Tag: "intestine" at medical news

Type of weight loss surgery more effective at reducing insulin resistance

...iliopancreatic diversion, which shortens the small intestine and reduces absorption of fats. Patients were restudied at 5 to 6 months and again at 16 to 24 months postsurgery. Dr. Muscelli concludes, "Bariatric surgery is increasingly considered for the treatment of morbidly obese patients who have serious co...

New network of gastrointestinal immune cells discovered

...opulations of dendritic cells throughout the small intestine in a layer just below the epithelial lining. It p...dritic cells without access to the interior of the intestine were not able to carry out one of their normal functions, taking up the harmless strains of E. coli ...

Study shows long-term use of NSAIDs causes severe intestinal damage

...cations, but the extent of the impact on the small intestine was largely unknown until now," said David Graham,...oscopy gave us an opportunity to examine the small intestine and learn that NSAIDs can cause severe damage to this organ." Everyday more than 30 million people ...

New study shows how mad cow prions hitch a ride into intestine

...ck on ferritin, a protein normally absorbed by the intestine and abundantly present in a typical meat dish. The...udied how the surviving prions are absorbed by the intestine using a cell model. The prions were linked with ferritin, a cellular protein that normally binds exc...

Reducing anti-rejection meds after transplant shows less complications

...us infections and major complications. Because the intestine is especially prone to rejection and infection, re... of Pittsburgh, was intentionally done because the intestine is an organ most capable of producing an immune response. With the success of reducing the anti-reje...

Understanding how prostaglandin prevents gut injury during radiation therapy

...e risk of irreversibly damaging the cells of their intestine due to the radiation-induced death of cells within... (PGE2) is capable of inhibiting cell death in the intestine that occurs as a result of exposure to radiation. In the December 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical...

Infection in ELBW infants linked with poor neurodevelopmental, growth outcomes

...terocolitis (inflammation involving both the small intestine and the colon; n = 279), or meningitis with or without sepsis (n = 193). The majority of ELBW survivors (65 percent) had at least 1 infection during their hospitalization after birth. The researchers found that compared with uninfected infants, those...

Study of trends in celiac disease

...uses an autoimmune reaction that damages the small intestine and causes problems absorbing nutrients from food as well as a range of gastrointestinal and other symptoms. Celiac disease generally responds to a gluten-free diet....

Swallowing multiple magnets poses danger to children

...objects with metallic density throughout the small intestine and possibly the large intestine. The next day, surgeons removed a large number of small magnets that had been part of a toy. The magnets caused several areas of small bowel necrosis and local perforation. While swallowing magnets is not ne...

New study demonstrates co-administration

...statin class, are those that are absorbed from the intestine into the bloodstream and travel throughout the body.WelChol is indicated, alone or in combination with a statin, as an adjunct to diet and exercise for the reduction of elevated LDL (bad) cholesterol in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (Fre...

Breakthrough therapies treat Crohn's disease

...S., causes inflammation in the lining of the small intestine that can lead to pain and discomfort. Though the condition usually occurs in the lower part of the small intestine, it can affect any part of the digestive tract. New studies presented today at Digestive Disease Week show the commitment of gastroen...

New era of colon screening emerging

...ulum (a small pouch extending from the wall of the intestine and located in the lower portion of the small intestine), occult Crohn's disease, missed colonic polyps and angiodysplasia, or colonic bleeding due to deteriorating blood vessels in the colon walls. "Capsules used in patients with incomplete colono...

Mayo Clinic led study: Minimally invasive surgery safe, effective for patients with colon cancer

...urgery to remove all or part of the colon or large intestine to get rid of the cancer. Minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery typically involves the creation of three, half-inch incisions through which a small video camera and surgical instruments are inserted. A two-inch incision is used to bring the colon o...

NCI grant supports Jefferson trial to study test for colorectal cancer recurrence

...ressed only by intestinal cells and outside of the intestine in colon cancers, including cells circulating in t...ectal cancers originate in the cells that line the intestine that normally make GCC. When cells become cancerous, they continue to make GCC. Dr. Waldman and his...

Open surgery better for most hernias

... each year. Inguinal hernias occur when a loop of intestine pushes through the abdominal wall and down into the inguinal canal in the groin, either due to an inborn weakness or excessive strain. The result is a bulge that is usually painless in its early stages, but that could cause pain and complications lat...

Study shows drug can heal, reduce recurrence of fistulas in Crohn's disease

...elop fistulas openings from affected areas of the intestine into other organs or onto the skin, often around the anus. The presence of fistulas can seriously impact patients' quality of life and increases the likelihood of surgical treatment, which may not have satisfactory results. Infliximab, which targets...

Jefferson scientists unlocking secrets of cholesterol transport in body

...behind cholesterol transport and absorption in the intestine could lead to improved therapies for obesity, diab...be works. "We've identified the components of the intestine that likely mediate the effect of Zetia," Dr. Farber says. "These proteins probably act as a shuttli...

'Camera pill' promising for diagnosis of small bowel disease

...o camera that produces digital images of the small intestine can "see" areas other diagnostic techniques cannot...ccurs most often in the lower portion of the small intestine and is marked by diarrhea, abdominal pain and bleeding. Unlike standard endoscopy, CE-also known a...

Understanding how lymph nodes respond to infection may redefine how immune system functions

...found just under the skin and in the lining of the intestine and lungs and were previously associated primarily with the induction of allergic reactions. The Duke researchers report that allergic reactions are only a side effect of mast cells' much more important role as a regulator of the body's immune system...

JCI Table of Contents, November 14, 2003

...l presentation of subject B was dominated by small intestine dysfunction manifest as severe refractory neonatal diarrhea. Subsequent examination of subject A also revealed such dysfunction. The authors propose that PC1 is essential for the normal absorptive function of the human small intestine. Interestingly,...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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