Tag: "later" at medical news

Sexual lifestyles vary among ethnic groups in Britain

... men and women reported fewer sexual partnerships, later first intercourse, and substantially lower prevalence of diagnosed STIs than did other groups. White women reported higher levels of risk behaviours than other ethnic groups, but were less likely to report STIs than black Caribbean and black African ...

UMaine study looks at infants and chronic nighttime crying

...p, are variable or changed between sleep onset and later in the sleep period." In the research paper, Fukumizu and Hayes say, "We are arguing that neither co-sleeping nor separate sleeping quarters matters fundamentally. Rather, it is the consistency in sleep site from the transition to sleep throughout th...

The trust game: Measuring social interaction

...ase their trust or investment on the next move. By later rounds, the timing of that response changed so that his or her intention to trust occurred before the completion of the previous round. The technique holds promise for understanding diseases such as autism in which the ability to form models of the...

Brain activity prior to treatment flags vulnerability to antidepressant side effects

...unction changes during brief placebo treatment and later side effects during treatment with medication. The study's unique design compares brain function changes in healthy research subjects with no history of depression while taking an antidepressant vs. placebo, a pill with inactive ingredients. In addit...

Unexpected benefit seen in treating HER-2 breast cancer with new preoperative drug combo

... it before surgery, so that when breast tissue was later removed, they could look for evidence of an effect. The trial they designed was the first to compare preoperative use of Herceptin and chemotherapy against use of chemotherapy alone in patients with operable breast cancer, Buzdar says. Patients enrol...

OHSU scientists test medication to treat involuntary weight loss

...le into the first stages of human clinical testing later this year." "While a lot of attention is paid to the country's obesity epidemic, researchers at OHSU also investigate the other side of weight regulation which is not as well-publicized -- extreme weight loss," said Roger Cone, Ph.D., director of t...

Suppressing the cells that trigger cat allergy

...ch debate about exposure to pets in early life and later development of asthma and allergy. Some studies ha...gested that keeping pets actually protects against later allergy - i.e., that early exposure may somehow modify an individual's immune system to tolerate spe...

RIT takes eye-tracking research to next level

...capability for lightness; data recorded outside is later processed in the lab. Developing wearable eye-tracking technology has long been one of Pelz's goals. His own research received a boost from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in 2002, which established a cooperative agreement with Pelz's lab to dev...

UNH launches 2nd spinout company with NIH grants

...n with MRI in humans. The testing is scheduled for later this year with Sam Patz, a collaborator at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. "The pressure is on now," said Hersman. "The world has been waiting long enough for a diagnostic procedure for lung health, so we're scrambling to provide that." Hersm...

Simple intervention encourages sun protection behaviors

...ion behaviors. The students were contacted a month later in a "surprise" telephone follow-up, of which they had not been informed. "Neither the intervention alone nor the intervention plus sunless tanner use significantly reduced these [previous] already low sunbathing rates" the authors report. "However, ...

Donor age has no affect on long-term liver transplant survival

...ine tended not to develop severe fibrosis, even if later discontinued; acute hepatitis C was an independent factor associated with worse fibrosis. "Donor age did affect survival, but only during the early critical post-operative period, but not survival after 3 months, despite having in our cohort 30 perce...

Obtaining patient consent for clinical audit is unworkable without extra resources

...xplanation and an information sheet. Then 24 hours later (or before discharge) they were asked for signed consent. Factors that might influence the chance of consent being given, such as age, illness severity, and length of hospital stay, were also assessed. Consent was obtained for 43% of admissions, only...

The European Society of Cardiology launches Women at Heart

...n trends of men's. Women tend to get heart disease later than men due to the cardioprotective effects of oestrogen that plays an important role up until the menopause. However, after the menopause, the risks increase significantly and need to be delicately managed. In many women, the onset of heart diseas...

Epidemiologist Trichopoulos receives $5.8 million Department of Defense 'Innovator Award'

... glands of female fetuses. During cell division in later life, mutations in this broader pool of cells are associated with increased risk for breast cancer. Larger mammary glands have more cells at risk. The size of mammary glands is not reflected in breast size, which is largely determined by body fat. Th...

US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say

... a decline in life expectancy in the United States later this century. That prediction, which is based on the dramatic rise in obesity, especially among young people and minorities, is from a special report appearing in the March 17 issue in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study determines that ob...

New hand-held information system for emergency responders

...nd downloaded. A desktop version will be available later this spring, and a web-based version is also being developed. NLM is collaborating with regional and local emergency response organizations and using their feedback as input for future enhancements to WISER. For example, NLM is working with CapWIN, ...

Will your kids grow up to be fat?

...high normal weight range may have adverse outcomes later in life, and our challenge may be even greater than we thought," said Matthew Gillman, senior author on the paper and associate professor of ambulatory care and prevention at HMS. "We must focus not only on the most obese kids but also on those who a...

Women less likely to get quality heart attack care

... who tend to develop the condition and its effects later in life. Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of both men and women. Some previous studies by other researchers have found that doctors are less likely to deliver evidence-based medical care -- the foundation of quality improvement effort...

Decreased levels of 'good' cholesterol in children with Progeria may cause premature heart disease

...Progeria, children with Progeria in their mid- and later years have decreased levels of HDL cholesterol--or "good" cholesterol--and adiponectin, a hormone that regulates the metabolism of fat and sugar. Both factors work to remove fat from plaques in arteries, and the lower levels may contribute to accele...

Emotional memory study reveals evidence for a self-reinforcing loop

...s involved in recalling an emotional memory a year later have found evidence for a self-reinforcing "memory loop" -- in which the brain's emotional center triggers the memory center, which in turn further enhances activity in the emotional center. The researchers said their findings suggest why people subj...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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