Tag: "mothers" at medical news
July/August 2003 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...a from 2001 indicate that 58 percent of low-income mothers
and 53 percent of African-American mothers
initiate breastfeeding. By six months only 21 percent of low-income and 22 percent of African-Americ...
Haemophilia carriers have a reduced risk of ischaemic heart disease
Decreased blood clotting protects mothers
of haemophiliacs against ischaemic heart disease c...er, Netherlands, investigated more than a thousand mothers
of people with haemophilia living in the Netherlands. The women were followed-up until death or the ...
Mayo Clinic study reveals new fathers struggle with obsessional thoughts too
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Both fathers and mothers
have distressing thoughts after the birth of a bab...ntamination. Of those who responded, 69 percent of mothers
and 58 percent of fathers reported having these types of thoughts. "Everyone occasionally has thoug...
Nevirapine sustains advantage over AZT during breastfeeding period
... drug nevirapine (NVP) soon after birth--and whose mothers
took one dose of the same drug during labor--were ...g assistance programs, including NVP treatment for mothers
and their infants, in countries such as Kenya, Uganda, Cameroon and Rwanda. In the United States, HI...
Further evidence for effectiveness of nevirapine in reducing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
A follow-up study among mothers
with HIV-1 and their infants in this week's issue ...n to help prevent vertical HIV-1 transmission from mothers
to newborn children in less-developed countries. The provision of antiretroviral therapy to women at...
Study finds music can ease labor pain
...e was to not give analgesic medication to laboring mothers
because of its effect on the infant. "These findings have significant implications for women preparing to give birth," Good said. "Many women are afraid of the pain associated with childbirth, but are reluctant to take medication because of its poss...
First study to show link between children's solid tumours and their mothers' breast cancer
...ing of international cancer experts that among the mothers
of 2,604 children who were diagnosed with a solid ... boy. There were 51 cases of breast cancer amongst mothers
of younger children, while only 34 were expected (an increased risk of one half), and 64 cases of br...
Fetal surgery for spina bifida shows early benefits in leg function, fewer shunts
...risks to the mother. "Following the fetal surgery, mothers
remain in the Philadelphia area so we can monitor them closely until they deliver," said Dr. Johnson. Dr. Johnson and his co-authors note in the study that they followed a "highly selected" population. The team did not operate on fetuses in whom feta...
Rejection really hurts, UCLA psychologists find
... consistent with past research on mammals. Hamster mothers
with damaged cingulates no longer take steps to keep their pups near and infant squirrel monkeys similarly affected no longer produce a spontaneous cry when separated from their mothers. In human mothers, fMRIs have shown that infant cries increase a...
Antiretroviral therapy after birth decreases mother-to-child HIV transmission
...inister when compared to giving antiretrovirals to mothers
during pregnancy. "Short post-exposure prophylaxi...s, explained that nevirapine is typically given to mothers
prior to delivery and to the baby after birth to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In Sub...
Antiretrovirals reduce mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission when started after childbirth
...ive in preventing vertical HIV-1 transmission from mothers
to their children. Zidovudine and nevirapine have ... for wider use to prevent transmission of HIV from mothers
to babies. In settings such as sub-Saharan Africa where most women arrive to the labour room without...
Improving physical fitness, insulin sensitivity may help latino children at risk for type 2 diabetes
...lerance was especially common among children whose mothers
developed type 2 diabetes during pregnancy, also called gestational diabetes. "We knew this was a high-risk population, but the extent of these risk factors and the magnitude of the health problems was bigger than we expected," says Goran, associate...
Daycare will not reduce child poverty
...ntial to reducing family poverty because it allows mothers
with young children to enter paid employment. The study involved 120 mothers
and 143 children (aged between 6 months and 3.5 years) living in Hackney, London. Children were rand...
Resurgent rickets - Call for vitamin D supplementation for pregnant women and children
...n D supplementation, particularly for babies whose mothers
are vitamin D deficient; reduced opportunities for production of the vitamin in the skin because of female modesty and fear of skin cancer; and the high prevalence of rickets in immigrant groups in more temperate regions. Nick Bishop comments: "A sa...
Childhood obesity and behavior problems linked
...ational data from an intensive long-term survey of mothers
and children conducted by the U.S. Department of Labor. "This demonstrates solidly for the first time what we have suspected for years from clinical experience, that there is an association between behavior problems and obesity, and that a child with...
Nicotine metabolite may improve memory, protect against disease
...e dangers of smoking. One such study suggests that mothers
who smoke during pregnancy may be putting their ch...lopment-- the same kind of exposure that occurs in mothers
who smoke during pregnancy -- disrupts normal nicotine receptor activity, much like the knockout mut...
Survival improves in clinical trial for severe birth defect, with or without fetal surgery
...including a 1994 NIH study at UCSF - fetal surgery mothers
and infants got all their care from one highly-exp... context of the trial. He credits the courage of mothers
and families who came to UCSF seeking fetal surgery. "Our patients learned that we had developed a ...
Potential low-cost options for monitoring HIV-1-infected children in less-developed countries
...den is unacceptable. Children born to HIV-infected mothers
who fail one of the interventions for peripartum mother-to-child transmission of HIV are an obvious target, assuming early diagnosis of paediatric HIV is widely implemented with the same low-cost technologies. Older children in the same families shou...
Breastfed infants show little effect when moms take anti-depressant
...urse without showing meaningful effects from their mothers
taking 20-40 mg of the anti-depressant fluoxetine ...ngs on 11 breastfed infants before and after their mothers
took Prozac for eight weeks. The infants were four weeks to 12 weeks of age during the study. "Ten o...
Emory and CDC scientists explore why most breastfed infants of HIV-positive mothers resist infection
...he majority of breastfed infants with HIV-positive mothers
remain uninfected, even after months of exposure. Investigators at Emory University School of Medicine, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Emory Vaccine Center, and the University of Paris reviewed the scientific literature to pinp...
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