Tag: "mortality" at medical news

Report in Circulation urges a closer look at cardiotoxicity of cancer drug trastuzumab (Herceptin)

...e, like many cancers, is a progressive disease and mortality remains high despite improvement in symptoms, writes Dr. Feldman. According to the report, the warning label in the package insert suggests that the drug should be discontinued in patients with a "clinically significant" decrease in ventricular funct...

Kidney transplant proposal reduces wait from 24 to 14 months, improves equity for blacks & women

...imes until transplantation because they have lower mortality rates as dialysis patients, they have a blood type...Caucasians because they are younger and have lower mortality rates while waiting for an available organ transplant. This higher likelihood of transplantation all...

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science: animal study points to new method for halting life-threatening blood pressure decline during septis

...emy of Sciences. Sepsis has a 30 to 50 percent mortality rate and is the leading cause of death in non-coronary intensive care units. Septic shock represents an extreme situation in which the body's immune system goes into overdrive and attacks an infection with all possible means. Damaged in the process...

Novartis receives FDA approval for LESCOL XL 80 mg

...ESCOL or LESCOL XL on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined....

Injured children have higher survival rates at pediatric trauma centers than at adult trauma centers

...treated at adult trauma centers. For instance, the mortality rate for all pediatric injuries was 3.6 percent at pediatric trauma centers, compared to 8 percent at level I adult trauma centers, and 4.7 percent at level II adult trauma centers (level I indicates more comprehensive services than level II). Furth...

Mammography programs show benefit

...cer screening by mammography reduces breast cancer mortality by up to 40% in women aged 50-69 years. These results led 22 countries, including Canada, to established population-based screening programs by 1998. In this issue of CMAJ, Dr. Franoise Bouchard and coworkers report on the 1996 screening results for...

Claims-based measurement shows many Medicare patients do not receive necessary care

... delaying care, poorer health outcomes, and higher mortality rates. The recent push for cost containment in health care -- including managed care, fee restraints, and utilization review - has introduced the possibility that even fairly mainstream insured populations may encounter barriers to use of needed ser...

AstraZeneca reaffirms belief in CHARM study

... significant effects of an AT1-receptor blocker on mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure when ...sition Atacand as the therapy capable of improving mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure. The RESOLVD pilot study3 demonstrated that Atacand in...

Post-cesarean delivery dilemma: to cesarean again, or not?

...uptures and rupture-related neonatal morbidity and mortality also increased during that period and several high...e most recent available estimates of morbidity and mortality rates for mothers and babies associated with trial of labor compared to elective repeat cesarean del...

Wider use of beta-blockers after heart attacks could save thousands of lives at a reasonable cost, new study shows

...he model has been validated by comparing predicted mortality against actual mortality and has been shown to predict outcomes within two percent. The National Center for Quality Assurance...

O.R. model could reduce high death rate among kidney dialysis patients by up to 20%

...dney dialysis patients could reduce America's high mortality rate for those with the disease while containing b...s. Experts suggest two explanations for the higher mortality rate: one, the larger number of critically ill patients accepted for treatment in the US compared to...

Common heart failure drugs can be safely used at higher, more effective doses, study says

...tors have been proven in clinical trials to reduce mortality in heart failure patients, a majority of physicians who prescribe these drugs use lower doses than were shown to be effective in clinical trials, Massie said. These doctors have been concerned that the drugs might dangerously lower patients' blood p...

Diabetics at greatest risk of complications after re-opening arteries

...ix months after PTCA was associated with increased mortality most notably in a subgroup of diabetic patients w...levance, and is one of the strongest predictors of mortality in the diabetic population, regardless of the usual risk factors like age, left ventricular ejection...

Teenagers, drinking and driving: a quick trip to the grave

...-year-old youth in the United States, according to mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. More than one quarter of the drivers killed in crashes had been drinking. While all school-based alcohol prevention programs strive to minimize alcohol use and/or misuse, little is known about th...

Study: Ripped aortas kill often, but new knowledge may aid survival

... the first branch leading to the arms, the overall mortality of 11 percent was higher than expected. But the study doesn't include enough data on how patients with different symptoms, risk factors and treatment fared to allow doctors to make an accurate model of patient survival that could guide future treatme...

The nations leading liver researchers to reveal findings in hepatitis C, liver transplantation, toxicity in AIDS patients

... ribavirin. MELD scoring system not predictive of mortality in patients waiting for liver transplantationThe M...age Liver Disease (MELD) has been shown to predict mortality in patients undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt surgery and in those with cirrh...

HRT pills, patches and heart disease risk factors

... examine whether HRT reduces risk of morbidity and mortality in women without preexisting coronary disease are not yet available. Furthermore, the relatively recent introduction of the estrogen patch means that its long-term impact on the risk of coronary events in postmenopausal women is also unknown. Until...

UC Davis study: fewer Californians dying of lung cancer, pulmonary disease as smoking decreases

...ent in 1988. For his study, Leistikow scrutinized mortality statistics from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1979-97. Although age-adjusted lung cancer rates declined nationwide late in that period, declines in lung cancer rates were disproportionately high in California. "Lung can...

Beta-blocker shown to be ineffective in patients with advanced heart failure

...EST study is that bucindolol reduced all causes of mortality by 10 percent, it was not a significant reduction....nonblacks had a nominally significant reduction in mortality while taking bucindolol, while black patients did not. The black patients enrolled in the study were...

University of Pittsburgh leads major national study on treating patients who have diabetes and heart disease

...e alone or in combination with surgery in reducing mortality in this population. "The percentage of Americans who have been diagnosed with diabetes has doubled over the last 20 years, and that trend is expected to continue, partially due to the increase in obesity and sedentary lifestyles, said Katherine Detre...

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