Tag: "lance" at medical news

Balance and better interactions between primary-care and specialist physicians improve US health

Communities with more primary-care physicians have lower mortality rates, according to an analysis by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and New York University. The researchers also found that having more specialty-care physicians in a community did not have the same positive impact on health and that increasing the number of specialists would not improve the he...

The Lancet neurology press release

......Migraine is a very common neurological disorder affecting 15% of people from western populations. However, the mechanisms that cause migraine are poorly understood. Studies of families with migraine have identified a number of genetic loci that may have some role in the development of migraine. Anne Ducros (Hopital Lariboisiere, Paris, France) and colleagues review research on the genetics...

American Heart Association Comment: Lancet (Jan. 24, 1998) Report

. . American Heart Association Comment:Lancet (Jan. 24, 1998) report titled."Thrombosis prevention trial; randomized trial of low-intensity oral.anticoagulation with warfarin and low-dose aspirin in the primary.prevention of ischaemic heart disease in men and increased risk" . A combination anticoagulant treatment -- low-dose aspirin and low-dose.warfarin -- reduced the risk of heart att...

The Lancet calls for the creation of a world institute for risk evaluation

A commentary in this week's issue of THE LANCET is calling for the creation of a new organisation to measure and prioritise all major global threats to human survival....... As world leaders backed the proposal for an earthquake early warning system for the Indian Ocean in Jakarta last week, a unique opportunity to create a broader mechanism to determine human risks has arisen. ...... Gaining a...

The Lancet calls for creation of Int'l Commission on Global Responses to Complex Emergencies

This release is also available in <a href="http://www.eurekalert.org/staticrel.php?view=LancetIKz...">German. ...The international community is failing to coordinate and strategically plan aid for the tsunami-struck regions of south Asia, comments this week's editorial in THE LANCET....... The devastation wreaked by the south-Asian tsunami has kick-started an unprecedented global response and le...

JAMA editors call for major restructuring of postmarketing surveillance system

In an editorial in the December 1 issue, JAMA Editor-in-Chief, Catherine D. DeAngelis, M.D., M.P.H., Executive Deputy Editor, Phil B. Fontanarosa, M.D., and Deputy Editor Drummond Rennie, M.D., write "Physicians and patients expect that when medications are prescribed correctly for labeled indications and are used as directed, these medications generally will have beneficial effects and will not...

Getting the fluid balance right in malaria

Every year around a million people, mainly small children, die of malaria. Dehydration is thought to contribute to fatal cases of the disease and, hence, doctors often give fluids to treat very ill children. However, research published on October 19, 2004, in the new open access journal PLoS Medicine suggests that children with severe malaria may not be as badly dehydrated as was previously thoug...

Majority of authors retract 1998 Lancet paper-Lancet editor points to implications

This statement refers to the Early Report "Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children," published in The Lancet in 1998. It is made by 10 of the 12 original authors who could be contacted. It should be noted that this statement does not necessarily reflect the views of the other co-authors....... was the first description of an un...

Int'l surveillance system suggests 2002 gastroenteritis outbreaks from new variant norovirus

The increase in severe outbreaks of gastroenteritis in 2002-including the notorious outbreaks on US cruise ships-were probably a result of a new variant of norovirus, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET....... Ben Lopman from the UK Health Protection Agency and European colleagues analysed data collected through a collaborative research and surveillance network of viral...

Emergency cardiac monitoring strategy tested in ambulances

A new UCSF-designed strategy for hastening treatment for heart attack victims is being tested in a mountainous California county where drive times to hospitals are often long. Since August, all ambulances in Santa Cruz County have been equipped with sophisticated cardiac monitors that can send vital data directly by cell phone to the emergency department of the receiving hospital.... ..."Ever...

Vibrating insoles could improve balance for elderly people

US researchers report in this week's issue of THE LANCET that the use of...vibrating insoles could improve the balance of elderly people--with...implications for an eventual reduction in falls and consequences such as...bone fractures.... ...The somatosensory nervous system (providing touch and position sense)...deteriorates with age, and is associated with the impairment of physical...balance. J...

Sensory cells for hearing and balance are fast-developing, UVA researchers find

CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va., Sept. 14 The functional development of hair cells in the inner ear that mediate hearing and balance takes place over a period of just one day in mouse embryos, according to a study by a research team at the University of Virginia Health System.... ...The U.Va. scientists found that three essential elements for development in the mouse inner ear appear between day 16 and day...

Should ambulance crews perform emergency breathing procedure?

A study in this week's BMJ questions whether ambulance crews can master the skills needed to provide emergency intubation (passing a breathing tube down the throat of severely injured patients) before they reach hospital....... Researchers in Denmark identified 220 severely injured patients who were intubated out of hospital by a mobile emergency care unit, staffed with an anaesthetist, between 1...

