Tag: "noninvasive" at medical news

Risky surgery not always necessary to treat cervical disease

... monitored through colposcopy, which is relatively noninvasive since the cervix is readily accessible. Two distinct types of vaccines have been used. These include the prophylactic vaccine which focuses on human immune responses that may help prevent HPV infections. The other is a therapeutic vaccine which sti...

Non-invasive and invasive breast cancers share the same genetic mutations

Women diagnosed with early stage, noninvasive breast cancer who carry the same mutations in two inherited breast/ovarian cancer genes as women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, may benefit from high risk treatment, Yale researchers report in the February 23 issue of Journal of the American ...

Patient knows best when it comes to ulcerative colitis, U-M study finds

...Ulcerative Colitis Disease Activity Index) and the noninvasive indices (the Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Inde...etermine disease activity and that less expensive, noninvasive indices may be reasonable alternatives for measuring disease activity for ulcerative colitis, says H...

New test improves detection of bladder cancer

...leagues investigated whether a new, point-of-care, noninvasive urine-based test for the protein NMP22 proteomic marker could improve detection of bladder cancer. The researchers compared the ability of this test to detect cancer with that of urine cytology (cells), which must be analyzed in a clinical laborator...

New math model of heart cell has novel calcium pathway

...). Until recently, heart specialists have not had noninvasive tools like MRI and CT, to better understand the he...it Award from the NIH, Rudy has pioneered a novel, noninvasive imaging modality for cardiac electrophysiology and arrhythmias (Nature Medicine 2004;10:422). The ne...

Suffering from fatigue, abdominal discomfort or bloody diarrhea?

...etermine disease activity and that less expensive, noninvasive indices may be reasonable alternatives for measuring disease activity for ulcerative colitis, says Higgins. "Our data support a common clinical practice of following the self-reported symptoms of patients with ulcerative colitis, rather than assessin...

NIH action plan charts future challenges for liver disease research

...efit more patients with hepatitis C. Developing noninvasive ways to measure liver fibrosis. Currently, liver biopsy is the standard means of evaluating the severity of liver disease both in clinical practice as well as in clinical trials of new therapies. Availability of reliable and safe means of measuring...

New test possible aid to overcoming barriers to colon cancer screening

...th any of the currently available methods, another noninvasive option. According to the American Cancer Society colon cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death among men and women in the United States....

Got heart disease? The answer may be in your fingertips

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- A noninvasive fingertip test can identify patients with the earl...." The study compared results of both invasive and noninvasive tests of dysfunction in a layer of cells called the endothelium that lines the blood vessels. The en...

Artery variations increase complication risk in liver transplants

...he relevant imaging issues can be addressed in one noninvasive test," said Dr. Paulson "This saves cost, reduces risk to the patient and saves time," he said. In a separate study, University of Iowa researchers have found that using MR angiography before a liver transplant can help identify which patients will s...

Virtual colonoscopy can help patients avoid conventional colonoscopy

...Roentgenology. Virtual colonoscopy is a relatively noninvasive examination that uses a CT scan to evaluate the colon for polyps. "Among the benefits of virtual colonoscopy are that, unlike conventional colonoscopy, the procedure does not require intravenous pain medications, sedation or recovery room time," said...

Study finds continued reduction in breast cancer incidence associated with longer use of raloxifene

...ce of either ER-negative invasive breast cancer or noninvasive breast cancer. In both the MORE and CORE trials, there was a twofold increase in venous thromboembolic events, such as pulmonary embolism, among women taking raloxifene. "[T]hese data demonstrate that the incidence of ER-positive invasive breast canc...

Diagnostic imaging surge by non-radiologists draws concern

...97 and 2002. They found: Among radiologists, noninvasive diagnostic imaging utilization rates rose 11.6 per... than for radiologists (99%). The proportion of noninvasive diagnostic imaging performed in hospitals fell, with the in-patient percentage dropping from 33.6 pe...

Rush University Medical Center testing magnetic stimulation for depression

...ts at Rush University Medical Center are testing a noninvasive technique that uses repeated short bursts of magnetic energy to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to treat major depression. The therapy is called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), and Rush is enrolling patients in a clinical trial to determi...

Doctors transplant ovary to woman's arm to preserve fertility

...utilizes a donor site that is easily accessible to noninvasive monitoring and has suitable vasculature. Autotransplantation of a healthy ovary into the upper arm using brachial vessels to establish blood supply resulted in a functional ovary. Blood flow to and from the ovary was adequate to maintain cyclical fol...

MRI technique for measuring blood volume helps distinguish between abscesses and tumors in the brain

...rain, but one would rather make the diagnosis by a noninvasive measure. The treatments for the two entities are also different: antibiotics for abscesses and surgical removal, chemotherapy or radiation therapy for tumors. A worst-case scenario would be one in which the wrong treatment is given for weeks or month...

Perfect pitch, portable bone-health monitor

...fman will present a portable ultrasound device for noninvasive assessment of bone for such diseases as osteoporosis. In a clinical study of 60 women ranging in age from 25-88, the device used ultrasound to measure bone mass in the women's heels. The researchers hope the low-cost, handheld device could be used b...

Biotech breakthrough in islet cell replacement for type 1 diabetes

...ontrast agents and probes, that will use real-time noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging of islet mass and function. This imaging technique will ultimately be able to be translated into human studies and clinical care. Collaborating with Kaufman on this JDRF grant are William Lowe, M.D., professor and associat...

MDCT 'unwraps' Egyptian mummy, clearly revealing face of 3,000 year old man

...Asti, Italy, and lead author of the study. CT is a noninvasive method that can provide data such as skull dimensions and dehydrated soft tissue arrangement for 3D reconstructions of the skull and body while preserving the mummy. "MDCT provides thin slices--up to 0.6 mm--in a single-shot acquisition and in a very...

Researchers induce temporary blindness to learn more about vision

...ranscranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a harmless noninvasive technique using brief magnetic pulses. When applied to the visual cortex, TMS induces temporary, reversible blindness lasting only a fraction of a second. TMS was administered on 75 percent of the trials at optimal times to produce visual...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... at the University of California, San Diego School of ... who have suffered a recent major loss are more ... adults. , The study is published in this month,s ... . , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better ... offer insights into ways to improve the outcomes of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... created a new technology for modifying human cells ... body and selectively target cancer and other sites ... monitor and modify human physiology is a promising ... technology enabled bioengineers to build such devices that ... a customized fashion. , "The project addressed a ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... cause of neuronal death in Parkinson,s disease is still ... be mistaken for foreign invaders and killed by the ... diseases like type I diabetes, celiac disease, and multiple ... April 16, 2014, in Nature Communications . , ... Parkinson,s disease; but if true, it could lead to ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization ... published a comprehensive review today examining the current state ... The review calls for improved global surveillance strategies to ... recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa that has ... of Guinea and Liberia. According to the World ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 2014) Population Council scientists and their partners have ... and can prevent the transmission of multiple sexually transmitted ... animals: HIV, herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2), and human ... data that the gel is effective against multiple strains ... the vagina against all three viruses of at least ...
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