Tag: "newborn" at medical news

Protecting children from industrial chemicals in the environment

... what happens to the fetal nervous system, and the newborn child's nervous system, when it is exposed to an industrial chemical during pregnancy or while breast feeding. Unfortunately, argue Lanphear and colleagues, the most basic toxicity tests in animals are lacking for 75% of the 3,000 highest production...

Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries

...uthors also found that antimicrobial resistance in newborn nurseries in developing countries has reached alarming levels. They estimate that 70% of pathogens isolated from bloodstream infections in babies in hospital nurseries may not be treatable by the antibiotics ampicillin and gentamicin, which are curre...

New estimates for the causes of child deaths worldwide

...ild deaths. Infection of the blood or pneumonia in newborn babies and pneumonia in older children constitute 29% of all deaths. Undernutrition is an underlying cause of 53% of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years. The investigators also calculated the total numbers and proportional distributions ...

Common anesthetics appear safe for developing fetal brain

...on in the anesthesia community -- involved putting newborn rat pups in a static chamber, where they inhaled various anesthetics. The results of those studies showed evidence of increased apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in developing nerve cells. For their new experiments, the Duke team developed a model...

Sunflower seed oil can protect low birth weight babies from infection

...kins University, USA) and colleagues recruited 497 newborn (72 hours old or less) and preterm babies (less than 33 weeks gestation) between 1998 and 2003 in Bangladesh. The babies were randomly assigned to receive sunflower seed oil, an ointment called Aquaphor (petrolatum, mineral oil, mineral wax, and lano...

Three out of the four million newborn babies who die each year could be saved

... Survival Series Three million of the four million newborn babies who die worldwide each year could be saved ...almost all published research relates to the 1% of newborn deaths in rich countries. The four papers in this series address a major gap in knowledge and provid...

Medical technologies may hinder rather than help newborn survival

... and childbirth may not be the best way to improve newborn survival in middle-income countries, suggests a study published online today by THE LANCET. In Brazil neonatal mortality declined in the 1980's but rates have virtually remained unchanged since the 1990's. Fernando Barros (Hospital de Clinicas, Monte...

Mayo Clinic researcher calls for improved newborn screening

... be further expanded to include testing beyond the newborn period for additional diseases such as Wilson's disease, which causes copper to build in vital organs such as the brain and liver, and congenital disorders of glycosylation, a fast growing group of newly discovered inborn errors of metabolism. Dr. R...

Induction at 32 weeks possible action for expectant moms with premature membrane rupture

...ntaneous labor. In addition, hospital stay for the newborn was considerably shorter in cases where the mother was induced. "After 32 weeks, it's unusual for a baby to have lifelong problems," says Dr. Brost. "If thebaby is infected due to the membrane rupture between 32 and 34 weeks, however, the long-term ...

National Academies advisory: Report assesses health implications of perchlorate exposure

...rmone production in normal-birth weight, full-term newborn infants. The evidence is insufficient to determine whether or not there is an association between perchlorate exposure and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in children. Because of the weaknesses in the studies of the health effects in human popul...

Outlook is bleak for the smallest premature babies: 80 percent have impairment

...rovides comfort and information to families with a newborn in the neonatal intensive care unit. Families who have experienced or are experiencing a preterm birth are invited to visit marchofdimes.com/share, an online community for families to share their stories....

Safety of childbirth after C-section examined

... as uterine rupture, endometritis, transfusion, or newborn hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (newborn brain inj...ved," said Landon. "Overall the risk for a serious newborn complication is approximately 1 in 2000 trials of labor. At this level of risk, many women will cont...

Success of experimental herpes vaccine builds momentum for human clinical trials

...e life-threatening in immunocompromised people and newborn babies infected by their mothers. Lead author Stephen E. Straus, MD, senior investigator in the Medical Virology Section in the Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National I...

Newborns with heart defect have low blood flow in brain before surgery

...ch are severe enough to require surgery during the newborn period. Many of those high-risk children are ident... flow was associated with abnormal features in the newborn brain, according to pediatric neurologist Daniel J. Licht, M.D., who led the multidisciplinary resea...

Establishing pediatric stroke trials

...aims to develop clinical studies to do research in newborn and childhood stroke. The International Faculty will speak on: translation research experience in adult stroke trials sickle cell disease prior experience in trials with children trial design and pitfalls Faculty: Hosted by Steven Pavlak...

Leukemia patients survive with stem cell transplant

...hat stem cells derived from the umbilical cords of newborn babies are a viable and effective transplant sourc.... Recently, cord blood donated by the mother of a newborn baby at UHC proved a lifesaving option for a two-year-old leukemia patient. ...

Infection puts extremely low birth weight infants at risk for developmental delays

...mpairments if they acquire an infection during the newborn period, according to a study by the Neonatal Research Network of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, one of the National Institutes of Health. The developmental impairments were seen regardless of the type of infection--whe...

IgG treatment during pregnancy reduces severity of rare, recurring liver condition in newborns

...ays resulted in fetal death or a severely affected newborn that was unresponsive to medical treatment. Whitington and his laboratory group are currently developing a test to detect alloimmune NH; specifically, they are purifying, identifying and cloning candidate fetal proteins for use in blood tests. Other...

News tips for Sunday, November 7, 2004

...ntifies cardiac abnormalities in newborns. Should newborn infants be screened for heart rhythm abnormalities? Italian investigators, who previously had found increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome among infants with Long QT Syndrome (LQTS), sought the answer in a large study. LQTS is an inherited ...

Pediatricians can help immigrant mothers by explaining child development, NICHD study suggests

...ird of the immigrant mothers knew that the average newborn cries for a total of about 1-2 hours out of every 24. Equal numbers of the immigrant mothers said they believed that 3 to 6 hours of crying out of 24 is normal as said they didn't know how much crying was normal. If parents believe long periods of ...

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