Tag: "indicator" at medical news

Immune system rebounds for some children with AIDS, finds UF study

...44 children in the study, the number of T cells,an indicator of immune functioning, increased to normal levels. Childrenunder 6 showed the most pronounced improvement. "Their immune systems came back very dramatically and to a much greaterextent than would have been expected based on the earlier trials done wi...

PSA testing alone cannot fully explain drop in deaths from prostate cancer

...lead time of four years. Lead time is an important indicator of a cancer's aggressiveness. Short leadtimes generally are linked to faster-growing tumors and long lead timestypically are associated with non-aggressive cancer that can go undetected foryears. Assuming that PSA testing significantly improves life ...

Stress speeds passage from HIV to AIDS, support retards it

...4 lymphocyte count below 200 and/or having an AIDS indicator condition),depression, stressful life events, and social support. Thirty-three percentof the men progressed to AIDS, in an average time of 2.8 years. Eight mendied of HIV-related causes. Major depressive episodes were not significantly related to A...

UCSF Study Shows That An Herbal Therapy Reduces PSA Levels By Half In Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer

...reduced prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels, an indicator ofcancer cells, in men with advanced prostate cancer. In response to the herbal compound, seventy-five percent of the men in the UCSFstudy experienced more than a 50 percent decline in their PSA levels. Men in thestudy include those who had never rec...

NIAID Renews Funding For Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study

...orted that viralload was the single most important indicator of HIV disease progression. Previously, physicians had used CD4+ T-cell counts as the primary determinant intreatment decisions. More recently, MACS data have expanded knowledge of how differences in the genesthat encode HIV co-receptors - the molecu...

Stress And Surgery May Increase Development Of Cancerous Tumors

...rease in the incidenceof lung tumorcells, an early indicator of metastasis, compared with rats that had notreceived surgery. Theexperiment also showed that stress increased lung tumor incidence andsignificantly increasedthe mortality in the animals inoculated with cancer cells. "Our results show that, u...

Sexually Oriented Internet Sites Are Popular And Non-Problematic For Most People, But Pose Risks For Some

.... Time spent on line for sexual pursuits may be an indicator ofother problems that exist in users' lives, or may even create furtherdependence, according to the study's authors. The study, a 59-item questionnaire, was conducted over a 7-week period duringMarch and April of last year. The questionnaire was ...

Postmenopausal Women Reap Heart Benefits From Foods Containing Vitamin E

...ts). The time, called the lag time, is used as an indicator ofLDL oxidation. Researchers found increased intake of vitamin E was associated with decreasedsusceptibility of LDL to oxidation among women whose only source of vitamin Ewas food. There was no benefit in supplement users. In fact, the study showed...

HbA1 Predicts Coronary Artery Disease In Female But Not Male Type 1 Diabetics, Says University Of Pittsburgh Researcher

...but not in men with this disease. HbA1 is a known indicator ofprolonged high blood sugar. These results are being presented at the 39thannual conference on Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention, March25, in Orlando, Fla. "This gender-specific role of hyperglycemia may explain the lack of...

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's Prenatal Program Pushes the Frontiers of Diagnosis From the Second Trimester Into the First

...e blood of pregnant women have been found to be an indicator ofrisk for Down syndrome. If free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) ispresent in high concentrations, and pregnancy associated plasma protein A(PAPP-A) is low, the baby is considered to be at high risk. It also has beenfound that fetuses with D...

Ultrasound Measurement Of Neck Arteries May Help Doctors Identify Older Adults At Increased Risk For Heart Attack And Stroke

... The measurement of the carotids is a direct indicator of the risk ofstrokes, since the blood supply for the brain courses primarily through thosearteries. But since atherosclerotic buildup in the carotid arteries generallyoccurs in other arteries as well, the measurement of the carotids is an indirectin...

AIDS Prevention: Does It Work? Paper Suggests New Way To Assess Prevention Programs

...ut also actual changes in behavior - a more direct indicator oflikeliness to contract or avoid contracting HIV. The researchers argue thatmeasuring the number of people who have developed HIV, and not just the numberof people reached through prevention programs, is a marked improvement indetermining a program'...

Landmark Study Shows Behavioral Interventions Reduce HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behavior

...rrhea in men by half. Incidence of gonorrhea is an indicator of unprotected sexual behavior. NIMH Director Steven E. Hyman, M.D., said, "Reducing high risk behaviors isstill the best way to prevent new HIV infections. NIMH has identified aneffective strategy that could be adopted by public health and commun...

Educational Intervention Can Reduce Sexual Behaviors Known To Transmit HIV

... gonorrhea fell by half. Gonorrhea is an important indicator ofunprotected sexual behavior and a leading sexual risk factor for HIV infectionsamong heterosexuals. Researchers at seven sites in five metropolitan areas recruitedparticipants from three distinct populations at risk of acquiring HIV and oth...

Disorganization, Lack Of Closeness Characterize Families Where Children WithAsthma Skip Taking Medication, National Jewish Researchers Find

...id. General family disorganization can be another indicator of the type of familysituation that lends itself to problems for a child with asthma. "Things getlost in the hub-bub and stress of everyday life," he said. A pattern ofdisorganization in the family can have severe consequences for a child withasthm...

Ultrasound Helps Pediatric Heart Surgeons After Open Heart Surgery

...rom thetranscranial Doppler. This system is a good indicator of how much air isejected, Rodriguez said. "We have found that one of the advantages of doing this kind ofmonitoring is if you see lots of air, you can tell the surgeon he needs to domore deairing -- it is a feedback system," Rodriguez sai...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... new pain relief targets that could be used ... at King,s College London made the discovery when ... periphery of the body. , Dr Marzia Malcangio ... underlying pain generation and our findings could help ... , One potential side effect of some chemotherapy ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... at the University of California, San Diego School of ... who have suffered a recent major loss are more ... adults. , The study is published in this month,s ... . , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better ... offer insights into ways to improve the outcomes of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... synthetic biology team has created a new technology ... that could travel the body and selectively target ... cell-based, biological devices that monitor and modify human ... biology. However, no existing technology enabled bioengineers to ... state and respond in a customized fashion. , ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... The cause of neuronal death in Parkinson,s disease ... neurons may be mistaken for foreign invaders and killed ... way autoimmune diseases like type I diabetes, celiac disease, ... was published April 16, 2014, in Nature Communications ... idea in Parkinson,s disease; but if true, it could ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization ... published a comprehensive review today examining the current state ... The review calls for improved global surveillance strategies to ... recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa that has ... of Guinea and Liberia. According to the World ...
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