Tag: "oxygen" at medical news
NHLBI Clinical Trial Stopped Early: Successful Ventilator Strategy Found For Intensive Care Patients On Life Support
...ing use of amechanical ventilator and supplemental oxygen
to help patients breathe. The ARDS study was designed to compare the safety and efficacy of twodifferent methods of setting the ventilator. After informed consent wasobtained, patients were randomly assigned to receive either relatively larg...
Novel Biological Interaction Found To Explain Blood Vessel Growth To Tumors
...ells that are in the vascular bed of atumor, where oxygen
would be lower than elsewhere in the body."...
Low-Tech Treatment Proves A Life-Saver In Research Breakthrough
...al ventilator. Excess fluid in the lungs displaces oxygen
andleads to respiratory failure, Matthay said. "This finding will save thousands of lives each year," said Claude Lenfant, M.D.,director of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the NIH, whichfunded the large-scale study. "It provides us wi...
Chemists Discover That Aerosol Clusters Play Larger Role In Generation Of Air Pollution
...t while atmospheric reactions of nitric oxide with oxygen
and waterare well-known, the UB research shows that new molecules, such as volatileorganic compounds, may make nitric oxide an even more harmful pollutant. "This is a brand-new chemical reaction that occurs only inside these clusters,"said Garvey, a ...
New Contact Lens Material Could Lessen Risk Of Eye Infection
...able to the wearer, besides providing muchrequired oxygen
to the eye," says Dr. Ravi Mukkamala, who presente...water level -- an important component in supplying oxygen
to the eye --adversely increases the protein deposition on the lens surface. This increasein protei...
Improved Fitness Lowers Mortality Risk Of Male Heart-Attack Survivors
...age gradedexercise test on a treadmill to estimate oxygen
uptake, an indication offitness, at different leve...tages of exertion. The highest stage completedand oxygen
uptake at the end of the trial were designated as the participant'smaximal physical work capacity. ...
Study: Among Heart Failure Patients, Women Survive Twice As Long As Men
...d heart cannot pump enoughblood to meet the body's oxygen
needs, is the only kind of cardiovasculardisease i...ts building up inarteries supplying the heart with oxygen
and reducing blood flow just as rust inold pipes cuts water flow, the physician said. High blood pre...
UK Researchers Receive Grants To Examine Benefits Of Aerobic Exercise For People With Spinal Cord Injuries
...Gater measures the subjects' basal metabolic rate, oxygen
consumption,lipid profiles, glucose tolerance and body composition at the beginning of thestudy. The patients then complete an aerobic exercise program for 30 minutesthree times each week over 10 weeks. Gater will repeat all measurements at theend ...
More Cystic Fibrosis Patients Will Die Waiting For Lung Transplants, Predicts University Of Pittsburgh Study
...me of air that can be expiredand the percentage of oxygen
and carbon dioxide in their arterial blood. Specific values of these tests are included in the guidelines. Dr. Keenan and his team conducted a retrospective study to determine if theseguidelines were indicative of survival, both on the waiting list a...
Intensive Care Before A Major Op May Improve Survival
... controlled trial of pre-operative optimisation of oxygen
delivery) Intensive care treatment of patients about to undergo major elective surgery can help to improve survival rates, say researchers in this week's BMJ. Major surgery in high risk people produces large numbers of critically ill patients, but...
Growth-Hormone Deficient Babies Are Normal Length At Birth, UB Study Finds
...a (low glucoselevels in the blood), hypoxemia (low oxygen
levels) and/or jaundice. Newborns are routinely screened at birth for hypoglycemia, which is apotential marker for CGHD, MacGillivray said. Babies who are hypoglycemic, orshow other signs that something is wrong, are tested further. All 4...
UK Researchers Receive $1.14 Million NIH Grant To Study A Molecule That May Have A Role In Diseases Involving Oxidative Cell Death
...used by molecules that arehighly reactive forms of oxygen
such as free radicals and peroxides. Thiscoupled with the discovery, about 10 years ago, that cADPR is involved in theregulation of calcium ions, led the Jacobson research team to hypothesize thatcADPR may be a key component in cell death, particula...
UI Study Suggests Promising Treatment For Diabetic
...ds of time because the isolatingmaterial decreases oxygen
supply to the cells. However, in the case of arela...problem as well as how to improve thecells' use of oxygen
and their ability to avoid rejection without the use of aprotective barrier. Hunter also wants to fi...
New Type Of Artificial Surfactant Shows Promise In Treating Lung Disease
...s treated with the enhanced medication hadimproved oxygen
levels in the blood, an indication that lung function is notcompromised. "The study findings are dramatic, and we are excited at the potential of somedaysuccessfully treating infants and adults who have lung problems that don'trespond well to curren...
Biochemical Marker Targets Brain Injury Leading To Movement Problems After Stroke
...ells from irreversible injury causedby the loss of oxygen
and other vital nutrients, thus halting further brain celldamage following the stroke, he adds. NAA levels were measured in the internal capsule of 12 men and six womenwho had suffered a stroke within one month to five years before entering t...
Clogged Neck Artery May Warn Of Heart Attack As Well As Stroke
...the bloodvessels in the neck that supply blood and oxygen
to the brain, may be a markerfor coronary artery disease, according to a study in this month's Stroke:Journal of the American Heart Association. Coronary heart disease is characterized by atherosclerosis -- accumulations offat, cholesterol and other ...
Biological Markers Found That Correlate To Esophageal Cancer Treatment Success
...tion resistance. Radiation kills cells by forming oxygen
radicals-- highly reactive oxygen
atoms that damage DNA. GST-pi reduces these oxygenatoms so that they are no longer reactive. The 8...
UI Researchers Identify Possible Reason For Rare, Accelerated Aging Condition
...ainst cell-damaging free radicals known asreactive oxygen
species (ROS). "Understanding the molecular mechanism underlying progeria may help to furtherexplain the molecular basis of normal aging, " said Larry Oberley, Ph.D., UIprofessor of radiology and the study's lead investigator. Progeria cells are idea...
Mayo Clinic Cardiologist Available To Discuss New Guidelines On Treatment Of Stable Angina
...y: Heart disease caused by insufficient blood and oxygen
flow to the heart muscleis the single leading cause of death in the United States. The most commonmanifestation of this disease is chronic stable angina, a form of chest painthat causes discomfort in the chest, jaw, shoulder, back or arm and is typic...
Study shows combining antiplatelet drug Abciximab with clot-buster is effective in treating heart-attack patients
...low of blood to the heart, thereby depriving it of oxygen
and nutrients. Clot-busting drugs, also known as thrombolytics, currently are the standard therapy for treating heart attacks. These drugs have been shown to be effective in breaking down the clots, restoring blood flow, and reducing the risk of de...
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