Tag: "infected" at medical news

Population surveys - A new 'gold standard' for estimating true incidence of HIV/AIDS?

...gures) that around 42 million people worldwide are infected with HIV-1, with sub-Saharan Africa accounting for just under 30 million infections. Conventional estimates of HIV-1 prevalence are based on the HIV-1 status of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics. Several countries have recently done national...

Researchers use crippled poliovirus to attack brain cancer

...olio is known to be one of the quickest killers of infected host cells, producing approximately a thousand additional infectious viral units per infected cell, he said. "We made a drug out of a virus by engineering its destructiv...

WHO accused of huge HIV blunder

...one can be sure, but it is most likely that he was infected in hospital, perhaps by a needle that had not been sterilised after being used on an infected patient. The World Health Organization thinks that tragedies like Sipho's are very much the excepti...

Other highlights in the December 3 issue of JNCI

...ase patients that tested positive for HPV DNA were infected with HPV16, which is the most common HPV type in cervical cancer. The authors say more research is needed to determine how HPV is transmitted to the oral cavity. Review Focuses on Epigenome in Cancer Chemoprevention Epigenetic changes, or alterati...

U.S. is poorly prepared for influenza pandemic, St. Jude experts warn

...1 virus killed a man in Asia, while the H7N7 virus infected 80 people on chicken farms and killed a veterinari...uman and lower-animal influenza virus genes inside infected birds and swine kept in close quarters in markets or farms. The animals serve as "mixing bowls" in w...

Only one more case of vCJD in Ireland - probably

...akob disease (vCJD) as a consequence of eating BSE infected meat, say scientists. The prediction, published t...ulated the exposure of the Irish population to BSE infected beef, relative to the exposure of people in the UK. This enabled them to use the comprehensive data ...

New investigational vaccine to prevent hepatitis C tested for first time in humans

...imated 170 million people around the world already infected with hepatitis C, Saint Louis University is testing, for the first time in humans, an investigational vaccine that researchers hope will prevent infection with the virus. The successful development of such a vaccine would represent a major step in co...

OHSU researchers study recent monkeypox outbreak

...hool of Medicine. "Blood samples provided by those infected with monkeypox and those who were exposed but rema...er one of their theories is true: more people were infected with monkeypox during this past year's outbreak than initially reported. "At the time of the outbrea...

Potential low-cost options for monitoring HIV-1-infected children in less-developed countries

...t are orphaned. Reducing the proportion of infants infected by HIV by 20% by 2005 is not an easy target set by WHO, and requires that all solutions are implemented at the same time. Antiretroviral therapy of children is now clearly one of them for Africa."...

Study finds subtle brain damage in some HIV patients on drug therapy

...at least three months with 39 control subjects not infected by the virus. The HIV-positive group was further divided into two subgroups: a "virally suppressed" group whose 16 members had no detectable virus in blood samples, and a "viremic" group whose 23 members had substantial virus in blood samples. Whethe...

Jefferson scientists use gene therapy to restore function of damaged heart cells in laboratory

... explains. In the laboratory dish, the researchers infected heart cells from patients who underwent cardiac transplantation due to end-stage heart failure with an adenovirus that encoded both ARKct a peptide that can block ARK and a so-called "reporter gene" protein, which glows green. The latter provided a...

Parasite lipids against asthma or diabetes

... worms. More than 200 million people worldwide are infected with the worm. The majority of these people live i...orms can survive in their host for years. Although infected persons develop an immune response during an infection, the parasite significantly suppresses the ac...

Vaccines against fatal African cattle fever

...ted with the new protein vaccines and subsequently infected with the parasite, were found to be protected. Thi...ratory distress. If treatment does not follow, the infected animal dies within three weeks. The reduced productivity of the cattle as a result of this disease l...

Jefferson Scientists define new cell type that may lead to clues about Kaposi's sarcoma

... (KS), a rare cancer that sometimes afflicts those infected with HIV, the AIDS virus, has puzzled researchers. Now, pathologists at Jefferson Medical College may be uncovering some of its secrets. George Murphy, M.D., professor of pathology at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University in Philad...

New TB vaccine shows promise in HIV infection

...ctually reduces the risk of tuberculosis among HIV infected people in Tanzania at high risk of the disease....

Canadian discovery promises treatment for HIV dementia

...S in the U.S. Some 42 million people worldwide are infected with HIV or have AIDS, including an estimated 12 million youth....

New CDC-funded HIV program at UNC integrates treatment with prevention

...xtensive preventive efforts targeted at people not infected with HIV, 40,000 new HIV cases are identified in t..., prevention can be enhanced by also targeting the infected individual. "This is a total paradigm shift in thinking about prevention," Quinlivan said. "...

Substantial survival increase after highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection

...ath rates four times greater in 1999-2001 than men infected through homosexual contact. Whereas pre-1997 the r...hat HAART therapy is available, 9 out of 10 people infected with HIV-1 can expect to survive more than 10 years, regardless of their age. Earlier diagnosis prov...

Molecule expressed early in pregnancy may help patients tolerate transplants

...or other reasons," Dr. Grandas said. "Patients get infected and die with a working graft or they develop chronic graft dysfunction," because the drugs given to help the graft survive generally suppress the immune system, leaving patients more vulnerable to infection and disease. So he collaborates with Dr. H...

Pfizer's ZYVOX(TM) more effective than vancomycin in treating complicated SSTIs caused by MRSA

...icantly more effective than vancomycin in patients infected with MRSA, in terms of both curing them and getting them out of the hospital sooner." Better Efficacy and Shorter IV Treatment and Hospital Stays In two data presentations from the same study presented at IDSA (abstracts 314 and 315), the study ...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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