Tag: "participants" at medical news
Brain activity prior to treatment flags vulnerability to antidepressant side effects
...a pill with inactive ingredients. In addition, all participants
took only placebo for one week prior to randomization to medication or placebo. Using "cordance," a quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) imaging technique developed at UCLA, the research team found changes in brain function in the prefrontal re...
Fat may promote inflammation, new study suggests
...evels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. In 15 study participants
without diabetes, higher levels of the "bad" proteins, interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha, were associated with a lower ability to respond to insulin and use glucose. On the other hand, higher levels of the "good" protein adiponectin were ...
Researchers search for first sign of congestive heart failure
...60 15-18-year-olds over the next four years. Study participants
will be put on a diet for three days to regulate their sodium intake, then come to MCG's Georgia Prevention Institute to play challenging video games. In addition to measuring how stress affects heart rate and blood pressure, researchers will use pai...
Hopkins begins human trials with donor adult stem cells to repair muscle damaged from heart attack
...ng millions of adult stem cells. Initially, study participants
will spend four days in the hospital, immediately after the procedure. The patients will then return for preset checkups, monthly for the first three months, and again after six months, 18 months and 24 months. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) stu...
Stanford patient is first to test new treatment for peripheral arterial disease
...rently recruiting patients for the study. Eligible participants
who have crampy calf pain after walking, relieved by rest, will be tested to see if they have a blockage in the superficial femoral artery - the most common cause of such pain and the target of this clinical trial. Those interested in participating m...
Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals
...independent post-treatment monitoring program. The participants
were followed up between January 1, 1991, and December 31, 2001. Twenty-five percent (74 of 292 individuals) had at least 1 relapse. The researchers found that a family history of a substance use disorder increased the risk of relapse (2.3 times gre...
Depression linked to insomnia in HIV patients
...es, however, they found that very small numbers of participants
and inconsistent findings. More recent studies rely on patients' reports about their own sleep habits and disturbances, including whether they had difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, their frequency of nightmares, whether they were tired in ...
Abuse and HIV status linked to suicide risk
...ore frequently. In addition, one-half of the study participants
reported problems with depression and 26 percent reported problems with anxiety. Twenty-four percent of non-abused, HIV-negative women had problems with depression, whereas 72 percent of abused, HIV-positive women reported the same. Abused, HIV-posit...
Study finds majority of women willing to accept cervical cancer vaccine for self and children
...und that 11 years of age was the mean age noted by participants
as an appropriate time to provide children with sex education. "This study shows that education will be key to acceptance of the vaccine," said Diane C. Bodurka, MD, Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Ce...
Simple intervention encourages sun protection behaviors
...tanner reported using it. Sixty one percent of the participants
told at least one friend or family member about wh...ed in this experiment with the small percentage of participants
who tried the sunless tanning lotion, this might lead to additional sun protection behaviors."...
WISE study starts in Toulouse: 60 days of bed-rest for terrestrial female astronauts
...r Exploration (WISE) has been fully under way. All participants
in the first of two campaigns have been lying in bed, tilted head down at an angle of 6 below horizontal, so that their heads are slightly lower than their feet. This position results in physiological changes that also occur in astronauts during spac...
Boston University team finds link between high cholesterol and better cognitive performance
...igher the natural level of cholesterol, the better participants
did on tests of mental ability. High cholesterol ...ed in blood samples. Less than two percent of the participants
were being treated with anti-cholesterol medication. Anti-cholesterol medications and diets as well...
Giant iceberg B-15A edges past floating ice pier
... Southern Ocean for the first time, to ensure that participants
in the Oryx Quest 2005 yacht race stayed safely away from icebergs and ice fields. This year also sees the launch of CryoSat, a dedicated ice-watching mission designed to precisely map changes in the thickness of polar ice sheets and floating sea ic...
Physicists find patterns within seemingly random events of physiological systems
...ontrol. Their analyses of heartbeat dynamics from participants
show a significant circadian rhythm, including a notable response at the circadian phase corresponding to 10 a.m., the time of day most often linked to adverse cardiac events in individuals with heart disease. Circadian rhythm, however, does not aff...
Waist size linked to diabetes risk in adult men
...type 2 diabetes. The researchers grouped the study participants
into five groups according to their waist size. Compared to those in the group with the smallest waists (29-34 inches), the other groups (34.3-35.9 inches, 36-37.8 inches, 37.9-39.8 inches, 40-62 inches) were 2, 3, 5 and 12 times more likely to devel...
Protecting human subjects focus of national FDA conference at UH
...uate students. In completing the two-day program, participants
can expect to demonstrate a better overall understanding of the Code of Federal Regulations from the Office for Protection from Research Risks that govern research funded by Title 45 Part 46 on public welfare and the protection of human subjects. A...
Brain imaging study may hold clues to onset of schizophrenia in people at high risk
... maps of various brain functions. Fifty-two study participants
were divided into four groups: "ultra-high-risk," where participants
experience symptoms but the illness is not full-blown; early schizophrenia, where participants
Aspirin's potential ability to prevent colon polyps may not apply equally to all
...e added to the NHS questionnaire, and in 1990 many participants
provided blood samples that could be analyzed for ... The current study analyzed the blood samples from participants
who reported having endoscopic colon examinations between 1990 and 1998. About 500 of those partici...
Research suggests possible blood test for multiple sclerosis
...ere not taking medications for MS. The mean age of participants
with MS was 29 years; the healthy participants
had a mean age of 28. "In this preliminary investigation, we found a distinct pattern in the MS gro...
Community care tops medical care at preventing heart disease in black Americans
...rican adults between the ages of 30 and 59. Study participants
had no known history of heart problems, but all of...attack, within 10 years. Roughly half (196) of the participants
were provided with community-based care and the rest (168) were provided with enhanced primary care....
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