Researching a workout device to help keep the balance system in shape

HOUSTON (June 24, 2003) Astronauts on extended missions go into space with a spring in their step but rarely return from the International Space Station (ISS) walking steady....... "We want to develop a training device to counter the effects while in space and help astronauts recover more quickly upon return to Earth," said Dr. Jacob Bloomberg, a researcher on the National Space Biomedical Rese...

The Lancet Oncology (TLO)

Billions of dollars are currently being spent on the search for effective drugs that will stop disease before it happens. Advances in genetic testing are providing more opportunities to find out which diseases people are likely to be at risk of developing--but this knowledge has put huge pressure on the medical profession to come up with ways of avoiding disease altogether. This month's leading e...

The Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)

The average life expectancy throughout developed countries has rapidly increased during the latter half of the 20th century, and geriatric infectious diseases have become an increasingly important issue. Gatan Gavazzi and Karl-Heinz Krause (Department of Geriatrics, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland) explain in a review in the November issue of TLID how infections in the elderly are not on...

The Lancet Neurology November press release

It is well known in media circles that including the word "sex" in a headline is a sure-fire way of attracting the attention of potential readers. It is understandable, therefore, why a paper published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (JNNP) entitled "Is multiple sclerosis a sexually transmitted infection?" was well covered by the UK media on Sept 19. Unfortunately, howev...

Lancet readers to join WHO election debate

This week's issue heralds the start of THE LANCET's coverage of the build-up to the election of a new Director-General of the World Health Organisation (WHO)-and Lancet readers are being invited to join the debate about who should be proposed as the next WHO leader....... Gro Harlem Brundtland's announcement in August this year that she would not stand for a second term as Director-General of WHO...

The lancet infectious diseases (TLID) October press release

... ...Otitis media (middle-ear infection) is a common infectious disease of early childhood; an estimated 20 million cases occur in the USA annually. This review assesses the impact of antibacterial treatment, commenting on how clinicians may become mislead by drug treatment as otitis media often resolves naturally within a few days of infection; the growing problem of widespread antibiotic res...

The Lancet Oncology press release

...... This months Leading Edge editorial examines the recently published US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) 10-year in-the-making report on the toxic effects of diesel exhaust fumes from large vehicles. The report-which showed that large cities are heavily polluted with emissions that are associated with increased risk of lung cancer-has clear public-health implications for a political...

D.C. surveillance system considered a model for early disease detection

An automated tracking system that receives data from all military medical facilities in the Washington, D.C., area could serve as a model for designing a national system for detecting outbreaks of diseases and biological terrorism.... ...As described in the October issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the system, known as Electronic Surveillance System for Early Notification of...

The Lancet Neurology October press release

...Can we predict whether an individual with a severe personality disorder will commit murder? Should compulsory treatment in the community be introduced? In a draft mental health bill, which was under consultation until September 16, the UK government has proposed a number of changes that have caused widespread concern. The government's intention is to protect the vulnerable in society; but in...

The lancet specialty journals press releases

THE LANCET ONCOLOGY (TLO) ......OVERWEIGHT, OBESITY, AND CANCER RISK ......A review in this month's issue highlights how excess body weight is directly associated with cancer risk at several organ sites, including colon, breast (in postmenopausal women), endometrium, oesophagus, and kidney. Authors of the review suggest that these associations with cancer risk may be explained by alterations in...

The Lancet Neurology press release

...... Mobile phone ("cell phone") use has dramatically increased over the last decade, but doubts remain over its safety. Potential health effects of mobile phones range from headache, sleep disturbance, and increased blood pressure, to cancer of the brain-the area of the body most exposed to low levels of radio frequency radiation emitted by handsets. This month's Leading edge discusses some o...

The Lancet Oncology (TLO) and the Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)

This month's Leading Edge editorial discusses the difference between perception of risk and the actual risk by drawing upon two recent examples: breast cancer and the pill, and cannabis smoking and cancer risk. In both situations, scientific evidence does not appear to be affecting the public's misperception of absolute risk, and more worryingly, in the case of cannabis smoking, even nationwide p...

The Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)

This month's issue gives extensive coverage to tuberculosis ahead of the World TB Congress taking place in Washington D.C. from June 3-5....... News desk - Findings from the WHO's 6th annual report on global TB control-This report states that around 70% of TB cases still remain undetected and that expanding directly-observed treatments (DOTs) in endemic countries, together with a huge cash injec...

The Lancet Oncology (TLO) June 2002

This review highlights how death from cancer in central-eastern Europe is still rising, despite the fact that cancer deaths for the whole of Europe have been falling over the past decade. Differences in lifestyle and environmental exposure are the most likely causes of cancer death in central-eastern European countries, which are linked to political, social, and economic inequalities. Lajos Dbros...

