Tag: "mechanical" at medical news
Pitt marks 50th anniversary of its Salk polio vaccine with reunion, scientific symposium
...adults. The most critically ill were confined to a mechanical
ventilator known as an iron lung, robbed of their ability to breathe on their own. Others escaped on crutches, crippled but not paralyzed. Panic was pandemic. It is almost impossible to exaggerate the terror that polio caused at the time. The initia...
NJIT taps into solar energy to power new campus center
...es that convert sunlight to electricity, bypassing mechanical
generators. PV stands for photo (light) and voltaic (electricity), whereby sunlight photons free electrons from the silicon surface. When photons from the sun's rays hit the silicon surface of a solar cell, they are absorbed by the electron of the...
Student identifies electrical changes preceding heart failure
...bances occurred in two distinct phases relative to mechanical
abnormalities. The early changes involved a delay ...The early electrical changes likely contributed to mechanical
abnormalities of the heart, and the later changes were a consequence of the compromised mechanical
News briefs from the journal CHEST, March 2005
...and in all but one case, a successful way to avoid mechanical
ventilation. The study appears in the March issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians. Anemia Common in Patients With COPD In the first-ever study on anemia frequency and its pathophysiology in patient...
A shallow hip socket predicts osteoarthritis of the hip
...age, gender, hormones, as well as body mass index, mechanical
stress. In addition, a developmental condition kn...ng women, as well as associated with a high-stress mechanical
workload and a low BMI. ...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (first issue)
...lar to that for ALI and ARDS. In these illnesses, mechanical
ventilation with a low tidal volume strategy here has been shown to improve survival in these patients. OVERWEIGHT IS SIGNIFICANTLY ASSOCIATED WITH ASTHMA IN FEMALES In a cohort of New Zealand children who were followed from birth to age 26, overwe...
'Artery clearing' system does not provide benefit for patients undergoing PCI
...lness of distal microcirculatory protection during mechanical
reperfusion therapy in acute myocardial infarction...in AMI, and its routine use in patients undergoing mechanical
reperfusion therapy cannot be recommended. Multiple explanations may be proposed as to why distal mi...
Pioneering nanosystems degree wins approval
...apper; Dr. Hisham Hegab, an associate professor of mechanical
engineering, and others involved in devising the new program Rea called "timely and innovative." Tech President Dan Reneau said the program will tap the strength of the university's unique combination of lab resources, interdisciplinary research, and...
Researchers model brain's electrical storm during a seizure
...EEG)," said Andrew Szeri, UC Berkeley professor of mechanical
engineering and applied science and technology, and principal investigator of the study. "But in the brains of epilepsy patients, the spreading of a seizure is made manifest by strong coherent waves of electrical activity in the cortex." To model th...
Computer model being developed at Stanford may help surgeons better predict patient outcomes
...esses. Charles Taylor, PhD, assistant professor of mechanical
engineering and of surgery at Stanford University, is using his engineering expertise to try to take the guesswork out of predicting surgical outcomes. For the last decade, Taylor has been taking the detailed information of diagnostic imaging tools l...
Lack of specific collagen type leads to osteoarthritis
...much softer and the joints did not respond well to mechanical
pressures. The joint looked as if it osteoarthriti... have a better understanding of how changes in the mechanical
forces on the cells may lead to degeneration of the cartilage." For their experiments, the team comp...
Florida Tech scientist wins patent for device to deliver X-ray irradiation
.... Kunal Mitra, Florida Tech associate professor of mechanical
and aerospace engineering, have just been assigned... and doctoral degrees in aerospace engineering and mechanical
Northwestern Memorial Hospital receives $10 million commitment to support preeminent heart program
...estern Memorial," says Dr. McCarthy. The LVAD is a mechanical
pump that augments the function of the left ventricle, the heart's most critical pumping chamber. Recent studies have revealed that the LVAD may be useful as long-term therapy for heart failure, rather than just a temporary bridge to transplantation....
Engineers develop biowarfare sensing elements for future highly sensitive nerve-gas detectors
...rs has been developed by a research group led by a mechanical
engineer at The University of Texas at Austin. The...ower consumption, said Shi, assistant professor of mechanical
engineering. The thinner a metal-oxide sensor becomes, the more sensitive it becomes to molecules th...
Binghamton University launches microelectronics research center
...lothing. Directed by Bahgat Sammakia, professor of mechanical
engineering and director of Binghamton University's Integrated Electronics Engineering Center and its Small Scale Systems Packaging Center, the CAMM will evaluate equipment and materials developed under the auspices of USDC, industry or its own R&D p...
Views from space help oil prospectors see deep underground
...e receivers with the ground," Laake recounts. "The mechanical
energy generated by a vibrator truck is only useful if it gets converted into elastic energy in the ground. And elastic energy coming back out of the ground must be converted into electrical signal in order to be measured, so here we must have good c...
Transparent orthodontic brackets by microinjection
...ss, what is on offer at present is poor as regards mechanical
resistance, ageing, resistance to hydrolysis, etc.... the use, as base material, of a polymer with high mechanical
properties but of poor injectability, and the employment of microtechnologies as a means of manufact...
New method to fix cleft palate shows promise in Mayo Clinic lab study
...istraction osteogenesis, a procedure that uses the mechanical
force of an appliance to lengthen soft tissue and bone, may be a feasible and effective method to repair cleft palate in the future. Cleft palate is a common birth defect in which a child is born with a gap in the roof of the mouth. This condition oc...
Rebuilding wounded veterans: Annual review of limb loss & prosthetics research
...and fitting by providing information comparing the mechanical
performance of different liner products. May/June 2004 (Volume 41, Number 3B) Pg. 453 Smoking, foot care linked to self-efficacy in people with amputations Investigators describe the extent to which veterans with a nontraumatic, unilateral lower-li...
Quality of in-hospital CPR may fail to meet guidelines
...ng to improve poor CPR quality. The first involves mechanical
devices that can provide chest compressions reliably at a set rate and depth. These devices may generate better hemodynamic characteristics than manual chest compressions. Another solution is to improve monitoring and feedback to reduce human error d...
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