Tag: "justification" at medical news

Boston University team finds link between high cholesterol and better cognitive performance

...ors emphasize that these findings do not provide a justification for people to disregard their physician's recommendations with regard to medications for high cholesterol. Researchers next must consider individual elements of total blood cholesterol, such as LDL (low-density lipoprotein, commonly referred to as "...

Nursing mothers having surgery -- How long a wait to breastfeed safely?

...exposure to the drug that it provides insufficient justification for interruption of breastfeeding, Avram said. Studies of narcotic and benzodiazepine transfer into breast milk are under way at Feinberg and Evanston Northwestern Healthcare. Avram and co-researchers presented results of their study at the...

Violence in the media can lead to aggressive behaviour in young children

...y appraise what they see, in terms of its realism, justification and consequences. In this way caregivers can reduce the effect of violent imagery." He adds: "Producers also need to recognise the potential effects of their violent images on vulnerable audiences who might not have the capacity or the will to see vi...

Alcohol use and victimization among college women

...an walked down the street stark naked, that is not justification for someone to attack her, it really is the choice of the perpetrator." Both Parks and Collins acknowledged that the environment also plays a role in risk for victimization. "Assault is a violent crime of opportunity," said Parks, "so any envi...

Keyhole surgery for colorectal cancer offers same prognosis as conventional surgery

...dise survival and disease control of patients. The justification for adoption of laparoscopic technique would depend on the perceived value of its effectiveness in improving short-term post-operative outcomes"....

Sufficient evidence for reducing sugar intake to tackle obesity?

...d to less than 10% total energy, providing further justification for a guideline to restrict sugar intake that is a...tries. This report provides much of the scientific justification for the proposed WHO global strategy on diet, physical activity, and health. Jim Mann from the...

Improving informed consent for children in cancer treatment studies

...ring the thickness of the ice on which the ethical justification for this research rests." Dr. Sugarman is currently at the Phoebe R. Berman Bioethics Institute at Johns Hopkins University. ...

What you should know about statistics

...sed on the way these studies are done, there is no justification for concluding that cause-and-effect relationships exist, she said. For example, a recent study found higher suicide rates among women who have had breast implants. "People might like to conclude that breast implants are causing suicides," Utts said....

Judging performance impact of IT: Don't overlook actual usage, says O.R. study

...nology, managers are pressured to provide economic justification for their spending. A surge in the number of studies that examine IT's payoff reflects academia's attempt to provide this justification. The authors fault earlier IT studies that focus on technology investment only: merely examining the dollars spen...

In Health Affairs interview, Breaux outlines plan to cover uninsured

...to attract employees," he continues. "That's not a justification for it now, but the reality is that 163 million people in this country currently have it." Breaux also says he believes the elevation of Sen. Bill Frist (R-Tenn.) to Senate majority leader increases the chances of passage of competitive Medicare mo...

Athleticism and body weight tied to ALS and other motor neuron diseases

...of them do is unknown. We do know that there is no justification to avoid athletics in an attempt to avoid motor neuron diseases." Previous studies that looked at a possible association between heavy labor or competitive athletics and ALS were inconclusive. However, they involved much smaller sample sizes and did ...

Good practice guidelines for mothers after stillbirth 'unjustified'

...hould be respected. Our result suggest there is no justification for telling parents that not seeing their dead baby could make mourning more difficult, and that those who are reluctant to see and hold their child should not be encouraged to do so. We hope that our findings will stimulate further debate and resear...

Eficiency, feasibility of antiretroviral therapy in Africa demonstrated in IRD-coordinated surveys

... clearly that there is no clinical or virological justification for putting off the application of antiretroviral therapy programmes to Africa.(see scientific bulletin n157). The 30-month results have now been analysed and are to be presented during this Barcelona conference. The IRD has been conducting related e...

Studies often ignore domestic violence committed by women

...rayed in such a partisan and unscientific way? The justification for this slant in the domestic violence literature has been that female victims vastly outnumber male victims, writes Dr Chris Carlsten in an accompanying letter. Many data however suggest otherwise. For example, one study found that 86% of marital a...

The Lancet Neurology press release

... in the treatment of other human disease, there is justification for further preclinical studies leading to clinical trials for the treatment of neural injury such as stroke."...

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, October 2, 2001

...hat the small, uncontrolled study "provides strong justification for a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial," and, if high-dose cyclophosphamide proves to generate durable, complete remission in aplastic anemia, the drug has "broad implications for the treatment of many severe autoimmune diseases." An editori...

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, December 5, 2000

...ill, the editorial says, "there seems to be little justification for the drug's easy availability and unsupervised use." * * * Protein Erythropoietin Reduces Need for Transfusion After Hip Surgery (Article, p. 845)....

Study finds doctors often unaware that hospital patients have urinary catheters

...ompting the physician to check catheter status and justification often," Saint explains. "The placement and continuation of an unnecessary catheter has potentially serious consequences and thus jeopardizes the safety of a patient by needlessly exposing him or her to conditions that may cause harm. Saint and his c...

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