Tag: "opioids" at medical news

Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals

...f prior relapse," the authors write. "Use of major opioids also increased risk of relapse in the presence of family history and even more dramatically in those with a dual diagnosis, and the combination of all 3 risk factors further magnified the likelihood of relapse. State physician health programs might w...

UW research shows risk factors for relapse among health care professionals who abuse drugs

...eby removing themselves from ready access to major opioids and other drugs, in order to successfully overcome drug dependence. "Remaining in the same professional role and providing these drugs to legitimately help their patients may be difficult for physicians who have been addicted to abusing these same pa...

No increase in C-sections when epidural analgesia given early in labor

...ory depression, especially when spinal or epidural opioids are administered concomitantly," Wong said. The Northwestern study examined 750 full-term, nulliparous (no previous births) women in spontaneous labor, with cervical dilation less than 4 centimeters. Participants were randomized to receive spinal ...

Study identifies factors associated with long-term opioid treatment of veteran patients

...the JAMA/Archives journals. "The long-term use of opioids for the treatment of chronic pain of nonmalignant ...ncer were more likely to receive other long-acting opioids simultaneously. In those without cancer, high daily average doses were associated with duration, old...

DepoDur found to be innovative option for postoperative pain relief

...fective pain control with less use of supplemental opioids over the 48-hour postoperative period. In the DepoDur TM group, patient pain intensity ratings were significantly lower than in the IV PCA group. About DepoDur TM Previously referred to as DepoMorphine TM , DepoDur TM is the first si...

Smoking affects same 'feel good' brain chemical system as heroin

...e team is studying the interaction of dopamine and opioids in the brains of smokers and non-smokers. They als...-M team's PET scan method doesn't show the flow of opioids directly, but rather the status of tiny receptors on the surface of brain cells. These receptors, ca...

Gender and sex hormones affect the brain's pain response and more, according to new studies

...ter system--which uses endogenous chemicals called opioids (commonly known as endorphins and enkephalins) to send signals between brain cells to suppress the sensation of pain. When a stressful stimulus, such as sustained physical pain or severe emotional stress, threatens the well-being of the body, the bra...

Rx pain medicines hard to find in pharmacies serving minority neighborhoods

...ercent of the pharmacies had an adequate supply of opioids using this definition. Examples of long-acting opioids include controlled-release oxycodone, often sold as Oxycontin, and controlled-release morphine. Shor...

Univeristy of Utah anesthesiologists on front lines in battle against post-operative pain

...l for pain relief. "That means standard doses of opioids could be as much as 10 times lower than some patients need for adequate pain relief," Swenson said. This method has become the standard protocol at University Hospital and U anesthesiologists are using it 10-15 times a month for opioid-tolerant pati...

Prescription of opioids for back pain needs improvement

... largest and most comprehensive look at the use of opioids for the treatment of back pain, according to the r...oversy in medical circles about whether the use of opioids is an effective and safe long-term treatment strategy for back pain, the researchers believe the pat...

Long-lasting medication shows promise for treatment of heroin addiction

...to test whether their sensitivity to this class of opioids was reduced by the buprenorphine treatment. The researchers found that a single dose of the sustained-release form of buprenorphine provided relief of withdrawal symptoms and reduced the effects of the test opioid for 6 weeks. WHAT IT MEANS: The fi...

Pain medication safe and effective for the elderly

... lower than that typically seen in trials of other opioids analgesics. The KRONUS-MSP trial is the largest trial to date to examine the tolerability of a sustained-release opioid for the treatment of chronic non-malignant pain. The trial employed a community-based, prospective, randomized, open-label, blind...

Mayo Clinic study helps patients with pancreatic cancer experience significantly less pain

...er time than SAT patients. However, consumption of opioids and frequency of opioid side effects, such as sleepiness, nausea and constipation, were not significantly different between the two groups. One year after enrolling in the study, 16 percent of patients receiving the NCPB and six percent of SAT patien...

Study shows positive results for novel, patient-controlled transdermal system (PCTS)...

...d 20 million people in the U.S. require injectable opioids for the treatment of acute post-surgical pain. A ...ere made comfortable with supplemental intravenous opioids during the first three hours of the trial before using the system. More than half of all patients h...

One-shot addiction treatment shows promise

...ne (Dilaudid) to test whether their sensitivity to opioids was reduced by the depot buprenorphine treatment. The results were promising both for prevention of the opioid withdrawal syndrome and for blockade of the opioid high from the hydromorphone challenge injections. No significant withdrawal syndrome ...

Cancer patients find more pain relief when treatment guidelines are followed

... of guidelines utilize round-the-clock long-acting opioids with doses of short-acting opioids as standard. All patients receive non-steroidal analgesics, like aspirin or ibuprofen, or acetaminop...

Investigational drug may protect cancer and AIDS patients from side effects of pain relief therapy

...ltrexone may improve the care of patients who take opioids for pain caused by AIDS," said Jonathan Moss, M.D., Ph.D., professor of anesthesia and critical care at the University of Chicago and director of the study. Many AIDS patients and more than 500,000 patients with advanced cancer depend on drugs like m...

Opioids, narcotic analgesics effective in treating post-herpetic neuralgia

..., and with considerable side effects. The role of opioids in treating chronic non-cancer pains such as PHN h...tional Institutes of Health have demonstrated that opioids are not only highly effective in reducing pain in PHN patients, they caused no appreciable effect on...

Opioids should be considered for relief of chronic lower back pain

...at physicians and their patients at least consider opioids for the treatment of chronic, nonmalignant pain, i...clude morphine, oxycodone and fentanyl. The use of opioids is complicated for patients and physicians due to controversy over misuse and potential drug depende...

Using naltrexone to treat alcoholics with a 'Mediterranean drinking pattern'

...hich is a part of the brain's reward system. When opioids are stimulated, levels of the dopamine neurotransmitter are increased, leading to the "high" that is associated with a variety of drugs. Naltrexone "blocks" the opioid receptor from being activated. It was first developed in the 1970s to block hero...

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