Tag: "limb" at medical news

Preventing Stroke: The Choice Between Aspirin And Warfarin

...using suddenblockage of arterial blood supply to a limb or body organ (blood clots are thecause of 80 percent of all strokes). Investigators found that the rate ofischemic stroke or embolism among these patients was 2.2 percent a year, onlyslightly higher than the 1 percent rate experienced by the genera...

Study: Birth Defects Decrease Survival, Childbirth, Boost Risk Of Similar Defects

...left palate, 82; cleft lip, 38; clubfoot, 5.5; and limb defects, 5.6,"the authors wrote. The Norwegian Research Council supported the new study....

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Researcher To Present Five Scientific Sessions At 51st Annual Meeting Of American Academy Of Neurology

...on on chromosome 22. SCA10 causes loss of gait and limb control,speech impairment, involuntary movement of the eyes, and epileptic seizures. Two of Dr. Pulst's scientific presentations will be devoted to providinginformation from new studies on SCA2. Dr. Pulst served as one of the leadscientists in the 19...

New gene therapy may allow patients to 'grow' their own bypass around blocked leg arteries

...eral arterialocclusive disease (PAOD), or critical limb ischemia. The therapy encodes theFGF1 gene, an angiogenic growth factor. The study is sponsored by RPR Gencell,the gene therapy division of Rhône-Poulenc Rorer. "The growth factor gene, which will be injected into the leg muscles ofst...

Patient empowerment could improve diabetes care

...otent and approximately 50% of non-traumatic lower limb amputations are the result of nerve damage due to diabetes. (4) Despite this, the results of a major UK survey of over 450 individuals with diabetes indicate that only half of individuals receiving oral anti-diabetic drugs are concerned about future ...

High brain centres teach lower brain to adapt to injury

...emoving sensory input to thethalamus from the hind limb of laboratory rats, causing the cells of thethalamus to change their properties. This is known as plasticity, a process bywhich cells modify their properties in response to the removal of sensory inputfrom another part of the body. "The cortex appea...

Minimally invasive surgery for morbid obesity has favorable outcomes, according to University of Pittsburgh study

...l segment of intestines by constructing a Y-shaped limb of small bowel. Patients lose weight because there is a decrease in caloric intake resulting from the reduced reservoir capacity of the small gastric pouch. This creates a sense of satiety when only a small quality of food is consumed. Furthermore, t...

New research shows major sleep disturbances overlooked in management of patients with Parkinson's disease

...t. Actigrapy, the second test discussed, measures limb motor activity and circadian variations by use of ...as been developed to more accurately measure motor limb activity occurring in PD. PD is characterised by a delay in starting movements, increased time to c...

Study: Ripped aortas kill often, but new knowledge may aid survival

...rops in blood pressure, altered consciousness, and limb paralysis, often mimic those of other cardiovascular conditions - resulting in delayed diagnosis. Only when patients reach an emergency room and undergo tests and scans can the cause be spotted. According to UMHS cardiology professor and ACC presente...

Brain's efforts to save itself during Alzheimer's may backfire

...ercent fewer cholinergic neurons in the horizontal limb of the diagonal band of Broca, similar to what happens in humans with Alzheimers. "These mice are an example of a model of at least part of the Alzheimers syndrome," Mufson said. "Now that we have this model, we can study the effects of the overexpos...

Japanese chemist wins U.S. award for molecular discoveries

... a highly effective sedative, the other a cause of limb defects in developing infants. After his 1996 discovery, Noyori said, "the chemical community worldwide started to develop a range of asymmetric reactions along this line." The organic chemist himself is an inventor of a widely applicable controller ...

Diet and exercise dramatically delay type 2 diabetes

...d States. It is the main cause of kidney failure, limb amputations, and new onset blindness in adults and a major cause of heart disease and stroke. Type 2 diabetes accounts for up to 95 percent of all diabetes cases. Most common in adults over age 40, type 2 diabetes affects 8 percent of the U.S. popu...

Mayo Clinic study finds radioactive drug samarium hopeful new treatment for osteosarcoma

...eatment but in a majority of patients the affected limb can be saved with limb-sparing surgery. Patients typically also receive eight to 12 months of chemotherapy as part of their treatment plan. In about ten percent of patients, surgery or chemotherapy cannot adequately control osteosarcoma. For these pa...

Many obese youth have condition that precedes type 2 diabetes

...diabetes. It is the main cause of kidney failure, limb amputations, and new onset blindness in adults and a major cause of heart disease and stroke. Type 2 diabetes accounts for up to 95 percent of all diabetes cases. Most common in adults over age 40, this form of diabetes affects 8 percent of the U.S...

Stroke survivors have brittler bones, more likely to fracture

...studies have shown that regional osteoporosis of a limb paralyzed by stroke occurs rapidly after immobiliz...ut an arm on that side to cushion the fall. Lower limb dysfunction and visual impairment also make them more likely to fall. Stroke patients who break thei...

Continued disruption of movement among alcoholics despite abstinence

... cerebellar hemispheres. These five measures were limb ataxia (alternated finger tapping and variants of ...or an abnormally small speed/accuracy trade-off in limb movements." Martin said it's likely that women are actually much more sensitive to brain damage asso...

UF research: For stroke recovery, two therapies better than one

...with mild electrical stimulation to their affected limb regained significantly more motion than those who ...lish alternate pathways that activate the impaired limb to replace those disrupted by stroke damage and to boost the body's control so the arm can move thro...

A helping hand: Healthy arm helps retrain stroke-impaired arm

...he controls," had physical therapy on the affected limb without the aid of electrical stimulation or bilat...We supported the theory that moving the unimpaired limb along with the impaired limb is better," Cauraugh says....

Angiogenic therapy offers promise for reducing claudication

...ial disease. Therapeutic angiogenesis in the lower limb would be especially attractive when revascularisation is not feasible or has failed, or when the risks of critical ischaemia and distal amputation are high."...

Vaccination delays onset of prion brain disease in mice

...characterized by progressive dementia and abnormal limb movements and affect people as well as animals. Prions cause mad cow disease in cattle and scrapie in sheep. Humans can get a number of different prion diseases, including variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD). The vaccine approach...

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