Tag: "predictor" at medical news

Late developers may run higher risk of infection than sexually mature younger teens

...actors, young gynaecological age remained a strong predictor of infection risk. The authors say that early maturers, who start their periods before the age of 12, have high oestrogen levels and develop physically faster than late developers. This could help cut their infection risk. They conclude: "We sugge...

Cultural and social factors influence prostate cancer treatment

...on. Independently, marriage was also an important predictor of treatment: married men in all three groups were much more likely than unmarried men to receive curative treatment over watchful waiting, and they were also more likely than their unmarried counterparts to receive prostatectomy compared with radiat...

Uric acid and heart disease

...urement of serum uric acid has been suggested as a predictor of CHD. But many of the studies on serum uric acid are epidemiologic studies and have come to different conclusions about how useful measurement of uric acid is. This study, along with a systematic review which combines their findings with those o...

New self-help technology set to combat eating disorders

...aled that an early reduction in vomiting is a good predictor of positive longer-term outcomes in the treatment of bulimia. Many patients with bulimia nervosa find it hard to access evidence based treatment such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). Although it is one of the preferred treatments for emotiona...

Waist size linked to diabetes risk in adult men

The circumference of a man's waist is a better predictor of his risk of developing type 2 diabetes than his body mass index (BMI), which is a weight-to-height ratio, or waist-to-hip ratio alone. This finding, published in the March 2005 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is based on data...

Simple blood test may help to predict cardiovascular risk in older women

...ite blood cell (leukocyte) count as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events [for example, heart attac...reactive protein, the WBC count was an independent predictor of coronary heart disease risk, comparable in magnitude to C-reactive protein (CRP)." "In summary, w...

Obesity among African-American stroke survivors increases risk factors for recurrent stroke

...uthors write. 'Although BMI was not an independent predictor of stroke occurrence, obesity nearly doubled the odds of having a metabolic syndrome compared with the odds of those with a normal BMI having DM, HTN and DL. Furthermore, increasing BMI had a negative association with blood pressure and glycemic [blo...

Neurobehavioral function during coma, stroke rehabilitation effective for elderly

...red at one week post stroke was the most important predictor of function five weeks post stroke. There was no evidence to suggest that recovery of the lower limb is very different from recovery of the upper limb within five weeks post stroke. Stroke outcomes database joins patient information from several s...

Study finds direct association between cardiovascular disease and periodontal bacteria

...so tend to have thicker carotid arteries, a strong predictor of stroke and heart attack. An investigative team of researchers from the University of Minnesota (Minneapolis) and Columbia University (New York City) presented their findings today at the 83rd General Session of the International Association for De...

Breakthrough in medical research: New chemotherapy gives hope to brain tumour patients

...s a prognositic factor for survival, but also as a predictor for response to chemotherapy. This observation paves the way for using the unique tumor genetic signature as a guide for individualizing therapy and optimizing outcome."...

Is your job giving you a heart attack? Occupational health conference answers that, and more

...rio have identified how job stress levels can be a predictor of burnout rate among nurses. In a study observing 192 nurses, the researchers identified how high psychological demands and low levels of decision-making authority are directly related to work effectiveness and ultimately job burnout. The researcher...

Depression predicts heart rhythm abnormalities in heart attack patients

...spitalized for a heart attack can be a significant predictor of ventricular tachycardia," Smith said. "Also, th...s suggest that depression can be a useful clinical predictor of ventricular tachycardia," she said. While the researchers cannot determine whether there is a cau...

Biochemical marker aids prognosis in liver transplant patients

...the study "shows that hyponatremia is an excellent predictor of outcome in patients with advanced cirrhosis and significantly increases the efficacy of MELD to predict waitlist mortality." The work outlined in this news alert was supported by the Foundation for Research and Education in Liver Diseases in Bueno...

New bedside tool gauges mortality risk in heart failure patients

... hospital admission and found that the best single predictor for mortality was a high blood urea nitrogen level, (above 43 mg/dL), followed by a low systolic blood pressure (above 115 mm Hg) and a high serum creatinine (higher than 2.75 mg/dL). "This validated risk tree provides clinicians with a practical, e...

Other highlights in the February 2 JNCI

...to a new study. Lymph node status is the strongest predictor of outcome for colorectal cancer patients. Only 40% of patients with lymph node metastases will survive for 5 years after diagnosis compared with 68% of patients with no metastases. Detection of lymph node metastases, therefore, is important for pred...

Animal study shows link between nicotine and atrial flutter

...onic obstructive pulmonary disease, an independent predictor of atrial flutter. These findings have raised the possibility that a causal link might exist between nicotine and atrial flutter in patients with myocardial infarction. Atrial flutter is a type of rapid heart rate caused by the upper chambers of t...

Authors warn of inaccuracies concerning use of race in health & social science research

...ocial policy concerns. "Race remains a significant predictor of which groups will have greater access to societal goods and resources and which groups will face barriers...the fact of inequality renders race an important social policy concern." The Meaning of Race in Psychology and How To Change It: A Methodol...

Researchers identify the link between heart failure and weight loss

...wasting. Although this weight loss is an important predictor of poor outcome in heart failure, the mechanisms underlying this association are poorly understood. Previous studies in rats by Patrick Delafontaine and colleagues from Tulane Medical University Center showed that administration of angiotensin II cau...

No advantage of combination drug therapy for chronic hepatitis B Infection

... the importance of hepatitis B virus genotype as a predictor of response to pegylated interferon -2 treatment. Dr Janssen comments: "Just like in chronic hepatitis C, the genotype of the hepatitis B virus will tell us what the likelihood of response is. It will become our best tool towards individualized trea...

Research finds people with migraine headaches report more angina, but not more heart disease

...om perfect, and in studies to date, it is a better predictor in men than in women. "Our assessment of aura was limited to visual aura, which is the most common and includes patient reports of seeing spots, jagged lines or heat waves in one or both eyes," Rose said. Not all people with migraines experience aura...

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