Tag: "over" at medical news
Landmark Study Shows Behavioral Interventions Reduce HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behavior
...eductions across a range of sexual risk indicators over
a one-yearperiod. The seven-session intervention reduced the incidence of gonorrhea in men by half. Incidence of gonorrhea is an indicator of unprotected sexual behavior. NIMH Director Steven E. Hyman, M.D., said, "Reducing high risk behaviors i...
One-Time Needles Don't Reduce HIV Among Addicts, Study Shows
...ion of drug users, the total number of needlesused over
time would remain the same. The authors' examination shows why this approach to reducing AIDS is flawed. Insuch a circumstance, there will be two types of needles with two levels of risk.The number of injections per DTR would be lower than the pre-i...
Modafinil Improves The Quality Of Life Of Narcolepsy Patients
...ity-of-life benefits and maintains thisimprovement over
an extended period, without the debilitating side effects ofother drugs, according to a University of Michigan researcher. "Narcolepsy can greatly impact a patient's quality of life. Patients treatedwith modafinil in this study were more alert and t...
New Report Demonstrates That Following Guidelines Improves Clinical Practices, Reduces Liability Costs
...ment. An analysis of data wasperformed on patients over
age 30 who presented in the Emergency Department (ED)with chest pain and were sent home without a definitive diagnosis. Thesepatients are twice as likely to have an unplanned return to the emergencydepartment within 48 hours compared with all patient...
International Panel Evaluates Testing For Drug Resistance In HIV
...rs of available resistance assays and metregularly over
a six-month period to develop their report. Amo..., but there are insufficient data to recommend one over
the other. Resistance assays may identify the predominant resistant strains in a patientbut miss o...
Ulcer Drug Linked To Birth Defects
...lian women to take misoprostol--which is available over
the counter in Brazil but only by prescription in Canada--in an attempt to terminate their pregnancy. However, the drug does not alwayscause miscarriage and children born to mothers who have taken misoprostol aremore likely to have Mobius syndrome th...
Timing Of Breast Cancer Surgery Doesn't Appear To Influence Survival Anymore
...nomenon a lot better." Has the controversy over
the timing of breast cancer surgery ended? Dr.Harlap says that the new study does not end the controversy because the resultsafter 1984 may be due to chance. "This controversy isn't resolved. It may bethat changes in medical care, whatever they were,...
Thousands Of AIDS Deaths Could Be Prevented With Expanded Medicaid Coverage,
UCSF Study Concludes
...600 more years of life forpersons with HIV disease over
five-years. There would be 4,200 fewer deathswith...t. The UCSF analysis compared projected outcomes over
a five-year period with andwithout the expansion. An estimated 38,000 persons would be enrolled in ...
UCSF Researchers Seeing Increased Rates Of Unprotected Sex Among San Francisco
... for this. Usually when a group of men is followed over
time their riskgoes down, because the questionnaire itself is an intervention, causing therespondents to reflect on their sexual behavior on a regular basis." Less than a third of the men reported having no instances of unprotected analintercourse si...
EPA Choosing Lab Science Over Epidemiology To Establish Drinking Water
...er billion, EPA has had to favor toxicologicaldata over
conflicting epidemiological data. This issue is part of a largerdebate over
how and to what extent to protect the American public fromdisinfectants and byproducts of drinking w...
Three INEEL Inventions Win International Recognition
... 100technologically significant products developed over
the past year by the world'smost creative scientis...in the conductor's electric field, a key advantage over
the largetransformers conventionally used for voltage measurement at power distributionsites. The EO...
Research Explains Lithium's Dual Anti-Manic/Anti-Depressive Effect
...hat brings glutamate within a 'normal' range works over
time to curb both thehighs and lows." What's more, he added, lithium doesn't change the moods of people who aren'tbipolar, suggesting that their glutamate levels may be positioned consistentlywithin the set zone, and therefore would not be affected ...
Mostly In The Mind
...ebelieves that the advantage antidepressants offer over
placebos is just 15 to 20per cent. But a psychiatrist commentating on the new analysis in the latest issueof Prevention & Treatment is fiercely critical of the paper. Donald Klein ofColumbia University, New York, who played a major role in de...
Early Medical Abortion With Mifepristone (RU 486) And Misoprostol Is Highly Acceptable To American Women
...bortions in the clinic ideally shouldhave a choice over
the degree of medical supervision involved.Additionally, the results of focus groups conducted with 78 providers from thisstudy show that generally they liked offering women a choice of methods. Eventhose providers who were initially skeptical about...
UCSF To Establish Formal Hospitalists Training Program
...osiah Macy, Jr. Foundation will give UCSF $712,000 over
three years toestablish the program for doctors in the recently emerged specialty of hospitalcare, called hospitalists. About six of UCSF's approximately 30 internalmedicine residents are participating in the pilot program, which began in July1998. H...
By Losing (Molecular) Weight, A Clot-Dissolving Drug May Be In Better Shape To
Help People Avoid A Repeat Heart Attack
...rchersfound that the rise of von Willebrand factor over
the first 48 hours oftreatment after hospital admi...anations for this excess of efficacy of enoxaparin over
regularheparin. But we do believe we have identified a new biological prognosis markerof unstable c...
Parenting CD-ROM Helps Reduce Children's Behavioral Problems
...ve psychology graduate students at Ohio University over
the course of fouryears, including Chris Kacir, co... "Parents have the greatest amount of influence over
these children andif we can do something to teach parents to be more responsible, we should doit," s...
Studies Indicate An Effective Treatment For Steroid-Induced Osteoporosis
...s show that alendronate providesadditional benefit over
and above calcium plus Vitamin D." In the studies, alendronate at 5 and 10 mg was generally well-tolerated. Esophageal adverse experiences were not increased with alendronate treatment,nor were peptic ulcers despite concurrent use of steroids in all ...
New Elementary School Program Lowers Cardiovascular Risks In Children
...hether the childrens initial CVD health gains last over
time. She is also investigating whether the knowledge or physical activity component of the intervention was more effective, and whether puberty will have an impact on risk factors. Another facet of the CHIC study is testing the intervention in 1,2...
Lewin Study Confirms Diabetes Treatment Centers of Americas Diabetes NetCareSM Program Improves Health Status, Reduces Medical Costs
...ver, it can be expected that savings will increase over
time, ascostly complications are avoided." The analysis found that hospital admissions decreased 18 percent, from 239 perthousand in the baseline period to 196 per thousand in follow-up. Bed days fell22 percent, from 1,336 days per thousand in the b...
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