Tag: "pathogen" at medical news

2005 Basic Research in Periodontal Disease Award

...y to play an important role in interactions of the pathogen with the host. Research in this area examines the genetic machinery of glycosylation in Gram-negative bacteria and the role of these modifications in host-parasite interactions...

Mailman School of Public Health researchers develop infectious disease diagnostic tool

...lity to apply current diagnostics to more than one pathogen at a time, thereby reducing the time needed for differential diagnosis. "We focused first on respiratory diseases because differential diagnosis is a common clinical problem with implications for outbreak control and individual case management," st...

Substance protects resilient staph bacteria

... the first time, been shown to protect the harmful pathogen from natural human defense mechanisms that would otherwise kill the bacteria, according to scientists at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories (RML), part of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of He...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2005 (first issue)

...ave effectively controlled the major transmissible pathogen that affects cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, by effectively segregating patients with transmissible disease during hospitalization at their dedicated CF facility. Researchers realized that despite their carefully designed cent...

Climate-based model to predict West Nile virus activity

... based on climate to predict periods of vector and pathogen abundance and human risk. Lois Levitan, a Cornell senior extension associate and Environmental Risk Analysis Program leader, will determine the information needs of public health and vector control professionals as it relates to risk analysis. Five ...

Researchers at Cincinnati Children's link a strain of E. coli to diarrhea in children

...diatric Academic Societies. E. coli is a foodborne pathogen and a bacterium that normally resides in the lower intestine. There are hundreds of strains of E. coli and most are harmless, but some strains can cause illness, such as gastroenteritis and traveler's diarrhea. A strain of E. coli that is present in ...

Outbreak of skin infections sheds light on risk factors for bacterial resistance

...bout the emergence of MRSA as the predominant skin pathogen in their community and developed treatment guidelines that emphasize reserving antibiotics for severe infections only. The researchers believe their findings on risk factors for MRSA infections may be generalized to other parts of the United States a...

Advances in prevention and treatment research hold promise for 'pipeline'

... for controlling existing tumors or addressing the pathogen that causes tumors. New progesterone receptor antagonists preventing carcinogen induced breast cancer in rats: Abstract No. 5605 A novel pharmaceutical that inhibits progesterone receptor activity in breast cancer cells may reduce tumor mass in ...

Mechanism leading to life-threatening infection identified by UCSD School of Medicine researchers

...eceptor 4 (TLR4), that alerts them to the invading pathogen by placing the macrophage in an activated state, ready to do combat. In addition to their importance in the direct killing of bacterial pathogens, macrophages alert other components of the immune system to the presence of an infection and secrete pro...

Tuberculosis strains stay close to home, say Stanford researchers

...mission. This also raises the possibility that the pathogen evolves within a geographic population group and doesn't spread to other groups. "It was remarkable how well the genetics mapped to global geography," said Small. "Co-evolution is highly speculative, but it's an intriguing possibility. Most important...

Screening removes West Nile from bood supply

...g that period, West Nile virus was the most common pathogen identified in our blood supply," says Montgomery, but she notes it appears to be a seasonal phenomenon that parallels the disease geographically. "The peak numbers occurred in late August to early September. Where we are seeing greater numbers of p...

Food-borne pathogen traced to lettuce

...ion has long been suspected, attempts to trace the pathogen to a concrete source of contamination in the past ...of those farms. The investigators suspect that the pathogen was spread by the feces of roe deer, which have been carriers of the pathogen in the past. Deer fece...

New flu vaccine provides insight into immunity development

...n and the elderly. It can be an extremely virulent pathogen that could be a target for misuse as an instrument of bioterrorism. In fact, the vaccine study was funded by a National Institutes of Health bioterrorism grant. "Understanding respiratory tract immunity has great relevance for biodefense in that the ...

Purefecta (TM) drinking water purifier from Pall and Kinetico removes pathogens...

...times more likely to die from enteric (intestinal) pathogen infections than a healthy person," Dr. Reynolds sa...e risk of ingesting a potentially harmful or fatal pathogen is almost non-existent." Waterborne Disease Outbreaks On the Rise ...

SLU professor wins CDC grant to combat emerging infections, including West Nile

...nced detection systems, environmental sampling and pathogen detection systems and innovative approaches for prophylaxis and treatment. These awards are part of HHS efforts to build and sustain a robust and long-term program for biodefense research. "The department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is comm...

Understanding how lymph nodes respond to infection may redefine how immune system functions

...quick-acting response triggered immediately when a pathogen enters the body. The innate immune response responds the same regardless of the pathogen and attacks the pathogen for the first several days until the adaptive immune response can begin its...

Study finds subtle brain damage in some HIV patients on drug therapy

...uroReport.HIV or human immunodeficiency virus, the pathogen that causes AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, can produce neurological abnormalities in any part of the nervous system, including the brain. Symptoms of HIV brain damage may include depression, memory loss, a slowing of mental and physical ...

Parasite lipids against asthma or diabetes

...ponse develops which is appropriate to combat the pathogen present. The pathogen could be a bacteria, but equally a virus or a parasite. Schistosomes are parasitic worms. More than ...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for October 2003 (second issue)

...) who have tested positive to the most significant pathogen affecting those with CF. The advantages of the technique involve direct delivery of high-dose antibiotics to an individual's bronchial space and limited systemic absorption and toxicity. These details are part of a comprehensive "State of the Art" ...

Pneumococcal vaccine significantly reduces disease in South African children

... Streptococcuus pneumoniae, the primary bacterial pathogen leading to pneumonia, has become increasingly resistant to antibiotics. A vaccine is now indicated for all U.S. children to prevent invasive pneumococcal disease and bacterial meningitis, and is administered in infancy. The vaccine targets seven st...

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