Tag: "nerve" at medical news

Reducing antiepileptics in VNS (TM) patients does not impair seizure control

...l activity and transport of messages by the brains nerve cells. Such storms, in turn, affect the bodys functions. The severity of seizures ranges from finger twitching to unrecognizable speech to convulsions and unconsciousness. Currently, available treatments, either drugs or surgery, control seizures i...

Vagus Nerve Stimulation Therapy (TM) more effective in epilepsy patients when used earlier

...ed by faster-than-normal activity among the brains nerve cells, affect many of the bodys functions and can cause more than 30 different types of seizures. The severity of seizures ranges from finger twitching to unrecognizable speech to convulsions and unconsciousness. Available treatments, either drugs ...

Study finds widespread sympathetic nerve damage in Parkinson's disease

...revious studies have found evidence of sympathetic nerve damage in PD patients' hearts. The sympathetic ne...first to show that the disease affects sympathetic nerve endings in the thyroid gland and the kidney, says David S. Goldstein, M.D., Ph.D., of the National I...

Mayo Clinic study finds radiosurgery is effective alternative to surgery

... four years later. No patient with a lower cranial nerve schwannoma developed any hearing loss, facial weakness, or swallowing difficulty after radiosurgery. In the study, Dr. Pollock and his colleagues concluded that although the reported number of patients having radiosurgery for nonvestibular schwannoma...

Choline prevents liver failure in patients on IV nutrition

...vering its importance to verbal and visual memory, nerve conduction, and communication between the cells of the body," says Buchman. Based on Buchmans research, in 2001 the FDA gave its approval for manufacturers to make nutritional content claims for foods and dietary supplements fortified with choline. ...

USC ophthalmologists announce launch of permanent retinal implant study

... 4-by-4 array. "Each electrode can excite a lot of nerve cells," says Humayun, "though we don't yet know exactly how many." The device is Second Sight's first model to be permanently implanted in a patient. "This is a major milestone," says Robert Greenberg, M.D., Ph.D., president and CEO of Second Sight, ...

Study raises questions on widespread prescribing of diabetic footwear

...iabetes because the condition may cause peripheral nerve damage and poor blood circulation, leaving patients with little to no feeling in their feet. As a result, pressure from shoes and minor trauma are more likely to lead to ulcers. Half of U.S. adults with diabetes have one or more foot risk conditio...

Picturing your pain

...a malfunctioning nervous system. For some reason, nerve cells either become overstimulated or misfire. This means that an overabundance of pain messages are sent to the brain, causing severe and often long-lasting agony. This condition is often very difficult, if not impossible to treat and can end in l...

Mayo Clinic researchers discover enzyme has potential to stop multiple sclerosis tissue damage

... myelin sheath protecting the axon, a component of nerve cells. When functioning normally, however, MSP contributes to proper oligodendroglia function. In the MS field, researchers have made many strides in learning about the genetics, origin and development of the disease, but no treatment has yet been f...

University of Pittsburgh researchers use botox to treat overactive bladder

...e or urinary retention. BTX acts by binding to the nerve endings of muscles, blocking the release of the chemical that causes the muscle to contract. When injected into specific muscles, the muscle becomes paralyzed or weakened, but leaves surrounding muscles unaffected, allowing for normal muscle function...

Peptide promotes new growth in injured spinal cords

...ve developed a synthetic peptide that promotes new nerve fiber growth in the damaged spinal cords of labora... telephone lines of the nervous system and carry a nerve impulse to a target cell. "One of the prominent inhibitors is Nogo and we developed a way to block N...

Inert gas may help stop damaged nerve cells from dying

...ed that xenon gas could help in protecting damaged nerve cells. The research, published today in Anesthes...s as a neuroprotectant, helping to protect damaged nerve cells from dying. Based upon pre-clinical trials, researchers believe it could have human applicati...

Cord blood cells improve rats' neurological recovery from brain injury, new study finds

...sues in the body, including blood, skin, muscle or nerve cells. "It is unlikely that hastened recovery fro...oping brains of neonatal rats begin to appear like nerve cells and express certain proteins found only in neurons and glial cells. The findings suggest that...

Diabetes drugs may help multiple sclerosis sufferers

...ses damage to myelin, the substance that insulates nerve fibers, along with nerve fibers themselves. "The causes of MS are not completely understood," Feinstein says. "However, it is...

Does your brain shutdown with Alzheimer's?

...y. The image is an apt one, because experiments on nerve cells suggest that as Alzheimer's takes hold, elec...s added a special dye to cultures of human and rat nerve cells. The dye allows the researchers to measure the flow of ions, and hence the potential differenc...

UC Davis study shows eye drops delay onset of glaucoma in people at higher risk

...e and dont know it. Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve is damaged, causing a loss of peripheral, or side, vision. In most cases, increased pressure in the eye plays an important role in this damage. As the disease worsens, the field of vision gradually narrows, resulting in blindness. However, if detecte...

Eye drops delay onset of glaucoma in people at higher risk

... and don't know it. Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve is damaged. In most cases, increased pressure in t...rtant role in this damage. The damage to the optic nerve causes loss of peripheral (side) vision. As the disease worsens, the field of vision gradually narro...

Data reveals Lilly's PKC inhibitor improved symptomatic diabetic peripheral neuropathy

...ations. We found that LY333531 positively impacted nerve function and sensory symptoms, such as tingling or...by neurological examination, objective measures of nerve function and physician assessment.[i] A total of 205 type 1 or 2 diabetes patients with diabetic pe...

Adaptive optics technology provides powerful tools for eye doctors

...erent layers of cells within the retina, revealing nerve fibers, blood vessels, and light receptors with a clarity that is greatly enhanced by adaptive optics. "Using adaptive optics in a scanning laser ophthalmoscope increases the resolution in three dimensions by an order of magnitude, so it's about 10 t...

UCLA surgeons complete skin expansion procedure on conjoined twins

... it remains connected to the scalp's own blood and nerve supply. The Quiej-Alvarez twins were born in a small hospital in Guatemala on July 25, 2001. The hospital called the Guatemalan Pediatric Foundation, which contacted Healing the Children, a nonprofit group that finds medical care for children in ...

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(Date:4/18/2014)... French . ... medicine. A team led by Ludwik Leibler from the ... Didier Letourneur from the Laboratoire Recherche Vasculaire Translationnelle (INSERM/Universits ... the principle of adhesion by aqueous solutions of nanoparticles ... and tissues. This easy-to-use gluing method has been tested ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... have identified new pain relief targets that could ... BBSRC-funded researchers at King,s College London made the ... in the periphery of the body. , Dr ... identifying mechanisms underlying pain generation and our findings ... side effects." , One potential side effect of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014) Two recent papers by a ... colleagues may help scientists develop treatments or vaccines ... Japanese encephalitis and other disease-causing flaviviruses. , Jeffrey ... molecular genetics at the School of Medicine and ... Medical Institute, and colleagues recently published articles in ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... who treat patients with a severe and progressive ... agonizing treatment decision. , The drug sirolimus can ... shortness of breath. But some patients eventually may ... fatal complications following transplantation. , "It,s a terrible ... of Loyola University Medical Center,s LAM Clinic and ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that the anti-seizure ... model. The findings, reported in the American ... lead to more effective treatments for alcoholism. , ... leading causes of illness and death in the ... limiting the productivity of workers and necessitating huge ...
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