Drug prescribing by nurses in the UK - Editor of the Lancet urges caution

The contentious issue of drug prescribing by nurses is assessed by Richard Horton, Editor of THE LANCET, in a Commentary in this weeks issue of the journal. He concludes that UK government plans to introduce unrestricted prescribing rights to nurses over the next few years could have serious consequences in the provision of health care. ...... Richard Horton comments: "Nurse prescribing offers...

The Lancet Neurology press release

Although rabies kills more people every year (50 000 worldwide) than dengue virus, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis combined, it receives little attention and is at the bottom of the WHO's "top ten" of infectious diseases. A review in this month's TLN highlights the horrific clinical picture of rabies and covers the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of the disease. ... ...This month'...

The Lancet Oncology (TLO) and The Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)

...... ... The first review in this months TLO reviews the epidemiological evidence linking cancer incidence as a result of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear explosion in the Ukraine. Most studies have focused on malignant diseases in children, specifically thyroid cancer and leukaemia. Authors of the review argue that there is good evidence to suggest that rates of thyroid cancer in children from the...

The Lancet Neurology launched

THE LANCET NEUROLOGY (TLN), the third monthly specialty review journal from THE LANCET Publishing Group, is launched this month. Building on the success of THE LANCET ONCOLOGY and THE LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES, TLN will provide clinicians and researchers with up to date information on the latest developments in neurology. Each issue of TLN will include: five reviews, written by some of the most...

The Lancet Oncology and The Lancet Infectious Diseases

THE LANCET ONCOLOGY... ...THE TRUE COST OF A NUCLEAR DETERRENT ... ...This months editorial covers the recent leaked report from the US Department of Health and Disease Control, showing the patterns of nuclear fallout across the US resulting from Cold War testing. The editorial discusses the impact of these data on cancer incidence and the worldwide effects of nuclear testing on the general popul...

Demand for emergency ambulances has risen

Demand for emergency ambulances in the United Kingdom is rising. A study in this weeks BMJ examines the reasons for this rise.... ...Researchers analysed emergency ambulance dispatches using a randon sample of records held by Wiltshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust. They identified details of 6,100 calls relating to 5,821 incidents over a nine year period.... ...The proportion of incidents in respo...

Energy balance, not exercise, key to athletic menstrual disturbance

University Park, Pa. - Female athletes often lose their menstrual cycle when training strenuously, but researchers have long speculated on whether this infertility was due to low body fat, low weight or exercise itself. Now, researchers have shown that the cause of athletic amenorrhea is more likely a negative energy balance caused by increasing exercise without increasing food intake. ... "A g...

UPenn Cancer Center receives two-year $500,000 grant from Lance Armstrong Foundation to establish cancer survivorship program

.PHILADELPHIA, PA - The University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center today announced receiving a two-year $500,000 grant from the Lance Armstrong Foundation (LAF). The grant will be used to develop a new model of care for long-term survivors of cancer. . .The goal of the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center survivorship program, called Living Well After Cancer, is to help reduce the physical an...

Parents benefit by accompanying children on ambulance trips between hospitals

.Philadelphia, Pa. In a change in practice at one large pediatric hospital system, parents are now routinely asked if they wish to accompany their children on an ambulance trip between two hospitals. The change reflects recent studies of parent experiences and attitudes by an emergency physician at The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia, which showed that far more parents felt reassured after a...

Range of medical equipment carried in UK front line ambulances varies considerably

. . . .. . . The range of medical equipment carried by front line ambulances varies considerably across the UK, finds a study in Pre-Hospital Immediate Care.. . A survey of all 39 UK ambulance services showed that while they all carried basic equipment, there were significant discrepancies and areas of poor provision. Only one in five routinely carried nasopharyngeal airways, used t...

Researchers find jail-based surveillance screening useful in monitoring HIV and sexually transmitted disease epidemics

.A study by the San Francisco Department of Public Health, conducted at the San Francisco County Jail, has found that anonymous HIV screening of jail inmates offers an opportunity to track the epidemic in at-risk groups, particularly those who traditionally under-utilize health care services. . ."This type of screening, called sentinel surveillance, offers an early warning system to monitor the...

Properly securing trunk crucial in ambulance transport

. Paramedics could reduce the potential of further injuries to passengers by improving standard immobilization procedures used during transport, according to a study in the journal Spine.. . Properly immobilizing the trunk is just as crucial as securing the head, says Dr. Stephen Perry, a research fellow at Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Science Centre (SWCHSC) who led the study as a PhD...

Annual UNC-CH study shows state gaining health providers, but big imbalances remain

. CHAPEL HILL - Almost everything you want to know about the supply of.doctors, nurses, dentists and other health-care providers in every North.Carolina county - plus a lot you probably never thought to ask - appear in a new.booklet published by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Most.health professions are increasing faster than the state population, research.indicates.. ....
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