Tag: "infections" at medical news
African children with HIV would benefit from daily doses of cheap antibiotic
...o help reduce illness and death from opportunistic infections
such as pneumonia. The trial was stopped early when it became obvious that co-trimoxazole treatment nearly halved the mortality rate compared with placebo. Antibiotic resistance limits the efficacy of drugs such as co-trimoxazole; no trials of ...
All chronic sinusitis is not created equal, study finds
...ping, runny-nosed, headachy chronic rhinosinusitis infections
are the same, researchers have found. Rather, this problem that afflicts some 30 million Americans annually has four severity classifications that could help guide treatment today and help find better treatments in the future, says the lead author on...
Infection in ELBW infants linked with poor neurodevelopmental, growth outcomes
...ne if neonatal (during the first 120 days of life) infections
are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental and growth abnormalities in early childhood. The study included infants, born 1993-2001, who were enrolled in a very low-birth-weight registry at academic medical centers participating in the National In...
Infection puts extremely low birth weight infants at risk for developmental delays
...Dr. Higgins, about 47 percent of the children with infections
had some form of delay in development or a physica...ls. Dr. Higgins added that although infants with infections
were more likely to have such impairments, infants who did not have infections
also had a high rate ...
Infections in low-birth-weight infants are associated with impaired neurodevelopment and growth
in extremely-low-birth-weight infants significantl...he American Medical Association (JAMA). Neonatal infections
are frequent complications of extremely-low-birth-weight infants in intensive care, and are associat...
Millions who suffer from nut and milk allergies could benefit from Stanford researcher's test
...uch cleanliness in modern life. Under this theory, infections
are critical to help protect people from allergies...o. Perhaps, he reasoned, the incidence of Listeria infections
has become less widespread than it once was because of greater attention to hygiene. "We thought tha...
Marine sponge leads researchers to immune system regulator
...s an important role in preventing cancer, fighting infections
and perhaps triggering or avoiding autoimmune diseases. Discovered less than ten years ago, natural killer (NK) T cells are unusual because they target lipids, often bound to carbohydrates, rather than proteins. When presented with a lipid that may ...
HPV vaccine shown effective at reducing cancer-causing infections
...100 percent effective at preventing the persistent infections
that cause cervical cancer, researchers report in the Nov. 13 issue of the British journal, The Lancet . "This study provides objective evidence that this vaccine will work, it's going to save lives and will have a major impact on women's health ca...
Women with arrhythmias may also benefit from an ICD
... lack of blood flow but to various factors such as infections
(mostly viral), heredity, alcohol abuse, toxins, and other medical conditions. The researchers tried to recruit an equal number of men and women, but only about 29 percent of patients in the treatment group were women, and only approximately one-fou...
Respiratory infections, not air pollution, pose winter health threat for children with asthma
...: 1.083). "It is well known that upper respiratory infections
can cause problems for people with asthma, but the air pollutions results were a surprise," said Dr. Gelfand. "We believe that careful monitoring of the children allowed us to filter out confounding factors that would have mistakenly suggested a sign...
Eye care for refugees, the displaced discussed at UH
...pairs of eyeglasses have been prescribed, trachoma infections
and vitamin A deficiencies have been significantly suppressed, more than 1,000 cataract surgeries have been carried out by volunteer surgical teams and many eye health educational messages have been relayed to refugee camp residents in hopes of incre...
NIH recognizes IU as leader in STD research
...revention and pathogenesis of sexually transmitted infections
in young women. Specific projects include:studies ...ong adolescents that influence the transmission of infections
and adolescents' acceptance of topical microbicides that could prevent STIs research on the bacteria...
Occult hepatitis B in dialysis patients
... suggest," the authors report. The majority of the infections
were associated with low viral loads and a surprisingly high prevalence of the sG145R-mutant. Unfortunately, but not unexpectedly, there were no obvious demographic, biochemical or serologic indicators for those with occult HBV. For the nine patient...
Longterm immune memory cells cells do not develop during chronic viral infections
Immune T cells that respond to chronic viral infections
do not acquire the same "memory" capabilities of T... lose their immunity to some viruses after chronic infections
are controlled. It could guide scientists in developing better therapeutic combinations of antivira...
UCSF receives $21 million NIH contract for sexually transmitted infection research
...agnostic products for non-HIV sexually transmitted infections
(STI). The trials will cover a full range of treat...o prevent, diagnose and treat sexually transmitted infections
available for the most vulnerable populations, there is also an urgent need to build global public h...
Consequences of SARS revealed
...infecting an entire shift of nurses with SARS, and infections
of several of his work colleagues led to closure to Singapore's largest wholesale vegetable market and devastation of the local fresh food industry. An editorial in the same issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases notes that one of the most striking ...
Surgical procedure to treat GERD in children found to be ineffective
...dical disorders had an increased incidence of lung infections
and dumping syndrome. Findings from this single-center study need to be confirmed in future prospective studies to determine generalizability....
Some antibiotic resistance threat in hospitals could yield to hand washing
...chers report potentially life-threatening hospital infections
with bacteria resistant to the antibiotic methicil... been treated with that drug. But, they add, these infections
can be stopped with one of medicines oldest and most powerful antibacterial treatments: hand washing...
New analysis links breastfeeding to reduced risk of childhood leukemia
...moting step, a rare response in the child to early infections
that can cause a secondary genetic change. That's where breastfeeding may come into play. It could be preventing that second event from occurring because the mother is passing along her antibodies to the child through her breast milk and strengthenin...
Using over-the-counter drugs to treat upper respiratory infections may save $4.75 billion annually
...TC), medications to treat common upper respiratory infections
could save $4.75 billion a year, according to a ne...f using OTC medications to treat upper respiratory infections
with those with non-treatment. Lipsky and colleagues found an average cost savings of $9 per episode...
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