Tag: "mothers" at medical news

MTCT-Plus makes HIV treatment a reality for poor countries

... However, these programs offer no HIV care for the mothers themselves. The tragedy is that most of the children saved by MTCT programs are likely to be motherless by the time they can walk. "MTCT-Plus is an major step towards bridging the gap in access to care, treatment, and support," said Peter Piot, exec...

Good practice guidelines for mothers after stillbirth 'unjustified'

...st that guidelines introduced in the 1980s to help mothers overcome the death of a stillborn child do not app...guidelines were changed in 1985, recommending that mothers should see and hold their stillborn child to help them come to terms with their loss. Patricia Hughe...

Infant mortality rate drops, children more likely to have working parent, be read to

...s extremely good news; children born to adolescent mothers are more likely to be of low birth weight-and at r...e in the percentage of children living with single mothers who are employed, which increased from 33 percent in 1993 to 50 percent in 2000, according to the re...

Reduced breastfeeding in western countries makes major contribution to incidence of breast cancer

...en who did not develop breast cancer (2.6). 29% of mothers who developed breast cancer, compared with 21% of those who did not develop breast cancer, had never breastfed; of those women who did breastfeed their children, women who developed breast cancer had a shorter lifetime duration of breastfeeding (arou...

Researchers discover shift in organisms causing early-onset sepsis in low-birth-weight infants

...the rates of early infection between infants whose mothers received antibiotics during labor and delivery and those who did not, mothers of infants with ampicillin-resistant E. coli infections were more likely to have received intrapartu...

Prenatal zinc supplementation could impair childhood mental development

...iour. The mental development of 168 infants (whose mothers received either 30 mg per day of zinc or placebo d...ct on growth and morbidity, and supplementation of mothers was associated with reduced morbidity in low birthweight infants in this study, our findings complic...

Complex physical learning may compensate for prenatal alcohol exposure, study shows

...ound both increasing rates of drinking by pregnant mothers and FAS in the last 15 years. "The disorders associated with fetal exposure to alcohol are, by far, the leading known cause of mental retardation and developmental delay in this country and most others," said study co-author William T. Greenough, Swa...

When moms smoke, certain kids are more vulnerable

...ially susceptible to respiratory problems if their mothers smoked during their pregnancy, according to preventive medicine researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC. Children with a common genetic variant who were exposed to maternal cigarette smoke in the womb were significantly more likely to have ...

Physical, mental health illnesses hinder low-income families' economic security

... were surprised at the high rate of poor health of mothers and other family members," Skinner says. "For the most part, these families do a tremendous job of piecing together services for their children and garnering the emotional and physical resources needed to support their families. However, these effort...

Researchers pinpoint pain responses in newborns

...e infants' blood sugar levels as they were born to mothers with diabetes and were exposed to higher levels of...he control group were matched to those of diabetic mothers on birth characteristics such as weight, gestational age, gender and type of delivery. After 24 hou...

Essential fatty acids in mothers diet affect infants sleep patterns

...d by more mature sleep patterning in infants whose mothers had higher concentrations of plasma DHA. Because ...and body movements during sleep cycles. Infants of mothers in the high-DHA group demonstrated more mature sleep patterns, characterized by a lower ratio of act...

Heart, heart-lung and lung transplant recipients can have successful pregnancies

...are premature or at low birth weight. He adds that mothers who have health problems going into a pregnancy generally are at greater risk to have some deterioration in health. "Some transplant centers have advocated waiting at least two years to become pregnant until the organ graft function is stable and t...

Drug protects fertility, offspring in mice after radiation exposure

... them with normal males. Surprisingly, S1P-treated mothers delivered normal litters, and the offspring appear...ocytes, the researchers retrieved oocytes from the mothers treated with S1P and radiation, and found no significant damage. Then they checked the progeny to s...

Study: Closeness to mother can delay first instance of sexual intercourse among younger teens

...ers are less likely to start having sex when their mothers are involved in their lives, have a close relation...draw from interviews with more than 3,000 pairs of mothers and their teens. The findings were reported today in a monograph by University of Minnesota research...

Cat exposure increases asthma risk for children of asthmatic mothers

...id, there is a subgroup of children -- those whose mothers have asthma and, perhaps, those whose mothers are allergic to cats -- who should probably avoid cat exposure." Children with documented cat allerg...

A new method for assessing neurological development of fetuses?

...EG), in which a light conductor is passed over the mothers abdomen to stimulate a visual response from the fetus; the corresponding fetal brain activity can then be measured. 180 light flashes within a six-minute period were targeted at ten fetuses aged between 28 and 36 weeks, of whom four showed brain res...

New medical study finds safe, effective relief for morning sickness in unique honey ginger tonic

...A new medical study offers good news for expectant mothers facing the difficult choice of treating the nausea and vomiting of early pregnancy with things like soda, crackers or crushed ice, which are only marginally helpful, or trying prescription or over-the-counter medications, which may have potential sid...

New test predicts pregnancy problems long before they happen

...nstitutes of Health, about 7 percent of first-time mothers and 1 to 2 percent of mothers having subsequent pregnancies develop preeclampsia. Usually, a pregnant woman with preeclampsia deve...

Most definitive study of its kind shows that sleeping on the stomach increases infant SIDS risk

...rlottesville. For the control group, 64 percent of mothers said that a doctor or nurse had advised them after...ancy. The study relied primarily on the ability of mothers and family members to recall events regarding the infant's last sleep. The study authors noted that...

Parents stress may affect behavior in children with heart defect

...e more likely to have behavioral problems if their mothers and fathers find parenting highly stressful. While the researchers anticipated this finding, they did not predict another observation: that reported rates of problem behaviors and levels of parenting stress are no higher, and possibly lower, in famil...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... at the University of California, San Diego School of ... who have suffered a recent major loss are more ... adults. , The study is published in this month,s ... . , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better ... offer insights into ways to improve the outcomes of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... created a new technology for modifying human cells ... body and selectively target cancer and other sites ... monitor and modify human physiology is a promising ... technology enabled bioengineers to build such devices that ... a customized fashion. , "The project addressed a ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... cause of neuronal death in Parkinson,s disease is still ... be mistaken for foreign invaders and killed by the ... diseases like type I diabetes, celiac disease, and multiple ... April 16, 2014, in Nature Communications . , ... Parkinson,s disease; but if true, it could lead to ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization ... published a comprehensive review today examining the current state ... The review calls for improved global surveillance strategies to ... recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa that has ... of Guinea and Liberia. According to the World ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 2014) Population Council scientists and their partners have ... and can prevent the transmission of multiple sexually transmitted ... animals: HIV, herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2), and human ... data that the gel is effective against multiple strains ... the vagina against all three viruses of at least ...
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