Tag: "measured" at medical news
Research on nerve cell circuitry reveals clue about schizophrenia
...gues injected the RGS4 protein in a nerve cell and measured
"calcium current," a marker for the levels of neurotransmitters released by nerve cells. They found that the protein increased levels of neurotransmitter, suggesting that RGS4 helps nerve cells communicate better with each other. Their study of nerve...
Location of body fat important in predicting heart attack risk
...g. At the beginning of the study, the researchers measured
total body fat as well as fat distribution (waist-to-thigh ratio, waist circumference, and intra-abdominal or visceral fat). Participants were contacted every six months for the next 4 years to collect data about hospitalizations or major outpatient ...
Exercise for special populations, sensory research, factors impacting rehabilitation top issues
...he swing phase, and hip extension and flexion were measured
to compare the different knees. Although prosthetic gait with the prototype showed no significant variation in individuals at different speeds, volunteers had increased stability and ease of swing with the prototype. Most residual limb changes ...
Elderly experience long-term cognitive decline after surgery
...ter surgery and two years after surgery. The tests measured
patients' abilities in four domains: psychomotor and mental speed, verbal learning, cognitive filtering and attention/concentration. After determining the rates of cognitive decline, Monk then compared the outcomes of the 59 percent of patients who e...
Early disclosure: Post-operative radiotherapy improves progression-free survival in prostate cancer
...owing radical prostatectomy. The outcome was first measured
by assessing the biological progression-free survival measured
by the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood (time to twice confirmed PSA* increase ...
Skin sterol provides new information about heart disease risk
...The accumulation of sterol in the skin tissues, as measured
by the PREVU* Point of Care Sterol Test, provides ...skin sterol, specifically skin tissue cholesterol, measured
non-invasively, may have value in stratifying patients with established CAD who have been treated wi...
Scientists detail latest advances in development of prosthetic devices for paralyzed
...cts moved. At the same time, electrodes on the arm measured
their arm muscles' electrical activity, or EMG. Together, this information was used to "train" the control system. While the training input arrives simultaneously from the glove and the muscles, the "self-learning" computer integrates this informati...
Marijuana-like compounds may aid array of debiliating conditions ranging from Parkinson's to pain
...lowing the onset of disease signs. The researchers measured
disease progression by testing how long the mice could stand on a slowly rotating rod. The more severe their nerve cell degeneration, the less time the mice can balance on the rod. In addition, two conditions of ALS, the loss of movement ability and ...
New insights into hormone therapy highlight when estrogen best aids brain
...a new object. On the second day, the investigators measured
how long the mice spent examining the new object. Because mice have a natural tendency to explore novel objects, mice with good memory for the original objects should spend more time examining the new object. Again, mice in the control and continuous...
Sleep disorders often indicate multiple health conditions
...e on a scale of 0 to 24, and attention deficit was measured
by the Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Symptom Checklist, on a scale of 0 to 36. Following treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the average ESS score for patients with sleep apnea improved significantly, from 11.6 to 2.7, and th...
Malaria vaccine trial
...fficacy of only 10%. However, the immune response, measured
one week after the third vaccination, was 80 times higher in the DNA/MVA vaccine group than in the rabies vaccine group. "It is absolutely crucial that results like these are published, since the failures, as well as the successes, need to be docume...
Study finds nearly 60% of American adults may have elevated blood pressure
...may be on the verge of suffering the condition, as measured
by recently revised high blood pressure classifications. The finding, reported in the Oct. 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, comes from nationally representative health data analyzed by two University of Illinois at Chicago researchers. ...
Advances in understanding brain circuits responsible for tics in Tourette's shed light on disorder
...aking study, investigators have for the first time measured
the number of neurons in a particular area of the ...ermine if the size of any basal ganglia structures measured
before the age of 14 predicted their outcome years later as they entered adulthood. Based on the ear...
High-fat diets hammer memory, more than a waistline worry
...14 days. The investigators then measured
levels of CREB phosphorylation, a measure of cellular tolerance to stress and of the ability to generate memory under situations of hypoxia, in different brain region. Rats in the normal oxygen group that ate a diet low in fats but high in complex ca...
Researchers monitor progression of Parkinson's disease by studying molecular changes in brain
...of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine on a study that measured
the molecular changes in the brains of PD patients over a 7.5-year time span that began during the early stages of the disease. The study used single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to image the loss of dopamine transporter binding.(While...
Long-term study demonstrated ADDERALL XR is an effective option to treat adolescents with ADHA
...anagement of ADHD in adolescents. Investigators measured
adolescent patients' symptoms using two efficacy m...nician-administered ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS) measured
at baseline, weekly (short-term) and monthly (long-term) intervals. The ADHD-RS assesses the 18 ind...
Physically fit children appear to do better in classroom, researchers say
...hampaign's Unit 4 school district, the researchers measured
the physical fitness of some 500 third-, fourth- a...earchers as a reliable field assessment tool, they measured
subjects' aerobic capacity, flexibility and muscle fitness. Cognitive function was determined by an...
High fiber intake reduces estrogen levels in Latina women, say Keck School of Medicine researchers
...vels of estrone and estradiol, two female hormones measured
in blood, drop sharply. In addition, the researchers say, they found that as dietary fat intake increased in the women studied, so did the hormone levels. "However, when dietary fiber and fat are both included in the statistical model, only dietary f...
Case Western Reserve University finds relaxation therapy reduces post-operative pain
...minutes after surgery. The patient's pain was then measured
with Visual Analogue Sensation and Distress of Pain Scales, which are 100-millimeter horizontal lines on which the patient marked the amount of hurt in the abdomen, from none to most sensation and the amount of emotional upset, from none to most dist...
Mayo Clinic finds effective treatment with minimal side effects for non-renal lupus
...to mycophenolate mofetil. Response to the drug was measured
by reduction in dosage of prednisone, a commonly prescribed medication for SLE; scores on the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure, a widely used disease activity instrument; and in the level of double-stranded DNA, which is a marker for SLE. Patient and ...
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