Tag: "judgment" at medical news

Disulfiram and cognitive behavioral therapy appear effective for treating cocaine dependence

...a powerful "cue" for using cocaine, and can impair judgment and lower resistance to cravings for cocaine. Researchers hypothesize that by reducing alcohol use with disulfiram, users might be less likely to abuse cocaine. However, use of disulfiram has not been evaluated in general populations of cocaine use...

HIV treatment as a human right - learning from Thailand's experience

...legal case to increase access to medicines. In its judgment in the didanosine patent case against Bristol-Myers Squibb, the Thai Central Intellectual Property and International Trade Court ruled that, because pharmaceutical patents can lead to high prices and limit access to medicines, patients are injured by...

Low-dose interferon fails to improve survival in high-risk melanoma patients

...will require the integration of existing evidence, judgment of experienced clinicians, and informed input from patients, noted Lynn Schuchter, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania and author of the accompanying editorial, Adjuvant Interferon Thera...

Brain area identified that weighs rewards

...g neurons in the region at different points in the judgment process, the researchers hope to determine whether...xperiments," said Platt. "After all, what is moral judgment for a monkey? So, we'll have to develop a way to measure whether a monkey perceives another violatin...

Self-management program helps patients with acute low back pain

...sed by their physicians. Based on the physician's judgment they could get referrals to occupational or physical therapy, or other interventions such as medication or back exercise sheets. Interviewers assessed back pain, health status, self-efficacy, and time spent in physical activity at the beginning of th...

Will stop-smoking patch help slow memory loss?

...nied by the disorientation, confusion and impaired judgment typical of Alzheimer's disease. Studies suggest that if left untreated, 12 percent of MCI patients will convert to Alzheimer's disease each year. "Just like heart disease doesn't start with a heart attack it starts with years of cholesterol build-up...

Daily living problems facing Parkinson's disease patients

...lan and think ahead and involve aspects of memory, judgment and abstract reasoning. "Our goal is to see if we can find ways for the elderly with this disease to better cope with everyday living. There is only so much that medicine can do to slow the process, and we want to determine if changes in their enviro...

Study suggests common use of investigational breast cancer test

...her widespread use of SNB represents good clinical judgment or an example of premature adoption of an inadequately tested new technology is a question that may only be resolved many years from now when, and if, the ongoing clinical trials of SNB provide definitive data on the outcomes of this technique." I...

The Passionate Mind: Oct. 9-11 Utah Symposium in Science & Literature

...ocess of knowing, of having perception, memory and judgment -tied to our notions of ourselves? Those and other questions will be addressed Thursday Oct. 9through Saturday Oct. 11 when the University of Utah holds its secondannual Symposium in Science & Literature, this year titled "ThePassionate Mind: Emo...

Drivers with type-1 diabetes report increased incidence of car crashes

...dditional symptoms appear that affect behavior and judgment including confusion, blurred vision, mood changes, weakness and poor coordination. "Becoming hypoglycemic while driving can prove hazardous," said Daniel Cox, professor of psychiatric medicine at U.Va. Health System and principal investigator of the...

Laser measurements reveal biological basis of distance perception

...the rationale for this whole set of basic distance judgment phenomena simply falls out of the measured distances that typically exist in the environment," said Purves. "All these peculiar perceptions reflect the probabilistic structure of the environment with respect to the distance from us of the points on o...

Alcohol makes auto crash injuries worse for drivers and passengers, study finds

...g $45 billion. Alcohol is well known to reduce the judgment and performance of drivers and others engaging in activities that require concentration, quick reaction, and precise movement. This knowledge has led to laws that set limits on the level of alcohol that drivers can have in their blood, most commonly...

Top-rated NC hospital to 'go live' with third generation MedPoint patient safety system

... that complements the critical thinking skills and judgment of our nurses." Observes NEMC COO Dari Caldwell, BSN, MSN, PhD, CHE: "Safety is the first and most prominent of our four service standards. We feel positive about the contributions this new system and its related processes can deliver to our patients...

Decision rules and physician judgment

... the sensitivity and specificity of the physicians judgment was 89% and 26% respectively for the Ottawa rules, 80% and 59% for the Leiden rule and 82% and 38% for the physicians judgement. Eight fractures (including 1 clinically significant fracture) were missed with the Ottawa rules, 15 fractures (5 clinical...

ACP-ASIM updates ethical advice for relationships between physicians and industry

...hips with industry dont threaten their independent judgment about patient care. ACP-ASIM urges individual p...ips that might compromise their objective clinical judgment or their ability to serve the best interest of patients. Physicians must disclose a financial intere...

New medical school model sets out to create more competent, caring doctors

...l mental faculties including thinking, reasoning, judgment and emotions along with a technical skill. His ideas are part of a wider reform spearheaded by Hundert, who is the architect of Rochesters innovative medical school curriculum, which embodies many of the ideas discussed in the JAMA article. At Roche...

Study: passengers with young drivers boost accidents, graduated licensing might cut toll

...comparison to inexperience, impulsiveness and poor judgment by drivers and distractions by passengers," Foss wrote....

A simulator for space fitness

... fromParkinson's Disease may have sound vision and judgment but impaired motorcontrol. Someone with early Alzheimer's may be a good driver but become confusedabout the destination. Such considerations determine whataccommodations (adaptive technologies, ride-along navigators, etc.) are mostappropriate for a g...

UI Study Finds Many Physicians Withhold Pain Medication

...oid patients' informed consent because of aloss of judgment and competence due to mental clouding? Two, recognizing that nophysician would purposefully cause patients to suffer, can withholding painmedication (external coercion) or the presence of pain, which may limit thepatients' ability to concentrate on a...

UI Researcher Determines Vital Sign Norms For Cesarean Section Procedure

...til now, experts have relied on their own clinical judgment toestimate reference limits. Dexter's analysis of the data from Duke provides a benchmark to either confirmor refute these claims. "The importance in terms of malpractice cases is that when you see very large,seemingly abnormal changes in vital sign...

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(Date:8/19/2014)... week,s JAMA highlights the importance of physicians ... to treat patients. Written by Robert Vinci, MD, chief ... pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine and Howard ... examines results of a study published in the same ... doctors can often over-emphasize certain types of data. , ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... multitasking and ways to train it have been identified ... de griatrie de Montral and the University of Montreal. ... effectiveness of this training. Cooking while having a conversation, ... while listening to a radio show multitasking ... it decreases with age, which makes it harder for ...
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