Tag: "infectious" at medical news

Making cancer cells susceptible to therapeutic attack

...n combating cancer," said Dr. James Cook, chief of infectious diseases and a member of the UIC Cancer Center. The latest study is published in the July 23 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. To date, Cook and his colleagues have tested the E1A gene in cancer cells from four species: h...

Fogarty International Center announces new research program in stigma and global health

...relationship of stigma to global health, including infectious and non-infectious diseases, as well as physical and behavioral conditions, and because many of the participants were from the developing world, where conditions that are often stigmatized are highly prevalent. Information and presentations from the...

Researchers develop 'fingerprinting' for biological agents

...have developed a powerful new method for detecting infectious diseases, including those associated with many bioterrorism and warfare threats such as anthrax, tularemia, smallpox and HIV. A research team led by Chad A. Mirkin, director of Northwestern's Institute for Nanotechnology, has invented a technique fo...

Smokers infections increase risk of early atherosclerosis

...effects of smoking are mediated in part by chronic infectious illnesses in smokers," says lead researcher Stefan Kiechl, M.D., professor of neurology at Austria's Innsbruck University Hospital. Previous research has shown that smoking is linked to respiratory infections, gum infections and chronic ulcer infec...

UCSD team identifies potential role of CRP in development of antherosclerosis

...phocholine molecule, which is also present on many infectious pathogens....

New approach to replacing immune cells shrink tumors in patients with melanoma

...have applications to many cancer types, as well as infectious diseases such as AIDS. In the study, 13 patients ... technique could potentially be used to treat some infectious diseases, such as AIDS....

Possible new cancer therapy shrinks tumors in melanoma patients, Science authors report

...so work for treating other cancer type, as well as infectious diseases, such as AIDS, according to the researchers. Unlike many other cancer studies, which are done on mice, this study was done on human patients, who had not responded to standard therapies. "To be able to do something as complex as this in hum...

Don't overlook terrorism's long-term effects on elders

...trauma-related stress, and to look for unexplained infectious disease, which could be anthrax, in older people. The neighborhood around the World Trade Center was home to a number of older people. "According to one estimate, as many as 6300 residents aged 65 and older live within a few blocks of the attack sit...

Is a malaria vaccine possible?

...y rain-filled leaf and people can expect up to 500 infectious mosquito bites in a year, traditional means of keeping the disease at bay will make a difference but will not be sufficient. Protection through vaccination would add a crucial component to the malaria control toolbox. The Malaria Vaccine Initiativ...

HHS announces contracts for developing a new anthrax vaccine

...e the best method of protecting the public against infectious diseases," said NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. "At NIAID, one of our top priorities is to work with industry to create new and improved vaccines against possible agents of bioterrorism. These vaccines must be suitable for civilian populations ...

Antibody may be risk factor for stroke in young women

...are autoantibodies rather than fighting a foreign infectious source they're directed against the body's own tissues. They increase the chances of blood clotting, a cause of ischemic stroke. "Our findings support a modest association between antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and stroke in young women. Along w...

The lancet infectious diseases (TLID) October press release

... Otitis media (middle-ear infection) is a common infectious disease of early childhood; an estimated 20 million cases occur in the USA annually. This review assesses the impact of antibacterial treatment, commenting on how clinicians may become mislead by drug treatment as otitis media often resolves naturall...

U-M Bioterrorism Preparedness Initiative gets $1 million from CDC

...vent and respond to bioterrorist attacks and other infectious disease outbreaks. The U-M Bioterrorism Preparedne...h system that is robust enough to prevent or treat infectious disease outbreaks, be they a result of bioterrorist acts or naturally occurring. This grant will mov...

Antibiotics not always beneficial for childhood ear infections

...fessor of pediatrics and a specialist in pediatric infectious diseases, writes in the Oct. 10 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine that placebo-controlled trials found ear infections had gone away in one week in 81 percent of placebo recipients, as compared with 94 percent of antibiotic recipients. He...

New type of antiobiotic tackles hard-to-treat pediatric infections

...t hospitalization," said Kaplan, also chief of the infectious disease service at Texas Children's Hospital. "This underscores the need for new treatments for children with hard-to-treat resistant gram-positive infections, because there are limited options available for this age group." The study included child...

HHS awards University of Wisconsin $55.8 million to fight asthma in inner-city children

...d applied research to prevent, diagnose, and treat infectious and immune-mediated illnesses, including HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, illness from potential agents of bioterrorism, tuberculosis, malaria, autoimmune disorders, asthma and allergies....

The Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)

...the latter half of the 20th century, and geriatric infectious diseases have become an increasingly important issue. Gatan Gavazzi and Karl-Heinz Krause (Department of Geriatrics, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland) explain in a review in the November issue of TLID how infections in the elderly are not onl...

UT Southwestern, Children's Medical Center to test new rapid diagnostic equipment

...quipment, doctors will be able to quickly diagnose infectious diseases in children brought to the emergency room. Results would be available within hours rather than the five to seven days needed for a culture. "With the capability of rapid turnaround and ease of DNA testing, the tests could be done seven days ...

Chronic stress can interfere with normal function of the immune system

...mation, like allergic, autoimmune, cardiovascular, infectious and rheumatologic illnesses," Dr. Miller. But even though the cancer patient parents reported more depressive symptoms, depression does not seem to operate as a mediator. It may be that anxiety, intrusive thoughts, feelings of helplessness or lack of...

American Thoracic Society news tips for November (first issue)

...sted their ideas on 1,296 rats at varying doses of infectious agents. They found that regardless of the type of anti-inflammatory agents used, the drugs were more effective at a severity associated with higher death rates. The research appears in the first issue for November 2002 of the American Journal of Re...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
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