Tag: "perceptions" at medical news

University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University to share $10 million NIH grant to study mind-body relationships

...just at the patient; Doctors will examine women's perceptions of stress, their attitudes and coping responses as well as physiological reactions to the stress in their lives as potential markers of risk for cardiovascular disease; and Researchers hope to learn whether psychosocial interventions can be designe...

NPSF makes safe use of pharmaceuticals a national health priority

...eadership, lack of collaboration, widely divergent perceptions of medication risks and benefits, insufficient knowledge and inadequate education, across the various aspects of health care. The initial phase of the project was made possible by the NPSF, and a public/private partnership reflected in a major grant ...

South Bronx adolescents don't feel safe at home

...of a new study seeking to integrate young people's perceptions of violence into violence prevention programs in the South Bronx and other urban areas in America. The scientists from Hunter College, City University of New York, University of Illinois, Youth Force, Bronx, New York, and University of Medicine and ...

Social support and confidence predict medication adherence for AIDS patients

...ted adherence, only patients1 confidence and their perceptions of social support remained significant. Nonadherent patients also were more likely than adherent patients to report certain barriers to taking the medications, including that the treatment reminded them of their HIV status, that the instructions we...

Marijuana use rises and falls with price and perceived harm, study shows

...the extent to which trends in marijuana prices and perceptions of use risks predict cycles in youth marijuana use. Marijuana use among high school seniors declined to a recorded low between 1981 and 1992, when price more than tripled. The trend reversed itself after 1992, when price fell by 16 percent. The ...

Landmark school-based 'social influences' smoking-prevention program found not to work

...ces to smoke, but also to correct their inaccurate perceptions about smoking and motivate them to want to be smoke-free. The program was delivered by regular classroom teachers who had been specifically trained for the task by Hutchinson Center staff. Lessons engaged students in a wide variety of activities. Exa...

Mouse provides clues about chronic pain

...that allows nerve cells to communicate may enhance perceptions of chronic and persistent pain. In the February issue of Nature Neuroscience, they report the protein, called NR2B, makes mice more aware of minor pain for longer periods of time. "That sustained response appears to mimic what happens in people who...

Smoking prevention programs may miss minority teens

...t teenagers often yield to peer pressure and their perceptions of social norms in deciding whether to smoke. This study showed that African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders are less likely than white teenagers to be influenced by these factors in choosing whether to smoke. The finding ...

Uninsured patients don't manage chronic illness well, UCSF study finds

...onstantly struggled to secure medication. "Despite perceptions of poor, uninsured persons as inattentive, problem-ridden, and difficult to treat, the uninsured are trying to control their illnesses. Although they often have many other concerns, such as securing adequate food, shelter, finances, and caring for fa...

Maternal feeding practices are linked to childhood obesity

...w asking about her child-feeding attitudes and her perceptions of her childs overweight. Control variables that could influence the childrens weightsuch as socioeconomic status, energy intake, and body compositionwere also ascertained. A mothers degree of concern for whether her child is or will become overweigh...

Demand for emergency ambulances has risen

...f this. Research identifying influences on callers perceptions of urgency is necessary if we are to improve our understanding of the demand for emergency care and our ability to plan for the future, they conclude....

Attitude about exercise

...ults. Pender's work showed that adolescent girls' perceptions and responses to exercise tracked with the adults. About 100 girls were studied, ages 8 to 17, with fitness level and percent of body fat controlled in the analysis. Key findings included: Girls who are more confident in their physical activity sk...

African-American heart patients

...e SF-36, a questionnaire describingsuch factors as perceptions of general health, mental health and social functi... and is considered a reliable measure of patients' perceptions of theirquality of life. Final results are based on a 100-point scale. Patients also took the Se...

Surgeons dont offer women choices of treatment as often as they could

...(Wednesday 22 March) that, in addition, the womens perceptions of when they had been offered a choice by the surgeon differed significantly from the surgeons perceptions of when they had offered a choice. The sex of the surgeon also made a difference, with female surge...

Many junior doctors experience bullying

...nt during training are part of many junior doctors perceptions and experiences, they conclude....

Genetic tests could define us all as patients

...d of poorly understood tests, say the authors. The perceptions of risk resulting from such tests may bear little relation to the scientific facts and uncertainties. Inflated ideas about risks could result in people carrying such genes being treated unfairly in many areas, including employment or insurance, they ...

Cancer patients' loss of taste, smell compromises treatment

...y, the Duke researchers assessed the patients' own perceptions of their taste and smell deficits, then scored their ability to detect and recognize odors and flavors presented to them in a laboratory. Patients who reported the lowest degree of taste and smell ability, and who scored the lowest on the psychophysi...

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet

...act of an annual examination on a patient's health perceptions and behavior. "If careful study documents that patients who get annual examinations feel better, behave healthier, undergo more appropriate screening, and trust their physicians more than patients who do not have annual examinations, skeptics would n...

Understanding cancer patients' needs, concerns, is key to improving clinical trial participation

...ng by the patient that no other options exist; and perceptions by patients that they are required to be in a clinical trial. In phase two of the study, Paterniti and her colleagues are now conducting in-depth interviews with patients. After all the data have been gathered, the researchers hope to use their findi...

Researchers identify new signs of depression and anxiety in patients

...th measures were factored out. Rather, they found, perceptions of poor health, high levels of pain, disability and female gender were more closely linked to anxiety or depression than any specific medical diagnosis. "Female gender is often considered a risk factor for depression," Wu said, "but that may be beca...

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