Tag: "infected" at medical news

First US SARS vaccine trial opens at NIH

...mice, reducing the levels of virus in the lungs of infected mice by more than a million-fold, Dr. Nabel and colleagues reported in Nature in March 2004. "Two years ago, we didn't know that this virus existed. Today, we begin clinical trials of a promising vaccine candidate. We owe the speed of this research ...

Broad-based vaccination of wild mice could help reduce lyme disease risk in humans

...ick, the crucial stage during which a tick becomes infected with B. burgdorferi. Normally, uninfected tick lar...ife cycle while taking their first blood meal from infected small animals, such as the white-footed mouse. The white-footed mouse is considered a key animal res...

Novel antibiotic shows promise in shortening treatment duration of tuberculosis

... disease. One out of three people in the world are infected with latent TB. Even in the developed world, one out of twenty carry the TB bacillus. In some developing countries, one in two people are infected. A carrier of latent TB has a 10 percent life-long risk to develop TB. However, in HIV patients, that r...

Screening for genital herpes should be targeted

...his case, though, ignorance is not bliss--a person infected with HSV-2 can unknowingly pass the virus to sexual partners and has a doubled risk of contracting HIV from unprotected sex. Screening for HSV-2 has become possible with the advent of a blood test that can detect antibodies to the virus. A committ...

Low platelet counts linked to decreased survival in HIV-infected women

...ytes- which give rise to platelets-can actually be infected by HIV, it is possible that low platelet counts are simply an independent marker of advanced HIV disease, Levine says. Calif. Poster session: Disorders of Platelet Number or Function I, Dec. 5, 6 p.m....

Thinking beyond deworming

...ood. Hungry children become more malnourished when infected with worms. The impact on goals 2 and 3--universal primary education and promotion of gender equality--is also clear. An investment of as little as $3.5 per child on helminth control translates to an extra year of schooling gained. School enrolment b...

VGTI researchers help uncover why aging reduces immune system function

...causing pathogens, then destroy them and the cells infected by them," said Nikolich-Zugich who also serves as ...wo functions: to recognize and destroy abnormal or infected cells, and to suppress the activity of other white blood cells to protect normal tissue. The scienti...

Is the '3 by 5' initiative the best approach to tackling the HIV pandemic?

...set themselves a bold target: to get 3 million HIV infected people in poor and middle income countries on life-saving antiretroviral drugs by the end of 2005. But is this the right strategy for rolling back the world's worst infectious disease pandemic? A provocative debate in this month's PLoS Medicine ...

LA BioMed Medical/Research Briefs December 2004

... these serious infections. With 2 million patients infected and $5.5 billion spent every year on these infections, Dr. Edwards believes it is time to focus on the future. According to Edwards, "There are nearly 90,000 preventable deaths each year from severe hospital associated infections that's a Vietnam e...

Researchers recommend vaccinating adolescents against whooping cough

...ooping cough if they live with or are cared for by infected adults. Since the symptoms can be as mild as a persistent cough, adults may not even realize that they are infected. The Global Pertussis Initiative (GPI), an international group of pertussis researchers, has formulated several recommendations to ...

Were zoo workers infected with cancer-causing animal virus?

...lthough humans in contact with primates may become infected with SV40, currently available evidence does not suggest that SV40 circulates independently in the community or that it contributes to the development of any human cancer." Because of uncertainties in the evidence, however, he recommended further stu...

Infections in low-birth-weight infants are associated with impaired neurodevelopment and growth

...circumference). Compared with uninfected infants, infected infants were significantly more likely to have adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at follow-up, including cerebral palsy, low scores in mental development and psychomotor development on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II test, or vision impa...

Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection differs for men and women

...fection in this group. Forty-five percent of those infected had more than one type of HPV. The prevalence of infection with "high-risk" HPV types associated with invasive anal cancer was 26%, suggesting that a high proportion of men who have sex with men may be at risk for anal cancer. Chin-Hong and colleagu...

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for November 2004 (second issue)

...he study were 7-week-old females. After they were infected with TB, they were placed randomly into 4 treatment groups. The control group received the standard 6-month therapy. The three experimental groups received a regimen of rifampin, pyrazinamide, and moxifloxacin, which varied in length of time and dr...

Hepatitis C at epidemic levels among young injectors in London

... now has hepatitis C, while three per cent are now infected with HIV. Hepatitis C, which can cause serious and...terview they found 42 percent and 3.4 percent were infected with HCV and HIV respectively one year later. The researchers also found high levels of syringe shar...

Occult hepatitis B in dialysis patients

... dedicating dialysis rooms, machines and staff for infected patients. Vaccinations may also protect dialysis patients from contracting HBV, however, vaccination acceptance and response rates are low in this population of dialysis patients....

Longterm immune memory cells cells do not develop during chronic viral infections

...CD8 T cells were transferred back into chronically infected mice where they re-encountered antigen, the cells began to recover. The scientists also compared other important qualities of memory T cells, including the responsiveness to cytokine signaling by interleukin 7 (IL-7) and interleukin 15 (IL-15). Re...

No justification for colposcopy in screening of young women for cervical cancer

...women. Around 70% of sexually active women become infected with human pappiloma virus (HPV); around a quarter of women with HPV infection develop low-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (LSIL); although LSIL are usually benign and disappear over time, they can develop into high-grade lesions, a precursor...

Consequences of SARS revealed

...or suspected SARS, and most confirmed cases became infected in a hospital setting. The problems and solutions encountered during the SARS epidemic have had a beneficial consequence for Taiwanese authorities in that they have helped planning for an influenza pandemic. Should such a pandemic occur, it will be f...

A key to pregnancy-associated malaria

A malaria protein that traps infected cells in the placenta may provide a promising new ...VAR2CSA, is selectively produced on the surface of infected cells that can bind to the placenta. They find that women, but not men, from endemic areas have cir...

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