Tag: "policies" at medical news
The history and controversy behind post-menopausal hormone therapy
...bjectives can and did produce health practices and policies
of questionable benefit. A critical analysis publishing in the recent issue of the Journal of Social Issues examines the back-story and key stakeholders--including the women who the authors say, "emerge as both willing participants and unwilling vic...
Folic acid recommendations have had little impact on birth defects
... cases of neural tube defects were identified, and policies
and recommendations regarding folic acid were ascertained. Recommendations alone did not seem to influence trends in neural tube defects, despite the proved effectiveness of folic acid. The authors estimate that thousands of pregnancies that would ot...
British conservatives should beware of Australian health service reforms
...," say the authors. "They show, however, that such policies
create increased fiscal burdens for government, increase in equality in funding care, and have no observable effects on efficiency." They conclude: "British and continental European conservatives should beware of the simple solutions used by their An...
Campus can be effective site for anti-smoking efforts
... 30 percent of women smoking less after smoke-free policies
were implemented at a German university, and 91 percent of nonsmokers and 68 percent of smokers approved of the new restrictions. Among adults in the United States, young people age 18 to 24 have the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking -- 28.5 pe...
Certain gun storage practices can reduce risk of youth firearm injuries, suicide
...eaths among adolescents and children. Programs and policies
designed to reduce accessibility of guns to youth, by keeping households guns locked and unloaded, deserve further attention as one avenue toward the prevention of firearm injuries in this population," the authors write. (JAMA. 2005;293:707-714. Avai...
Parents comfortable with vaccination for sexually transmitted infections for adolescent children
... strategies for dissemination, and the creation of policies
necessary to reduce barriers." Vaccination will only be effective if it is taken up widely, the editorial authors added. "Thus, it will take a body of research on STI vaccine acceptance, such as that being conducted by Zimet et al, to ensure that onc...
Poverty in Northern Ireland
...findings into poverty in Northern Ireland and what policies
might be effective in reducing it. Professors Pad...amine the inequality impact of existing and future policies
A re-examination of Section 75 of the 1998 Northern Ireland Act, which places a duty on public aut...
State policies decrease youth smoking, drinking and sex
... teenagers. However, we want to caution that state policies
are neither the only nor the most important influence on risky behaviors by teens. Other factors, such as parental involvement, may have been taking place outside of our study," said David M. Bishai, MD, MPH, PhD, lead author of the study and an asso...
Need better social research but it doesn't come cheap
...shorter-term factors. In such a situation, basing policies
on what would actually make people better off in the longer term will not necessarily be a recipe for electoral success in the shorter term, he argues. "These are not reasons for researchers to abandon trying for a more accurate view of how comfortab...
From town planning to intimate sex: Understanding the risks in our lives
...mplex and changing context, and the greater use of policies
which emphasize individual responsibility and pro-activity in a range of areas from social welfare to education, and the regulation of the media to retirement. Projects in the network include: studies of sexual relations and intimacy; how ideas a...
Risk and intimate relationships: Can hope triumph over experience in an age of 'messy' lives?
...t are expected to be valuable for those developing policies
for marriage and family support, or involved with issues of family law and policy....
Study links racial and ethnic gap in youth violence to social factors
...g the social benefits of marriage and labor-market policies
that support stable marriages. The study also attributes the low rate of violent behavior among Mexican-American youth to three protective factors: having married parents, living in neighborhoods with a high concentration of immigrants and their own...
Researchers map the sexual network of an entire high school
...work." The results have implications for designing policies
to stop the spread of sexually transmitted disease...ents, and not extremely active sexually. So social policies
that could help some of them protect themselves from STDs could break a lot of these chains that can...
Many of George Bush's health policies likely to be controversial
Many health policies
under George Bush's second term in office are like...of health savings accounts. Several other domestic policies
are likely to prove controversial, write the authors. The expected change in the composition of the ...
Most alcohol-related plane crashes occur at night and in worsening weather conditions
... provide additional evidence that 'zero tolerance' policies
on alcohol are justified. Alcohol is a contributing risk factor in fatal plane crashes." The researchers will now focus on nighttime flying in different weather conditions and develop test programs to improve aviation safety, such as routine spot ch...
Detoxification in nation's jails falls short
... community methadone clinics, the need for uniform policies
regarding methadone maintenance programs in jails, and improved education for health-care workers in jails. Researchers surveyed 500 jails, including the 200 largest jails and a random sampling of the remaining 300. Of the 245 (49 percent) that ...
Potentially fatal toxicities occur with off-label use of cancer drugs
CHICAGO --- Food and Drug Administration policies
prevent pharmaceutical manufacturers from informin...l toxicities that occur with some cancer drugs -- policies
that should be revised immediately, according to Northwestern University researchers. Andrew M. Ev...
CIGNA settlement favorable to psychologists
...o improve managed care administrative services and policies
when CIGNA agreed to change its policies
and procedures to better ensure easier and faster processing of transactions for claims as well as p...
Anniversary of one of the largest hepatitis A outbreaks in the US brings experts together
...able diseases in the country. Current immunization policies
are limited to children in states with high incidence rates. However, these states account for only half of all reported cases of hepatitis A in the country, leaving many at risk for contracting the disease. Devastating Outbreaks that Could be Prev...
Important priorities for prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS
...people already sexually active; and programmes and policies
aimed at reducing the number of sexual partners and promoting correct and consistent condom use in high-risk groups. The commentary is a consensus statement signed by over 140 HIV/AIDS experts from 36 countries, and includes such notable endorsers as...
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