Tag: "newborn" at medical news
UCSD's Victor Nizet, M.D., receives Pediatric Infectious Diseases Award
...e leading cause of serious bacterial infections in newborn
infants. Using molecular genetic methods, Nizet and colleagues discovered different sets of genes in each bacteria that produce potent toxins capable of injuring human cells. "Our goal was to prove that specific genes were necessary and sufficie...
Buszaki neuroscience research published in current journals 'Science' & 'Nature'
...e day into long-term memories. In this research on newborn
rat pups, Buzsaki indicates that similar patterns ...ey are the only patterns in the hippocampus of the newborn
that can be reasonably associated with plasticity of neuronal connections," he added. Buzsaki noted ...
Despite resources, at-risk infants in US fare no better, researchers find
...any of these countries." The researchers looked at newborn
death rates per 1000 live births, by birth weight ...es before birth, says Thompson. "If you think of a newborn
as the combined success of a moms health, her pregnancy, the delivery and then the baby itself, it a...
Meta-analysis of zinc supplementation shows positive growth effects for infants and children
...3 studies on zinc supplementation of children aged newborn
to 10 years that were published between 1976 and 2001 were identified for the meta-analysis. Thirteen studies were conducted in Latin America or the Caribbean, 8 in Asia, 8 in North America or Europe, and 4 in Africa. Zinc supplementation had a pos...
Dartmouth team finds uneven relationship between newborn intensive care and death rates
...ol researchers who studied regional differences in newborn
intensive care. Their study, published May 16 in ...s a wide regional disparity in the availability of newborn
specialists and intensive care nursery beds that correlates poorly with improved survival. It lays t...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April (second issue)
...gement of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
includes therapies that are targeted at lowering vascular resistance, with inhaled nitric oxide as a key treatment. The six piglets that were instilled with human meconium, with a resulting increase in vascular resistanceof 70 percent, had that leve...
Majority of parents schedule child's first dental visit two years too late
...ds with expectant mothers and mothers of children, newborn
through 12 years old, were surveyed by telephone in January 2002....
3D ultrasound telehealth system first commercial test at Indian reservations
...al result of this study would be reduced fetal and newborn
mortality through better treatment for women earlier in the pregnancy, said Deb Soholt, director of womens health for Avera McKennan. Telemedicine may be the best method for accomplishing that. Were hopeful the FDA will approve MUSTPAC-3 for commer...
Research links level of spina bifida defect and need for shunt after newborn surgery
...cord. Depending on the severity of the defect, the newborn
may suffer paralysis, bowel and bladder problems, and fluid pressure on the brain. Surgery performed on newborns with open spina bifida lesions requires closing tissue over the defect to protect the spinal tissue. However, previous studies have sugge...
Mayo Clinic researchers identify gene for inherited kidney and liver disease in young children
...tudy. Improved respiratory treatment has increased newborn
survival, but roughly 30 percent of affected babies still die in infancy. Renal disease is usually evident in the neonate. However, when ARPKD appears later in childhood, it is usually associated with less massive renal enlargement and more variabili...
High rates of caesarean section do not reflect women's preferences
...that a caesarean section is actually safer for the newborn
and more comfortable than a vaginal delivery for most women. Alternatively, doctors may not have the opportunity or skills needed to elicit their patients' preferences and simply assume that their private patients would prefer a caesarean section, su...
Dartmouth Medical School professors study the uneven landscapeof newborn intensive care services: Variation in the neonatology workforce
...dance with risk and whether more resources improve newborn
outcomes. In the past 30 years, the number of ne...on about whether services tend to be located where newborn
needs are greatest, and whether more resources always lead to better outcomes," said Goodman. "This...
Baylor team discovers reason for heart transplant failure
... 553 biopsies from 149 transplant recipients, ages newborn
to 18 years old, over a five-year period. The biopsies were evaluated for common viral infections by using a polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, test. All of the biopsies were sent from Loma Linda University Children's Hospital in California. Results ...
Breast cancer risk lower than women think; statistics by age, ethnicity give more realistic picture
...tatistic. Lifetime risk is the likelihood that a newborn
girl will develop breast cancer sometime during he...ved several decades free of breast cancer, while a newborn
is still at risk of developing breast cancer (or dying of other causes) until she reaches that parti...
Common hearing test for newborns may be wrong up to a third of the time
...t applications, but if we're going to do universal newborn
screening, we should do it right," says author Pau...ort and a 1995 joint commission endorsed universal newborn
screening. More than 30 states have since called for mandatory screening. The new mandates have prom...
GPs prescribe significant numbers of "off label" drugs to children
...ommonly prescribed antibiotic should be given to a newborn
and a 10 year old. Licensing, say the authors, is unable to keep abreast of current practice and there is no system to monitor and coordinate the information. Furthermore, there is little incentive for the pharmaceutical industry to carry out resear...
Animal model shows pain and tissue injury in newborns alters nerve circuitry and reaction to pain later in life
...es as those identified in the animals may occur in newborn
humans exposed to pain and inflammation," said Dr.... In their study, Dr. Ruda and her colleagues used newborn
rat pups to explore the effect of tissue injury and pain on the development of pain pathways. An ir...
New guidelines for ascertaining the relation between childbirth and cerebral palsy
... antenatal events along with detailed follow up of newborn
babies. In the near future, however, without proper surveillance and new insights, in most cases of cerebral palsy there will be nothing or nobody to blame, claims the author. Focus should therefore be on the provision of optimal care for infants w...
Cedars-Sinai pediatrician to receive award for his contributions to international child health
... Health,due to his impact in decreasing infant and newborn
mortality through differentcountries and regions of Latin America. As the recipient of the E.H.Christopherson Award, Dr. Sola has been invited to address the Academy duringthe ceremony. The American Academy of Pediatrics convention will be held Oct. ...
Are the signs of dyslexia in a newborn baby?
It may be possible to identify newborn
babies who will grow up to be dyslexic.Psychologis...ic readers were identified. Comparing the newborn
brain wave patterns of the three groups, theresearchers spotted several telltale differences between...
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