Tag: "pneumonia" at medical news
Vaccine against childhood pneumonia shows promise
A vaccine against pneumonia
and invasive pneumococcal disease, a severe form o...le for up to half of all cases of severe childhood pneumonia
in developing countries. It also causes serious bloodstream infections, meningitis, and otitis media...
New estimates for the causes of child deaths worldwide
...hat occur annually are attributable to six causes: pneumonia
(19%), diarrhoea (18%), malaria (8%), neonatal sepsis or pneumonia
(10%), preterm delivery (10%), and asphyxia at birth (8%). Robert Black (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch...
Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide
...riod, primarily due to preterm delivery, sepsis or pneumonia
and birth asphyxia, should also be addressed. The new estimates of the causes of child deaths should be used to guide public-health policies and programs," he said. Previous research by Dr. Black and others has shown that many of the causes of child ...
Invasive pneumonia and antibiotic resistance decreased after childhood vaccine introduced
....9 per 100,000 by 2002. The incidence of invasive pneumonia
in Atlanta fell from a mean annual incidence of 30...ercent decrease. In addition to declining rates of pneumonia
in young children, the researchers also found significant drops in adults aged 20-39 (54 percent), 4...
Minorities, poor, uneducated bear the burden
...e health insurance, least likely to receive flu or pneumonia
vaccinations, and had the highest prevalence of poor or fair health. Data from the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) showed the median prevalence of obesity was 39.2 percent for American Indian men and 37.5 percent in women, c...
Three out of the four million newborn babies who die each year could be saved
...e care of small babies, or community management of pneumonia
with oral antibiotics, might be the most feasible option in the beginning to bring early success to saving newborn lives. The paper includes three real case studies, examining the cost and effect of varying options for saving the lives of newborns in...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (first issue)
...causing the lung to collapse. One patient who had pneumonia
subsequently died. The length of stays for patients with postsurgical pulmonary complications were almost 28 days, as contrasted with 4.5 days for patients who had no postsurgical complications. The four factors associated with an increased risk fo...
Branding practices in rural India should be banned
...dren under 5 years, 20 had been branded for either pneumonia
or convulsions, and eight had been branded to protect against pneumonia. All of them belonged to Hindu families, illiterate parents, and families in lower socioeconomic groups. In-depth interviews with the parents of branded children and villagers re...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2005 (second issue)
...enly contained a reference to a community-acquired pneumonia
statement. This statement should not have been included. Please disregard this piece of the press release. Please contact Suzy Martin by phone at (212) 315-8631 or via e-mail at email@example.com with questions. MONTELUKAST SIGNIFICANTLY REDU...
Flu vaccination benefits people of any age with high-risk medical conditions
... well as death or hospitalization for influenza or pneumonia
in the elderly. "The results of our study lend strong support for the view that all high-risk persons benefit from annual influenza vaccination regardless of age," the authors conclude. "Therefore, efforts should be renewed to convince providers and...
Flu vaccination impact on elderly deaths may be over-estimated
...rated information on deaths among the elderly from pneumonia
and influenza and all other causes from 33 winter seasons from 1968-2001. "Our results, based on national vital statistics, are simply not consistent with the very large mortality benefits reported in observational studies," the authors write. The au...
Teaching a less obvious medical skill -- Ethical decision-making
...ctor may feel additional care is important because pneumonia
is treatable with antibiotics. Improved communication may help everyone agree on what the goal of care should be and then understand what may facilitate that goal. For students in training, the biggest challenge may be handling the feeling of uncerta...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2005 (first issue)
... infusion hastened the resolution of the patients' pneumonia
and prevented the development of life-threatening ...of 10 mg per hour for 7 days. Another group of 23 pneumonia
patients received a placebo of sterile saline in an equal volume. In the control group, one patient...
Feb. 1, 2005, Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet
.... A study of 203 patients with community-acquired pneumonia
and low risk for dying found that about 80 percent...ecision to treat a patient with community-acquired pneumonia
at home or in the hospital is very important (Editorial, p. 215). Inpatient care is expensive, and o...
Study naming hospitals in top 5% for clinical quality released by HealthGrades
...bypass, angioplasty, stroke and community acquired pneumonia
52,949 lives could have been saved from 2001 to 2...ailable), and 19.55 percent for community-acquired pneumonia
The Distinguished Hospitals for Clinical Excellence had better patient outcomes despite the fact th...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for January 2005 (first issue)
... microbiologically confirmed ventilator-associated pneumonia
(VAP), the most frequent hospital-acquired infection in patients on mechanical ventilation. The investigators studied procalcitonin as a prognostic marker in VAP among 63 patients enrolled in the study. Among the 63 patients, 38 (60 percent) had un...
Study explores antibiotic misuse
...life-threatening conditions such as meningitis and pneumonia
may be useless within 50 years. "It's a federal issue. We are in big trouble in this country if we don't get our antibiotic use under control. Sounds alarmist? It's not," says the physician, who in the last year has seen children in the emergency r...
Rare type of pneumonia occurring at higher than normal rate among US troops in Iraq
Two deaths have been attributed to a rare type of pneumonia
that is occurring among U.S. troops in Iraq at a h...ecember 22/29 issue of JAMA . Acute eosinophilic pneumonia
(AEP) is a rare disease characterized by a fever, respiratory failure, and an infiltration of the lu...
Discovery of key protein's shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine
...ered that the shape of a protein on the surface of pneumonia
bacteria helps these germs invade the human bloods...dren from this infection," Tuomanen said. Current pneumonia
vaccines designed to protect adults against more than two dozen strains of S. pneumoniae do not work...
ZYVOX(R) demonstrates high success rate for patients who develop MRSA surgical site infections
...ns of the designated microorganisms: Nosocomial pneumonia
caused by Staph aureus (methicillin-susceptible and -resistant strains) or Streptococcus pneumoniae (including multidrug-resistant strains [MDRSP]). MDRSP refers to isolates resistant to two or more of the following antibiotics: penicillin, second-ge...
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