Tag: "pollutants" at medical news
Chemists Discover That Aerosol Clusters Play Larger Role In Generation Of Air Pollution
...ated. Researchers generally have assumed that many pollutants
form from simplereactions between two molecules that happen to bump together in the atmosphere. Garvey and his co-authors, Dong Nam Shin, Ph.D., former post-doctoral researcherin the UB Department of Chemistry, and Robert L. DeLeon, Ph.D., UB adjunc...
Product design and drug development breakthroughs help the environment
...ciety. This year's winners: U Using enzymes to cut pollutants
in drug manufacturing (LaJolla, Calif.) - Professo...olatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants
(HAPs).The technologies developed in the company's work with polyurethane coatings results will redu...
Put a polymer in your tank
...ercent decrease in emissions of such environmental pollutants
as carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides, according to Paul Waters, Ph.D., a professor emeritus at American University in Washington, D.C. He is also a scientific advisor to General Technology Applications, in Gainesville, Va., t...
Chronic lead contamination in San Francisco Bay shows long-term persistence of lead from past use of leaded gasoline
... that contaminated rivers and estuaries can retain pollutants
like lead for a very long time. Douglas Steding, a...ing to Flegal, other heavy metals and some organic pollutants
are likely to show similar patterns of persistence in the environment. These include contaminants, s...
Weeding out better wines
... lack of residual pesticides, herbicides and other pollutants
has given Australia's food a high international standing, and a very valuable one commercially. It's a reputation that needs constant vigilance. As Australian producers are increasingly aware, one contamination scare would do their food export t...
Microbes and the dust they ride in on pose potential health risks
... July 2000, Garrison collected samples of airborne pollutants
and dust daily on the island of St. John in the Virgin Islands and sent them to the USGS laboratory in St. Petersburg, Florida, for microbial analysis by Griffin. He compared his results with satellite observations tracking dust clouds from North Afr...
Air pollution may trigger asthma in young athletes
...al health researchers have tracked levels of major pollutants
and monitored the respiratory health of more than ...V inside the house." Athletes get a higher dose of pollutants
to the lung, because they must breathe rapidly and deeply. In addition, most sports are played outsi...
Air pollution causes healthy blood vessels to constrict
...ironmentally relevant concentrations of common air pollutants
that can occur in urban settings adversely affect the blood vessels of healthy people, Brook says.Brook adds that more research is needed to fully understand why air pollution has negative effects on blood vessels and to clarify the public health imp...
Air pollutants in low-income housing, child-care centers
...w study at Cornell University. "We found levels of pollutants
in homes and child-care facilities that we should ...ell. "Even low levels of exposure to some of these pollutants
is dangerous, and if you have a child who lives in a home with high radon, lead and mold levels and ...
Study confirms air pollution linked to slowed lung function growth in children
... of Medicine of USC have monitored levels of major pollutants
in a dozen Southern California communities since 1...d air every day, especially on days when levels of pollutants
exceed state and federal standards for air quality. The area's layout as a basin, as well as the typ...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for July (first issue)
...o reported spending more time outdoors. Of all the pollutants
studied, acid vapor showed the most consistent effect on lung functiongrowth for the cohort. The air pollution data came from monitoring stations in the 12 study communities; pollution levels were monitored continuously. The investigators said that...
Teenage boys exposed to environmental pollutants
...r evidence that adolescent boys exposed to organic pollutants
are less likely to father a male child in adulthood. Investigators from the National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Taiwan, and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, studied the sex of over 2000 children born to individuals ...
UB researcher observes strong statistical correlation between prevalence of diabetes, air pollution
...tors. "The nature of the relationship between air pollutants
and diabetes remains to be determined, but there i...se Inventory (TRI), a list of the discharge of air pollutants
over certain levels that industry must report, and which are available on the Web site of the Enviro...
Air pollution linked with risk for exercise-induced heart damage
...r less than 0.1 micrometers. They are the type of pollutants
that spew from exhaust pipes. Both types of particulate air pollution increased the risk of ST segment depression about three-fold, says Pekkanen. Ultra fine particles increased risk for ST segment depression 3.29 times, while PM2.5 was associated ...
When moms smoke, certain kids are more vulnerable
...archers. Scientists have monitored levels of major pollutants
in 12 Southern California communities since 1993 while carefully following the respiratory health of thousands of children in these areas. Previous research has shown that environmental tobacco smoke impairs lung growth and development in children, a...
UCI researchers leading the effort to understand the causes and effects of air pollution
...on, Zender says, these plumes also carry other air pollutants
that impact global warming and play a greater role...ace greater risks of developing lung diseases from pollutants
in smog. Robert Phalen, director of UCI's Air Pollution Health Effects Laboratory, has spent more th...
People near freeways are exposed to 30 times the concentration of dangerous particles
... that vehicular exhaust is a major source of these pollutants
near a major roadway. The SCPCS -- housed in the School of Public Health and the Institute of the Environment at UCLA, and funded by the EPA's Science To Achieve Results (STAR) program and California Air Resources Board -- brings together outstanding...
Cleaner air linked to reduced death rates
...to 1994. Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants
(black smoke and nitrogen dioxide) was estimated for the home address in 1986 of each participant. 11% of the study population died during follow-up; people who lived near a main road were around twice as likely to die from cardiopulmonary disease (a...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for October (second issue)
...d to the outside, may emit a high concentration of pollutants
into the indoor air, including inhalable particles, carbon monoxide, and nitric dioxide. The research appears in the second issue for October 2002 of the American Thoracic Society's peer-reviewed American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Med...
Laser technology helps measure pollution from NYC buses
...atively fuel efficient, but produce nitrogen oxide pollutants
that can contribute to photochemical smog as well ...g cancer. Photochemical smog develops when primary pollutants
(nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds created from fossil fuel combustion) interact with s...
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