Tag: "light" at medical news
Experimental drug improves sleep in older patients, Wake Forest Baptist study shows
...elderly are more easily awakened by noise, pain or light
and tend to have difficulty sleeping for extended periods and achieving deep, restful sleep states," McCall said. "As a result, elderly adults often get less sleep than they need, leading to increased napping or diminished next-day functioning, which...
Kadian alleviated chronic pain in patients unsuccessfully treated with well-known therapies
...r of times they need to take their medication. In light
of the current national debate on abuse of prescription drugs for pain, we believe this data should impact the treatment of pain on the clinical level." Some Patients Who Exceed Recommended Doses of OxyContin or MS Contin Find Relief with Kadian A ...
Wavefront LASIK demonstrated superior to conventional LASIK
... contact lenses. Wavefront-guided LASIK analyses light
that is reflected from the back of the patient's eye, to see how the light
is distorted by visual errors in the eye itself. Special equipment then makes a custom treatment pl...
Electromagnetic breast imaging tested as alternative to mammography
...lood flow in the breast and how the tissue absorbs light
and stores and conducts an electrical charge. These properties help researchers estimate specific breast characteristics, which differ in normal and diseased tissue. "This study was the first stepping stone in our ongoing research to gain a better u...
Acute diverticulitis occurring more frequently in younger patients in urban U.S. populations
...ording to Dr. Daly, the results were surprising in light
of what is commonly understood about this disease. "Traditionally, acute diverticulosis has been considered a disease of the over 50 year age group. Many radiologists and other physicians do not recognize that acute diverticulitis is now a disease t...
Alternative/supplemental breast imaging methods tested
...er and blood than regular tissue. * NIR: Infrared light
is sensitive to blood, so by sending infrared light
through breast tissue with a fiber optic array, the researchers are able to locate and quantify regi...
Study finds bupropion may be effective smoking cessation aid for women
...essant medication bupropion may help women who are light
smokers maintain abstinence at rates similar to th...upropion was more effective for heavy smokers than light
smokers. WHAT IT MEANS: These findings indicate that bupropion may be an effective treatment for wom...
Bupropion, counseling may help youth with ADHD stop smoking
...in treating nicotine dependence in adolescents. In light
of the limited options available for treating nicotine dependence in youth, future studies of the efficacy of bupropion that are randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled may be warranted. Dr. Himanshu Upadhyaya and his colleagues published ...
Researchers discover new clinical syndrome leading to severe osteoarthritis
...search Society in San Francisco in March, may shed light
on cartilage breakdown and forms of osteoarthritis. The researchers uncovered two mutations involving the FRZB ("frisbee") gene located on chromosome 2, which has been implicated in familial osteoarthritis. In previous laboratory studies done elsewh...
Anemia associated with disability and poorer physical performance
... eight other activities, including shopping, doing light
housework, and preparing meals. "Participants with anemia reported an average of 1.7 disabilities, compared to an average of 1.0 for the non-anemic subjects," said Penninx, who was an associate professor at Wake Forest Baptist at the time the researc...
Alzheimers disease - recent discoveries pave the way toward new treatments
...ntia," will highlight recent discoveries that shed light
on the processes underlying the memory loss and other cognitive deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease. The presentation is part of "Frontiers in Clinical Neurosciences PlenarySession: Beyond the Decade of the Brain," during which several scien...
Canadian doctors don't know costs of prescribed treatments
... those drugs often offer no clinical advantage. In light
of the fact that pharmaceuticals are the fastest growing cost in health care, this area requires further attention, Allan said. Allan added that past research shows doctors want more cost information, and that if they had this information it w...
Research study profiles indoor tanners
...rcher Michael Stepp. Stepp, a widely-published UV light
researcher who is also CEO of Wolff System Technol...t regular, responsible and moderate exposure to UV light
from natural or artificial sources is important to well-being, natural vitamin D production and di...
Improvements in prescribing medications for hypertension results in better outcomes and cost savings
...chers "evaluated every antihypertensive regimen in light
of the clinical history of each patient and then estimated the potential cost savings to the health care delivery system that could have been realized through adherence to evidence-based recommendations." "The patients studied filled more than 2.05 m...
Successful therapy for head and neck cancer may lead to long-term circulatory problems
...f health advisories, younger Americans continue to light
up in bars and restaurants. What many do not realize is that tobacco and alcohol combined contributes to head and neck cancer. While this is not one of the more common cancers, it is among the deadliest. Malignancies in this region of the body are...
Aha! Cognitive neuroscientists reveal creative brain processes
... But what is really going on in the brain when the light
bulb goes off? For one thing, a striking increase in neural activity in a specific area of the right hemisphere, according to a recent study by a team of cognitive neuroscientists including Mark Jung-Beeman and Edward Bowden of Northwestern Universi...
Eye disorder that can cause blindness is high among people with type 1 diabetes mellitus
...ayer of cells at the back of the eye that converts light
into signals, which are sent to the brain via the optic nerve where they are translated into images. Monique S. Roy, M.D., of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey New Jersey Medical School, Newark, and colleagues estimated the prev...
Bright clothing and white helmets cut motorcycle deaths
Wearing reflective clothing, a white or light
coloured helmet, and using headlights during the d...se of reflective or fluorescent clothing, white or light
coloured helmets, and daytime headlights are simple, cheap ways to increase the visibility of motorc...
End of life ICU use may require re-evaluation according to University of Pittsburgh study
... estimates of the magnitude of this situation." In light
of their findings, the researchers are concerned that hospitals and intensive care units (ICU) are not prepared to deliver end-of-life care to the population older than 65 years, which is rapidly expanding. The researchers analyzed hospital discharge...
Cell research uncovers intriguing clues to 'Trojan horse' gene in HIV infection
... she discovered in the current study. By shedding light
on additional genetic culprits in HIV infection, her studies may provide clues to new treatments. Future drugs could target the proteins that help HIV survive. Many steps, and years of work, separate this knowledge from the development of actual ther...
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