Tag: "manual" at medical news

NHS stop-smoking services are insufficient to deliver national smoking targets

...nd Wear. These areas have populations dominated by manual workers and contain some of the worst health and deprivation in the country. Research showed that smoking cessation services in the region for 2003-4 reduced smoking rates by 0.1%-0.3%. If the trend continues, the study predicts that Stop-Smoking Se...

Neurobehavioral function during coma, stroke rehabilitation effective for elderly

...weekly group and individual CBT sessions. The IVIP manual helps people with schizophrenia to think more positively about themselves and work and differs from other CBT programs in that it seeks to enhance social and work function. Stroke patients over 75 receive health benefits from rehabilitation therapy...

Forensic dentistry key in identifying victims of tsunamis, other disasters

...r craniofacial reconstruction are usually based on manual modeling and standard soft-tissue depth tables. More recent developments in computer-aided 3-D imaging and ultrasound applications for soft-tissue depth registrations may offer new diagnostic tools for craniofacial reconstruction. The symposium will ...

Slow growth in infancy signals poor economic prospects in adulthood

...ht at the age of 1 was twice as likely to be doing manual work in adulthood as a boy who had been over 80 cm in height at that age. Those who grew slowly as infants tended to achieve lower levels of education than those who grew more quickly, prompting the authors to wonder if slow physical growth might als...

Rebuilding wounded veterans: Annual review of limb loss & prosthetics research

...that might be used with the device without further manual adjustments of the alignment. Pg. 555 Literature review reveals huge gaps in prosthetics research Investigators report the results of a literature review on the effects of prosthetic components on human functioning with a lower-limb prosthesis. T...

Quality of in-hospital CPR may fail to meet guidelines

...y generate better hemodynamic characteristics than manual chest compressions. Another solution is to improve...nitoring and feedback to reduce human error during manual CPR, by using devices such as [a certain type of] CO2 monitors and 'smart defibrillators', which can...

American Thoracic Socety journal news tips for December 2004 (first issue)

...nderwent a second sleep test (polysomnography) for manual CPAP pressure determination (titration). The second group received information on the autoCPAP, and then slept at home to determine effective pressure. The third group had optimal pressure estimated from a published equation. A total of 82 percent...

Computer reads heart condition from X-ray images

...fter a slight interaction from the user, being the manual definition of the aorta position and the lowest point of the heart, the computer automatically determines the contours in these two phases of the cardiac cycle. Subsequently, the regional wall motion and the global function of the heart are derived. ...

Exercise for special populations, sensory research, factors impacting rehabilitation top issues

... ASR is to reduce fatigue and pain associated with manual input. A main concern with ASR is inconsistent recognition. The average satisfaction with ASR was greater than neutral, but not overwhelmingly positive. Results suggest that a typical user may enter about 16 wpm with ASR, but speeds as low as 3 wpm a...

Childbirth and disasters discussed in July/Aug issue of Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health

...'Giving Birth in Place,' an authoritative resource manual from the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM). In JMWH's July/August issue, readers will find several other items of interest related to international health: The ACNM Home-Based Lifesaving Skills (HBLSS) program helps families and home bi...

Robotic technology teaches spinal cord injury patients to walk again

...obility. "I wasn't getting near these results with manual gait training," Mr. Benefield said. "It's just a night and day difference. I could walk for hours, if they'd let me. The therapy has been really good, and it's such a good feeling when you come off it." Researchers are recruiting patients with spinal...

Supplement use growing among children and adolescents

...e Holistic Pediatrician," a comprehensive resource manual for the many complementary and alternative forms of care available. She is the Caryl J. Guth Chair of Holistic and Integrative Medicine at Brenner Children's Hospital. Paula Gardiner, M.D., from Children's Hospital at Harvard Medical School in Boston...

Human studies show feasibility of brain-machine interfaces

...ed in Neurosurgery, the researchers added a simple manual task to the surgical procedure. While brain signals were recorded using the novel 32-channel electrode array, the 11 volunteer patients were asked to play a hand-controlled video game. Subsequently analyzing the signals from these experiments, the te...

Teen-rated video games loaded with violence

...tertainment to children. The Enter the Matrix game manual contained a $3 rebate toward the purchase of The Matrix DVD. Other T-rated video games contained a character based on an adult film star and music from albums that received Parental Advisory Labels, leading the authors to recommend that the Federal T...

UC San Diego scientists unveil pilot project for automated monitoring of animal behavior

...a vivarium," said Belongie. "But it is an entirely manual process, so there are limitations on how often observations can be made, and how thoroughly those observations can be analyzed." Belongie put together an interdisciplinary team to develop the hardware and software for automated, 24-hour-a-day monitor...

Manual techniques may ease tough deliveries without need for episiotomy

..., so cutting the soft tissue is controversial. If manual techniques alone can be used to deliver the baby, ...her episiotomies (cutting a wider opening) without manual techniques or manual techniques without episiotomy to finish delivering the baby. Of the 40 ep...

Electrical stimulation in patients with paralysis and spinal cord injury

...ogram would improve cardiorespiratory endurance in manual wheelchair users, with and without upper-limb impairment. Twenty-seven manual wheelchair users completed a 12-week monitored home exercise program, which included biweekly visits...

Freezing technique kills majority of small malignant breast cancers

... says. She notes that if the mass can be felt by a manual breast exam, this may also be a favorable factor for cryoablation. She also stresses that the initial success of the technique in malignant cancer does not mean that cryoablation should be seen as a final treatment yet. Patients in the trial, and th...

Key feature of HeartMate II heart assist device developed at University of Pittsburgh

...w. Other approved and experimental devices require manual adjustments. The implant launches a U.S. pilot trial to test the safety and potential effectiveness of the HeartMate II, a miniature rotary pump with axial flow bearings, for patients with end-stage heart failure. Made by Thoratec Corporation, the de...

Automatic CPR device dramatically improves cardiac arrest survival in Stanford animal study

... were treated with both the AutoPulse and standard manual CPR. One group received the AutoPulse first and the other received manual CPR first. The researchers found that the device restored blood pressure better than manual compress...

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