monetary incentives can be the turbochargers of health systems and can significantly boost their productivity."...

People on food stamps can't afford heart-healthy meals

...to develop interventions, educational programs and incentives that address the major factors affecting dietary choice knowledge, skills, accessibility, availability and affordability. In addition, said Fulp, "Communities need to work collaboratively with local businesses to address the issue of quality heart-h...

Major overhaul needed in end-of life care for patients with dementia

...er, is a nationwide effort to "align the financial incentives in the system with the provision of palliative care." The authors suggest relaxing the criteria for hospice to accommodate earlier referral of patients with dementia. Nursing homes should be financially rewarded for providing good end-of-life care ...

IDSA offers policy Rx for influenza vaccine shortage

...ive for society in the long run. Money we put into incentives should be returned by savings from decreased disea...ublic Health Crisis Brews, which outlined possible incentives to spur development of new antibiotics. IDSA believes that many of these incentives could also make ...

Scientists detect two decision-making pathways in human brain

... When participants chose between incentives that included an immediate reward, fMRI scans indicated heightened activity in parts of the brain, such as the limbic system, that are associated with emotional decision making. In contrast, deliberative and analytic regions of the brain, such as the...

Not all beers are created equal

...ent alcohol content. In other countries where tax incentives have been given to producers, retailers and consumers to give preference to lower-strength beers, there is much greater variety. In Australia, for example, beers with a strength of less than four percent make up 40 percent by volume of the beer mark...

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