Tag: "infections" at medical news
Implanted devices detect high-risk heart failure patients
... congestive heart failure, its many causes include infections
of the heart, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, previous heart attacks and valve problems. An estimated 4.7 million Americans suffer from the condition, with 400,000 new cases reported each year. Roughly one-half of patients die within fi...
HIV testing should no longer be accorded any special status
...esting before chest x rays, or patients with chest infections
do not receive voluntary counselling and testing before investigations are carried out. The current combination of a lack of time for pre-test counselling and denial by patients has resulted in late diagnoses and ongoing spread of infection, they say...
Sunflower seed oil can protect low birth weight babies from infection
... Infants treated with sunflower oil had around 7.0 infections
per 100 days in hospital, while controls had around 10.8 infections
per 100 days. Overall, infants treated with sunflower seed oil were 41% less likely to develop infec...
Three out of the four million newborn babies who die each year could be saved
...ajor direct causes of neonatal deaths globally are infections
(36%), premature birth (28%), and asphyxia (23%). A baby in a low-resource, high mortality country is 11 times more likely to die of infection than a baby in a rich, low mortality country. Neonatal tetanus, which has been virtually unseen in rich cou...
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
...ker, and J. Lindsay Whitton Coxsackievirus B (CVB) infections
can cause serious consequences such as meningoencephalitis, particularly in newborns and young children. This week, Feuer et al. track the insidious path of CVB3 infection in neonatal mice....
Genetic amplification (NAAT) test detects HIV more effectively than standard tests in urban study
...event the transmission of approximately five HIV-1 infections
and 56 hepatitis C virus infections
each year since it was initiated for screening donor blood. "Adding NAAT-based screening to standard...
Dual testing better for monitoring new cases of HIV
...confusion for those responsible for monitoring new infections
and spread of HIV. According to the researchers, large numbers of artificially "new" cases also have the potential to hamper measurements of how successful are global treatment efforts in Africa, where aid from the United States is set to make antir...
Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence
...s of elderly relatives, complications (such as ear infections
and pneumonia), absences from school, and parental loss of workdays and over-prescribing of antibiotics. However, there is no evidence that vaccinating children can achieve these goals. Tom Jefferson (Cochrane Vaccines Field, Italy) and colleagues id...
Disease testing for immigrants: Discrimination disguised as public health policy
...t recent report, the number of newly diagnosed HIV infections
thought to have been contracted outside the UK in 2003 number only around 3000. Reacting to public fears over perceived threats, countries including Canada, USA, Australia, and New Zealand, have adopted stringent policies for compulsory screening of ...
Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women
...3 issue of JAMA. Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections
(UTIs) are among the most commonly encountered bacterial infections
in women, according to background information in the article. Management of these infections
Investigational transplant drug effectively preserves kidneys while avoiding toxic side effects
...une system and prevents it from fighting off other infections
following transplant. "For the past 20 years, transplant patients have been treated with cyclosporine-like medications that effectively suppressed the immune system to prevent the body from rejecting the new organ," said Christian Larsen, MD,...
Scientists replicate hepatitis C virus in laboratory
...people genotype 1, the major type of HCV of human infections
worldwide and the type most resistant to current therapies. They constructed an HCV replica using a DNA copy of the original HCV single-strand RNA genome. They placed the DNA copy between two ribozymes, RNA molecules that have enzymatic function an...
Antimicrobials to prevent infection in major surgery are used properly only about half the time
...bial medications intended to prevent surgical site infections
are appropriately administered to patients (within..., one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Surgical site infections
(SSIs) are a major contributor to patient injury, mortality and health care costs, increasing mortal...
Female sex hormones play a vital role in defense against sexually transmitted diseases
...d effect on susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections
as well as on the body's defense mechanisms agains...nst primary exposure to sexually transmitted viral infections
may be very different than those that may be useful in vaccination strategies," said Kaushic. "There...
Radiologists offer non-surgical treatment for early-stage liver cancer
...y. People with cirrhosis or Hepatitis B or C virus infections
are at increased risk of developing liver cancer. Fewer than 5 percent of liver-cancer patients with cirrhosis qualify for surgical liver resection, and the liver donor shortage limits transplant availability. "RF ablation was shown to be a safe ther...
'EuroVacc 02' HIV vaccine trial begins in February 2005
...nd constitutes more than 50 percent of the new HIV infections
worldwide. The phase I clinical trial, with the EuroVacc Foundation as the sponsor, will evaluate the safety of DNA-HIV-C alone and of the prime-boost regimen of DNA-HIV-C+NYVAC-HIV-C, and to compare the immunogenicity of the prime-boost regimen to...
Bacteria collection sheds light on urinary tract infections
...ontaminated with E.coli, can lead to urinary tract infections
in women, according to a team of bacteriologists. ...10 million people are diagnosed with urinary tract infections
each year. Women are more likely to get UTIs than men because it is easier for the bacteria to reach...
New highly active agents against sandfly fever
...ion in line with the search for new treatments for infections
that are insufficiently combated by existing medicines. Research work and development of these compounds active against leishmaniases are planned, in partnership with Brazil, with the particular aim of perfecting their production at industrial scale....
Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member is funded to develop an interactive computer system
...communities," Jones said. "Over 68 percent of HIV infections
in urban women are heterosexually transmitted. This is a preventable disease and the computer prototype to deliver video vignettes is an innovative approach to promote change in women's HIV risk behaviors." The National Library of Medicine grant foll...
Induction at 32 weeks possible action for expectant moms with premature membrane rupture
...re an infection can set in." The study found that infections
in both mom and baby were significantly lower in mothers experiencing membrane rupture when they opted for induction at 32 weeks pregnancy rather than waiting for spontaneous labor. In addition, hospital stay for the newborn was considerably shorter ...
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