Tag: "nerve" at medical news
KUMC Researchers Announce Breakthrough Method For Predicting Epileptic Seizures
...he brain. This scarring acts as an irritant to the nerve
cells which can trigger an abnormal electrical discharge, causing a seizure. For patients with epilepsy, the implications of being able to reliably predict the onset of a seizure holds the promise for new, effective ways of combating epilepsy...
Psychiatric Symptoms May Signal Brain Damage From Diet Pills
...ls may suffer irreversible loss of brain serotonin nerve
terminals, possibly resulting in symptoms of anxiety, depression, cognitive and sleep problems, suggests the first author of a newly published report on fenfluramine side effects. National Institute of Mental Health researcher Una McCann, M.D., and ...
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Enhances Short-Term Brain Plasticity
... shut offthe blood supply to the forearm, blocking nerve
signals to the brain andtemporarily mimicking what occurs after amputation. The loss of normal signalscaused the brain to reorganize. When the researchers applied TMS to the plasticcortex, or the part of the brain that was undergoing reorganization...
Research Trial To Test New Drug For Diabetic Neuropathy
...y, a common complication of diabetes that impairs nerve
function in the lower extremities and can lead to...ropathy. This drug shows great promise to improve nerve
conduction for patients with diabetic neuropathy," says Zachary Simmons, M.D., associate professor ...
Personality, Thought To Be Stable Over Time, Changes In Healthy People Who Take A Widely Used Anti-Depressant
...ered by psychopharmaceuticals that act on distinct nerve
pathways in thebrain." Other researchers in previous studies found that, in psychiatric patients, lowlevels of a signaling molecule, the neurotransmitter serotonin, may be relatedto psychiatric disorders characterized by hostility and aggression, Re...
Tighter Chemical Binding = Better Meds
...d, keep HIV infections in check, andeven stimulate nerve
regrowth in spinal cord injuries. At YaleUniversi... a protein called FKBP can stimulate the growth of nerve
and braincells, which makes them excellent candidates for treating spinal cordinjuries as well as Pa...
Researchers Identify Biochemically Distinct Pain Phenomena, Conclude Better Pain Relief At Lower Morphine Doses Is Possible
...eptors located on thesurfaces of pain-transmitting nerve
cells. The recent rodent studies by Basbaumand others are defining and refining scientific understanding of the rolesplayed by these and other molecules in specific pain syndromes. Their findingspoint to strategies that might be adopted to design m...
Neurotransmitter-Induced Electrical Activity Identified As Key Regulator Of Synaptogenesis
...naptic cell, neurotransmitter is released from its nerve
endings. The released transmitter molecules diffuse to the adjacent nerve
cell and activate specific receptor proteins that are highly concentrated within the me...
Metrifonate, A New Alzheimer Drug, Helps Behavior Problems
...t or evenprevent the disease by protecting against nerve
cell degeneration." Morris JC, Cyrus PA, Orazem J, Mas J, Bieber F, Ruzicka BB, Gulanski B.Metrifonate benefits cognitive, behavioral, and global function in Alzheimer'sdisease patients. Neurology 50, 1222-1230, May 1998. Disclosure: Although Morris ...
Effective Obesity Treatment Likely To Require Targeting Of Multiple Weight
...hormones) increase -- a combination that activates nerve
pathways that stimulateappetite and promote weight gain, while at the same time inhibiting pathwaysthat have the opposite effect. These dual responses maximize the body's tendencyto find a physiological balance (homeostasis), and consequently maximiz...
Health Risk To "Cigarette Babies" Is Neglected, Duke Scientist Charges
...the development, structure and function ofspecific nerve
pathways. "Such effects might explain why ...and respiratory system are not yet fullywired with nerve
cells to allow them to respond reflexively to hypoxia. Thus,nicotine's damage to this critical survi...
Wired By Words
...ar it becomes a "languagespecialist," in which its nerve
cells wire themselves to perceive distinctionsbetween different types of sounds in its native language. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION BEFORE JUNE 22 Please feel free to call Ben Stein of the American Institute of Physics at301-209-3091. To read the ab...
Scientists Report Cancer Fighting Drug As Possible Treatment For Multiple
...ulator. Myelin allows for the speedy conduction of nerve
impulses that conveyinformation in the CNS. When myelin is damaged, the nerve
fibers are no longerinsulated and nerve
impulses cannot be conducted efficiently. The location andex...
Research Explains Lithium's Dual Anti-Manic/Anti-Depressive Effect
...smitter, carrying messagesinstantaneously from one nerve
cell to another in 85 percent of the brain," saidU...ne. Under normal circumstances, an impulse from a nerve
cell releases a flood ofmessage-bearing glutamate aimed at a neighboring neuron across the synapse. ...
Lewin Study Confirms Diabetes Treatment Centers of Americas Diabetes NetCareSM Program Improves Health Status, Reduces Medical Costs
...s, including cardiovascular disease, eye problems, nerve
damage andkidney malfunction. Unlike most conventional diabetes management programs, DTCA's DiabetesNetCareSM adopts a population management approach, managing all of the healthcare needs of all of the health plan members with diabetes -- reg...
Mini-Pill Increases Risk Of Chronic Diabetes In Women With History Of Diabetes During Pregnancy
...ous complications including heart disease, stroke, nerve
disease,vision problems and kidney failure. Lifestyle changes (such as dietary changesand increasing exercise) and oral medications prove effective in controllingdiabetes for most people. "Family planning is extremely important for women with a histo...
Tiny Pellets Could Deliver Alzheimer's Drugs
...g the devastating illness. The protein is called nerve
growth factor (NGF), a well-studied member of a fa...s patients were found to have a pronounced loss of nerve
cells in the forebrain. These cells, it was discovered, could be regenerated with NGF. Since then, ...
Novel Imaging Agent Developed By Penn Researchers Provides Insight Into Brain's Message Delivery System
...s ocated at the presynaptic(forepart) of dopamine nerve
terminals which function to deliver messages toreceptors in the brain. A significant reduction in the density of thesetransporters has been found in postmortem examinations of the brains ofParkinson's and Alzheimer's patients. Thus, measurement of t...
The Problem With Fen-Phen
...rotonin in brain cells is involved in transmitting nerve
impulses, andthe antidepressant and anti-obesity drugs that block serotonin uptake intoplatelets are designed to enhance this effect. The serotonin in blood plasma,made by special cells in the intestines, is the only source of serotonin for theplatel...
Schizophrenia-Like Behavior In Rats Blocked Via Glutamate
...timulating these presynaptic receptors, located on nerve
terminalsof glutamate-secreting neurons. In rats pretreated with the Lilly compound, PCPfailed to trigger the behavioral abnormalities, cognitive impairments, orglutamate increases in the prefrontal cortex. Affecting about 1 percent of adults, schiz...
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