Tag: "methods" at medical news

Chronic pain treatments more effective when taken together, new study shows

...iabetic neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia the methods used in this trial could be employed in studying other chronic conditions such as cancer, spinal disk disease, and the pain experienced after chemotherapy and mastectomies, Dr. Gilron notes. "The numbers of people affected are staggering, and the im...

HIV testing should be routine part of primary health care for sexually active

...ission has continued to increase relative to other methods of transmission. Approximately 250,000 people in the United States infected with HIV do not know they are infected, according to the Foundation for Retrovirology and Human Health. "Based on an extensive review of the current state of HIV infection, w...

Vaccine against childhood pneumonia shows promise

... the comparability of results because of different methods used in reading radiographs. The Gambian trial had a higher reduction of incidence of radiological pneumonia and is the first to show a reduction in hospital admissions and overall child mortality....

US attempting to flout ethical practice for patient trials abroad

...st proven prophylactic, diagnostic and therapeutic methods identified in the study" and places some limits on the use of placebos in developing country studies. Current FDA regulations require studies submitted in support of a new drug application to have been done in a manner consistent either with the Decl...

Treatment of cardiac lesions without anaesthesic

... health costs. Suitability There are a number of methods used in the percutaneous treatment of congenital cardiac defects. Specifically, a number of years ago, the Cardiological Intervention Unit incorporated the "Amplatzer" occluder system for closure of patent ductus (congenital communication between the...

Risky surgery not always necessary to treat cervical disease

...s chemoprevention and vaccines. A review of these methods is published in the latest issue of the Internat...that all infected tissue has been eliminated. New methods such as chemoprevention and vaccines (used to treat and also prevent) now present possible cures wit...

WISE study starts in Toulouse: 60 days of bed-rest for terrestrial female astronauts

...arth, advancing knowledge and pointing to improved methods of assisting recovery by bedridden patients. Studying the early effects of reduced activity on a molecular level is expected to provide further evidence of the benefits of regular exercise in the prevention of conditions like type 2 diabetes and high...

College alcohol problems exceed previous estimates

... of that estimate to about 1,500 deaths. The same methods were used to calculate the 2001 estimates in the current review article. Dr. Hingson and colleagues from the Schools of Public Health at Boston University and Harvard University gathered information about drinking and its consequences among college s...

Countywide forecasts of water use available for Illinois, Midwest

...er demand drives in each sector. These forecasting methods also could be used to project water use based on locally available data sources." Planners also need to be prepared for periods of drought, when water supply diminishes and water demand increases, Winstanley added. The second report analyzes the reg...

Doctor suggested cannabis for pain relief, says one in six medicinal users in the UKMUHC study

...rity of users (82 per cent) smoked the drug. Other methods included eating it (43 per cent) and making cannabis tea (28 per cent). 916 reported average usage levels, with the largest percentage (27 per cent) using one to two grams per day. Only two per cent used 10 or more grams a day and seven per cent us...

Blacks less likely to get expensive, newer heart treatments

...plications are for such disparities, and the best methods to implement evidence-based guidelines so that all clinicians have the blueprint for treatment of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome and such racial disparities can be eliminated. "If everyone is well aware of the evidence and treats every pa...

New ways to design safer & more effective topical (transdermal) drug delivery announced in the PNAS

...ermal, cosmetic and pharmaceutical products. "The methods used in this research not only increase our ability to create effective new CPEs, but they also will expand our ability to evaluate potential new CPEs for safety and efficacy," said Mitragotri. "By enhancing our ability to deliver drugs topically, w...

Ethical discussion should come before research

...on begins, especially in the case of potential new methods for creating human embryos for research, according...om ethical restraints placed on human embryos. The methods being studied cannot currently create embryos that can become viable beings. Jones and William P. Ch...

Genetics important in age-related macular degeneration

... fraternal) twins provide one of the most powerful methods for determining heritability (the relative contribution of genes versus environment). Johanna M. Seddon, M.D., Sc.M., of Harvard Medical School, Boston, and colleagues surveyed 840 male twins from the National Academy of Sciences-National Research C...

Simple blood test may help to predict cardiovascular risk in older women

...yte [white blood cell] count automated measurement methods are well standardized and precision excellent. There is little information on the variability of leukocyte count in individuals over time, but from limited data, the within person compared with between-person variability is similar to that of cholest...

New fingerprint visualization method uses X-rays to reveal missing clues

...ts, the scientists say. Traditional fingerprinting methods involve treating samples with powders, liquids or ...de a valuable complement to it. Unlike traditional methods in which fingerprints can often be photographed at the crime scene, the new technique currently requ...

Forensic dentistry key in identifying victims of tsunamis, other disasters

...s of dental data is still one of the most reliable methods of human identification. Nevertheless, some disasters, including massive fires, may destroy most of the dentition, leaving little dental information for comparison with dental records. Therefore, other diagnostic approaches have been developed. Trace...

Age shouldn't be a factor in kidney transplantation

...tta's research, however, found that by using newer methods to match the kidney with the recipient, the ages o...oup. Stratta said a key to success is using newer methods to match donated kidneys to recipients. In the past, kidneys were matched exclusively by blood and t...

Houston meeting kicks off collaboration to advance cancer research

...ts for clinical development and to investigate new methods for diagnosing and treating cancer. Imperial hopes to expand its range of research programs and further contribute to the improvement of healthcare globally. According to John Mendelsohn, M.D., President of M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, the agreement...

Sex selection popular among infertile women

...child -- known as family balancing -- provided the methods are safe and effective. The tricky part for physicians will be determining if families want to choose the sex of their child for family balancing or for other reasons, Jain said. "As the techniques gain more popularity, physicians will have to decide...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... cancer care respects the fact that a patient,s ... requires treatment. Over a third of cancer patients ... of their conditions. And, increasingly, care providers are ... patients navigate mental health challenges. A University of ... journal Psycho-Oncology asks an important question: ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... The development of minimally and even non-invasive technologies is ... for instance, to carry out a range of operative ... scalpel, leaving only tiny scars as a result. Similar ... active agents to patients – instead of using injections ... be possible to supply them via a plaster which ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... certain prostate cancer medications are linked with an increased ... congestive heart failure or prior heart attacks. Published in ... and patients weigh the benefits and risks of the ... levels of male hormones in the body to prevent ... treatment for prostate cancer. Despite its anticancer effects, ADT ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... and outer body and organ surfaces in the human ... in the inner ear," said Moritz Gegg. Cilia – ... are precisely positioned on many of these epithelial cells. ... coordinated so precisely that for example mucus can be ... from sensory inner ear hair cells," added Heiko Lickert. ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... NY (October 27, 2014)—Although oral hormonal therapy is ... women with hormone receptor–positive tumors, about one-half of ... A study by Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) ... aromatase inhibitors (the most common type of hormone ... brand-name counterparts, increased treatment adherence by 50 percent. ...
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