Tag: "infants" at medical news
Drug protects infants with high-risk heart defect from neurologic and cardiac injury after heart surgery
...ug used to treat gout in adults also helps protect infants
from neurological and cardiac injury after heart s... of Philadelphia. The drug, allopurinol, benefited infants
with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), in which a severely underdeveloped left ventricle is un...
Dartmouth Medical School professors study the uneven landscapeof newborn intensive care services: Variation in the neonatology workforce
...y high"supply regions having fewer low birthweight infants
per neonatologist than the "very low" supply regions. The weakly positive correlation between neonatologists and neonatal mid-level providers per live birth is not consistent with substitution of neonatal mid-level providers for neonatologists. There...
Drug regimen adherence key in keeping babies virus-free, study suggests
... lower respiratory infections in infants
is a drug that can cost the co... contract RSV at least once. But the infants
with lung problems are the most at risk for developing serious complications. ...
Pain, price, insurance delays for new vaccines concern kids' doctors
...e ANN ARBOR, MI - When a new vaccine to protect infants
and children against meningitis, pneumonia and ear infections was introduced last year, the public's response was overwhelming: parents clamored to get their children vaccinated, as advertising and media coverage touted the shot's effectiveness. With...
Mayo Clinic researchers identify gene for inherited kidney and liver disease in young children
...isease (ESRD) within 10 years. About 45 percent of infants
with ARPKD also have liver disease, which is often a major feature in older children. Two genes have been identified for the more common, dominant form of PKD. The genetic cause of the recessive type, inherited only when both parents carry an abnor...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February (first issue)
...ved stress in caregivers leads to more wheesing in infants
Higher perceived stress in caregivers (mostly mothers) of 2- to 3-month-old infants
who had a genetic predisposition to asthma and allergy was associated with an increased risk of more...
Glue ear could be caused by gastric juices
... Eustachian tube, and the supine position in which infants
are often placed. There are thought to be several causes of glue ear, including bacterial and viral infection, allergy, and the presence of stomach acid (and the enzyme pepsin) as a result of gastric reflux. Andrea Tasker from the University of Newca...
Alcohol preferences among pregnant Native and African American urban women
...ences among two groups considered most at-risk for infants
with FAS: American Indians and African Americans. ...n women from two ethnic groups at highest risk for infants
with FAS, Native Americans and African Americans. "Both Native American and Black women have higher ...
'Bird brains' take heart-our feathered friends are no slouch at cognition
...d behavior is through their songs. Just like human infants
learning to speak, young songbirds, parrots, and hummingbirds must learn and memorize a repertoire of songs. "The special abilities that many songbirds have, just like we have, relate to the ability to learn a vocal communication system. But our clo...
Pregnancy and childbirth a major cause of death among Afghan refugee women
...an any other cause. 16 liveborn and nine stillborn infants
were born to women who died of maternal causes; six of the liveborn infants
died after birth. Therefore, 60% (15 of 24) of infants
born to these women were either born dead or ...
Most child care is provided by 'informal' providers, study finds
...bout two-thirds of all non-parental care hours for infants
(ages 0-1), almost half for toddlers (1-2) and 61 percent for school-aged children (6-12). The exception was the 3-6 age group, which spent more hours in centers and licensed family child care homes. Caregiving, the study found, is not a casual acti...
Cycled light promotes growth in pre-term infants
...udy identifies no short-term advantages to keeping infants
in total near darkness -- the standard practice wi...nurse researchers, by growing faster such pre-term infants
can leave the hospital sooner and may have improved developmental outcomes. The study is published i...
Research links level of spina bifida defect and need for shunt after newborn surgery
...ement of a drainage tube. The research showed that infants
with spina bifida are more likely to require a shu...e spina bifida lesions. Overall, 81 percent of the infants
required shunts. Our study confirmed the previous widespread impression of neurosurgeons that spina ...
New awards, expanded focus for Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group
... long-term pediatric studies; study drug safety in infants
who escape infection and in children who become in...nces in the pathogenesis of acute HIV infection in infants
compared with infection acquired by adolescents or adults. For more information on pediatric or adu...
Undersize infants score higher on IQ tests if breast fed exclusively
who are born small score an average of 11 points h... is consistent with earlier reports that full-term infants
who were of normal size for their age scored 3 points higher on IQ tests at five years of age when b...
UCLA scientists discover African strain of AIDS in two American infants
In the largest long-term study of HIV-infected infants
and children to date, UCLA AIDS Institute research...African strains of the virus infected two American infants
as early as 1994. The results are published in the April issue of AIDS Research and Human Retrovirus...
Preventing HIV infection in newborns
...etrospectively reviewed the hospital charts of all infants
diagnosed with perinatally acquired HIV infection ...July 2001 and found 6 cases involving HIV-positive infants
whose mothers did not know their own HIV status before or during their pregnancy. The authors sugges...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April (first issue)
..., and inflammation in a clinically stable group of infants
and young children with CF. The age range of the 22 infants
involved was from 6.7 months to 44 months, with their mean age at 23.2 months. The only complicatio...
Meningitis C vaccine is cost effective
...as more cost effective than routine vaccination of infants
because delivery costs are lower and fewer doses are required, conclude the authors....
At 2 years, cocaine babies suffer cognitive development effects
...Wis. CWRU researchers followed 415 cocaine-exposed infants
born at MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland to...mental outcomes. They were compared to non-exposed infants
on cognitive and motor development until age 2. What they found, according to Singer, was that prena...
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