Tag: "negative" at medical news
Quality patient care not met by blanket screenings, warns UCSF/SFVAMC physician
...ere illnesses, making the physical risks and other negative
aspects of colorectal cancer screening outweigh the benefits. For example, she said, the dire health of patients with metastatic prostate cancer and end-stage renal failure increases the risks of colorectal cancer screening, which include perforation...
Exercising after menopause may help reduce bone loss
...the article, exercise can help prevent some of the negative
consequences associated with menopause, such as bone loss, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, or chronic diseases, such as diabetes. Wolfgang Kemmler, Ph.D., of the University of Erlangen, Germany, and colleagues investigated the effects of ...
New research shows reasons for smoking vary
...c smoking, the need to smoke even when knowing the negative
health effects, the use of smoking to enhance mental activity, and emotional attachment to smoking. Components of the WISDM-68 also predicted relapse to smoking during a quit attempt. The motives most connected to smoking relapse were automatic smo...
UCI Tobacco research center reports why teens are most vulnerable to smoking addiction
...ccur during adolescence. Teens may not feel the negative
effects of nicotine as strongly. Another chemical...act of all smoking-cessation efforts. People with negative
moods or naturally aggressive personalities are more likely to become addicted to nicotine. These "b...
Research hones in on therapies and diagnosis of bowel diseases
... months, no evidence of CD developed, leading to a negative
predictive value for the capsule study of 100 percent in this setting. In groups C and D, researchers discovered positive diagnostic findings on capsule endoscopy in 18 of 33 patients. "Based on our research, we believe that capsule endoscopy may ...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for May 2004 (second issue)
...37 (85 percent) converted their sputum cultures to negative
values, but 25 (15 percent) failed to convert. In an editorial in the same issue about the study, author David E. Griffith, M.D., of the University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, Texas, said that there had been an important shift in TB epidemiology i...
Study shows M2A capsule endoscopy improves clinical outcomes in IBD patients
... Crohn's disease, capsule endoscopy demonstrated a negative
predictive value of 100 percent. For those patients with known IBD and inconclusive small bowel radiography, capsule endoscopy yielded findings in 18 of 33 patients (57%). Overall, among the 20 out of 21 patients in whom capsule endoscopy yielded dia...
CellCept(R) registry data demonstrated superior long-term organ transplant outcomes
...us. Women of childbearing potential should have a negative
serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within one week prior to beginning therapy even where there has been a history of infertility, unless due to hysterectomy. Women of childbearing potential must use effective contr...
Better research needed to assess psychological and social effects of cannabis
...extent of the association between cannabis use and negative
psychosocial outcomes. The use of cannabis and other illicit drugs by young people is linked to psychosocial harm including psychological health problems, the use of other illegal drugs, reduced educational attainment, and antisocial behaviour. Howe...
Quality of life continues to change long-term after treatment for prostate cancer
...r, they continue to see changes both positive and negative
in their quality of life because of that treatment, researchers at the University of Michigan Health System and Harvard Medical School report. While previous research has documented the effects of prostate cancer treatment on quality of life two yea...
Who wants to talk about premature ejaculation?
...ng intercourse (31%). These findings highlight the negative
impact of premature ejaculation on quality of life, sexual performance and enjoyment of sex. Dr. McCullough states: "Both presentations draw much needed attention to the prevalence and impact of premature ejaculation as well as the importance of...
Elevated rates of trauma may put urban American Indian women at increased risk for contracting HIV
...ust. "Despite the high rates of traumas and other negative
findings, there are a number of healthy behaviors going on in Indian communities. Condom use is high and so is awareness of HIV," Walters said. "We need to focus on the strengths of the Indian community and are interested in knowing what protects p...
Prostate cancer marker could lead to earlier diagnosis say Univ. of Pittsburgh researchers
...from patients with prostate cancer who had initial negative
biopsies. They found that the samples from the negative
biopsies of those patients who were eventually diagnosed with prostate cancer expressed EPCA and tha...
MRI-guided breast biopsy system is safe and efficient
...e at high risk of breast cancer, or they had had a negative
mammogram and/or a negative
ultrasound examination, but their physician was still suspicious of the negative
diagnosis, said Dr....
Medical residents report sleep loss and fatigue take toll on learning, work and personal lives
...ing the easy way out." Sleep and fatigue have negative
effects on interpersonal relationships, the ability to manage tasks of daily life, and physical and emotional health. They believe their driving ability is impaired. For those with spouses (46 percent of the participants are married), sleep ...
Whole-body CT screening for GI disease may not be effective
...d that 1,080 of those patients (91%) showed either negative
or benign findings in the GI tract on their CT scans. According to Giovanna Casola, MD, lead author of the study, "A total of 328 patients were reported to have abnormalities of the GI tract, of which 216 of these were benign or of no or minimal clin...
SMASH imaging increases effectiveness of MRI for musculoskeletal imaging
...nal fat-saturated T2-weighted imaging, without any negative
effects on MRI interpretation or patient clinical outcome, says a new study by researchers from the Neuroskeletal Imaging Institute in Melbourne, FL. According to the study, SMASH imaging, which acquires many pictures at the same time as opposed to t...
MRI superior to ultrasound in predicting cerebral palsy in preterm infants
...und and MRI showed relatively high specificity and negative
predictive value. Based on the results of the stud...ortant to do especially if the conventional MRI is negative
or nonspecific." According to the authors, other indications could also influence the choice of ima...
MDCT angiography is an effective tool for diagnosing blockage of the mesenteric artery
...rtery and its branches. It also provides excellent negative
predictive value for acute mesenteric ischemia. T...raphy is that alternative diagnoses may be made in negative
cases. Of the 19 alternative diagnoses made in our study, acute pancreatitis and perforation of a ho...
Negative side effects downplayed in prostate cancer treatment guides, U-M study finds
...prostate cancer staging, fewer materials addressed negative
topics such as potential side effects, emotional discomfort or death. "There was a disturbing lack of discussion about the likelihood of experiencing the side effects of these treatments, as well as a lack of discussion about what it wo...
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