Tag: "labour" at medical news
DFG To Fund Four New Research Units
...reasing farming areas, the recruitment of external labour
and inter-farm machine use. This is the issue to be tackled by the interdisciplinary research unit "Information system for small-scale farm management - Drnast" at Munich's Technical University and Ludwig Maximilian University. At the Drnast experime...
Synchronise clocks to find the real millennium baby!
...he birth of the so-called "first millennium baby", labour
wards should ensure that all their clocks are set ...nd Dr Nigel Kennea report that in a study of their labour
ward, where 2,600 babies are delivered each year, all six clocks in the delivery rooms were slow by ...
New guidelines for ascertaining the relation between childbirth and cerebral palsy
...Only a minor part of cerebral palsy cases begin in labour
This weeks BMJ contains an international consen...hat the cerebral palsy was caused by events during labour
and whether these were reasonably preventable. Professor Alastair MacLennan, representing the Intern...
Study shows women more likely to have severe arthritis, less likely to undergo surgery
...ritis-related disabilities are forced to leave the labour
force because of their condition. The ratio for women compared to men with osteoarthritis is two to one; for rheumatoid arthritis the ratio is five to two. This study was funded by the Medical Research Council of Canada, the Arthritis Society of ...
Babies born at night are at greater risk of early death
... 1990 and 1998. A total of 57 early deaths (during labour
or within the first seven days of life) were found, reflecting the overall low risk of death of these births. However, babies born between 9pm and 6.59am - defined as night time births - were almost twice as likely to die as babies born at any other ...
Antiretroviral therapy around childbirth reduces risk of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
...abour, and post-delivery stages; the second during labour
and after delivery; the third group received therapy only during labour, and the fourth group was given placebo. The HIV-1 transmission rates from mother to child at six weeks after delivery were lowest for women given therapy before, during, and af...
Urgent action needed to improve maternal care in Latin America
...a caesarean section because of fear of substandard labour
care, including lack of pain control. Rich women ...tions to avoid what they considered poorer quality labour
care. The unequal distribution of medical technology has altered concepts of good and normal birthi...
No link between epidurals and backache
Epidural pain relief during labour
is not associated with long term backache, find researchers in this week's BMJ. An original study involved 369 women: 184 were randomised to receive an epidural and 185 were randomised to other forms of pain relief. All these women were then invited ...
Caesarean rates unaffected by level of nursing care
...o-one support from specially trained nurses during labour
does not reduce the likelihood of a caesarean deli...rom nurses specially trained in techniques to ease labour
pain and anxiety. The rest received usual care in which a nurse checked their progress periodically ...
Caesarean delivery of twins may prevent deaths
...t higher risk of death due to complications during labour
and delivery than first twins, but planned caesare...ound significantly increased risks of death during labour
and neonatal death among second twins born at term. No deaths were recorded among 454 second twins d...
Professorial Fellowships announced
... management and rural development, to planning and labour
market studies and has many years experience in the Middle East. Focusing on Africa, but with research also done in India and the Former Soviet Union, he has led a major Policy Research Project on the Social and Economic impact of HIV/AIDS. Professo...
Millions turn a blind eye to dangerous driving
...ci. And when it comes to glasses, many of us still labour
with the idea of NHS spectacle designs of the same era." "We know that half the UK population wear one form of vision correction or other," said Dr June McNicholas, "but if you thought the other half all have good eyesight, you'd be very wrong indeed...
Midwife shortages contributing to 'near misses' on labour wards
...ributing to adverse events and "near misses" on UK labour
wards, say researchers in this week's BMJ. The study took place on the labour
wards of seven maternity units in the north west of England. The lead researcher observed the organi...
Further evidence for effectiveness of nevirapine in reducing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
...of antiretroviral therapy to women at the onset of labour
and for a short period postnatally to the infant i...anda, were randomly assigned nevirapine (200 mg at labour
onset and 2 mg/kg for babies within three days of birth) or zidovudine (600 mg orally at labour
Antiretrovirals reduce mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission when started after childbirth
... sub-Saharan Africa where most women arrive to the labour
room without knowledge of their HIV status, and are too late to receive intrapartum nevirapine, a practical approach would be to test cord blood to identify HIV positive women, to administer nevirapine, and to start zidovudine prophylaxis."...
UK childhood blindness more common than previously thought
... and basic scientific research. The fruits of this labour
will have an effect worldwide, since the trends in childhood visual disability in the UK can, inevitably, be expected to be replicated in countries currently in economic transition."...
Women feel unprepared for operative deliveries
...ndergone operative delivery in the second stage of labour
at two UK hospitals between 2000 and 2002. Many women felt unprepared for operative delivery and thought that their birth plan or antenatal classes had not catered adequately for this event. "The emotional impact of the caesarean just wasn't dealt wi...
Caesarean delivery could increase risk of future stillbirth
...increases the risk of unexplainedstillbirth before labour
in the next pregnancy has the potential to redefinethe nature of the debate about the place of caesarean delivery in maternitycare. She concludes: "Smith and colleagues' paper also reminds us that whenwe wonder why preterm birth and unexplained antep...
Initial findings of first comprehensive study into ageing process published
...uality in health, wealth, social participation and labour
market activity amongst the older population. Professor Marmot said: "This study is tackling one of the most important research questions currently facing society: how do we provide for an ageing population? By investigating the relationships betwee...
Urgent action required to prevent 500k deaths/yr worldwide from pregnancy-related causes
...mplications (13%), eclampsia (12%), and obstructed labour
(8%). Many of these causes can be addressed by inv...he injection of oxytocin during the third stage of labour
could have a substantial effect in reducing morbidity and mortality from postnatal haemorrhage; the ...