Tag: "infections" at medical news
MRSA: Political point-scoring over hospital cleanliness ignores the real issue
...s with corporate manslaughter if patients die from infections
acquired in hospital. But the focus on pleasing the public means these policies are missing the point, states the editorial. Critics of the UK government policy point out that increases in deaths from MRSA have occurred simultaneously with outsourcin...
Not enough evidence that multivitamins prevent infections in the elderly
... that multivitamin and mineral supplements prevent infections
in elderly people, finds a study published online ... effect of multivitamin and mineral supplements on infections
in elderly people. Although three studies reported fewer days spent with infection, overall the evid...
Sexual lifestyles vary among ethnic groups in Britain
...erns of sexual lifestyles and sexually transmitted infections
(STI) vary among ethnic groups in Great Britain, concludes a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET. Kevin Fenton (University College London, UK) and colleagues used data from the second British National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, i...
Late developers may run higher risk of infection than sexually mature younger teens
...more susceptible to high risk sexually transmitted infections
than sexually precocious younger teens, suggests r...late [periods] may be more susceptible to multiple infections
than a sexually active 15 year old with early [periods]."...
HIV testing should be routine part of primary health care for sexually active
...ecommended in settings where the prevalence of HIV infections
is greater than one percent. In settings where th...think of it." The number of people living with HIV infections
in the United States continues to increase, according to recent CDC data, and 35 percent of new case...
Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries
Rates of neonatal infections
in hospital born babies are up to 20 times higher ...ut babies in the developing world at great risk of infections
and death soon after birth. Anita Zaidi (Aga Khan University, Pakistan) and colleagues reviewed dat...
Child care may affect entire community's risks of infection
... illness ranging from minor conditions such as ear infections
to more serious diseases like sinusitis, pneumonia, and meningitis. A childhood vaccine released in 2000 has decreased rates of illness due to S. pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus. Children are more likely to carry pneumococci than adults, and i...
NYU College of Dentistry study equates poor oral health with preterm birth risk
...ed with oral bacteria other than those which cause infections
of the gums (periodontal disease). This new evidence adds to the growing body of research which shows that a pregnant woman's oral health is important to the health of her newborn. The study's principal investigator, Dr. Ananda P. Dasanayake, asso...
Opponents of needle-exchange programs should think about their message to drug users
...gories of people accounted for half of all new HIV infections
in the nation. In fact, 57 percent of children born with AIDS in the United States are the offspring of IDUs or their sexual partners. IDUs also risk exposure to various forms of hepatitis. Between 50 and 80 percent of IDUs contract hepatitis C the ...
Why asthma sufferers struggle with the common cold
...e results could help explain why respiratory viral infections
are often more severe in people with asthma and how infection can trigger asthma attacks. Past studies have shown that viruses can replicate themselves more extensively in the lungs of asthma sufferers than in healthy lungs. In this study, Wark and...
HIV and ID doctors oppose ideologically driven STI prevention policies
... health education, to prevent sexually transmitted infections
(STI). The Infectious Diseases Society of America... that the best way to prevent sexually transmitted infections
is to abstain from sexual activity, or to be in a monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner...
Virginity pledges do not reduce STD risk: May encourage high risk sexual behavior
... infections, they may be more likely to have those infections
for longer periods than non-pledgers. "If pledgers have infections
for longer periods of time than non-pledgers, this is a reason for concern," said Brckner. The autho...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (second issue)
...e units (ICUs), patients who developed bloodstream infections
while in the unit were 7 times more likely to die ...udy period. According to the authors, bloodstream infections
are a common healthcare associated infection among intensive care unit patients. They said that mos...
HIV-1 spread through six transmission lines in the UK
...B epidemic during the 1980s. The average number of infections
across each chain was 445, approximately 2.5% of t...r the US epidemic, where the number of transmitted infections
and prevalence in 1995 reached 5000 and 200,000 infections
respectively. The most recent transmissio...
Steady rise in HIV among heterosexuals in the UK
Numbers of HIV infections
acquired through heterosexual intercourse in the U...hey continue to represent less than 10% of all HIV infections
diagnosed in heterosexuals in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. And, contrary to popular belief,...
Aircraft cabin ventilation influences the transmission of diseases in-flight
...portant role in the rapid spread of newly emerging infections
and could potentially even start pandemics. In addition to flight crew, public health officials and health care professionals have an important role in the management of infectious diseases transmitted on airlines and should be familiar with guidelin...
2005 Geriatric Oral Research Award
...thology, with special emphasis on the role of oral infections
in medically compromised patients. He has been at the forefront of identifying oral complications of systemic diseases, particularly head and neck cancers, cardiovascular diseases, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, diabetes, rheumatological and ren...
Cigarette smoke worsens respiratory infections in infants
...ers or others who smoked developed more severe RSV infections
than the kids who were not exposed to cigarette sm...ican-American children tended to have less serious infections
than Caucasian children. Because RSV infection is linked to childhood asthma and because African-Ame...
Even mild depression increases long-term mortality in heart failure
... congestive heart failure, its many causes include infections
of the heart, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, previous heart attacks and valve problems. An estimated 4.7 million Americans suffer from the condition, with 400,000 new cases reported each year, and according to the researchers, it is th...
Laughter helps blood vessels function better
...micals and other substances in response to wounds, infections
or irritation. It also plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease. "The endothelium is the first line in the development of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, so, given the results of our study, it is conceiv...
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