Tag: "predicts" at medical news

Child care may affect entire community's risks of infection

...as well as in communities. Individually, the model predicts the risk of pneumococcal carriage is two to three ... non-attendee. The model goes one step further: it predicts that communities with more children in child care for a longer period of time have higher carriage r...

Flu pandemic coming, US not prepared

.... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) predicts even a "mild" pandemic could kill at least 100,000 people if the nation is not prepared. "This year's serious problems with flu vaccine supply showed us just how unprepared we are," says Andrew T. Pavia, chair of IDSA's Pandemic Influenza Task Force...

NHS stop-smoking services are insufficient to deliver national smoking targets

...s by 0.1%-0.3%. If the trend continues, the study predicts that Stop-Smoking Services may deliver less than 1% of the 2010 target of a 5% fall in smoking prevalence. Government targets on reducing smoking ignore the health inequalities gap says the author, which is made more disturbing given the poorer healt...

Neurobehavioral function during coma, stroke rehabilitation effective for elderly

...d.org . Disorders of Consciousness Scale reliably predicts recovery of consciousness from coma, pg 1 This study, the first of a two-part series, examines the development of and psychometric properties of the Disorders of Consciousness Scale (DOCS), which measures neurobehavioral functioning during coma. Vet...

Breakthrough in medical research: New chemotherapy gives hope to brain tumour patients

... identifying a molecular change in the tumour that predicts benefit from this new therapy. Future brain tumour trials by the EORTC will continue to integrate clinical and basic research to further refine the molecular basis of brain cancer, find new therapeutic targets, and develop and test new treatments. Th...

New scale predicts recovery of consciousness from coma after brain injury

...ctioning during coma from severe brain injury that predicts recovery of consciousness up to one year after injury, with up to 86 percent certainty. Theresa Louise-Bender Pape, assistant research professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, and her ...

Computational tool predicts how drugs work in cells, advancing efforts to design better medicines

...omputational ally -- a mathematical algorithm that predicts the precise effects a given compound will have on a cell's molecular components or chemical processes. Using this tool, drug developers can design compounds that will act on only desired gene and protein targets, eliciting therapeutic responses free...

Even mild depression increases long-term mortality in heart failure

...elated in heart failure patients, depression alone predicts a significantly worse progrnosis after one year. Jiang is currently investigating whether the use of anti-depressant medication has an effect on the outcomes of depressed heart failure patients. Joining Jiang in the study were Duke colleagues Maragat...

Current daily smoking may be associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and attempts

...eported that symptoms of depression in adolescents predicts their starting smoking and that major depression leads to an increased risk for regular smoking and dependence; therefore, a history of depression must be considered when examining suicide in smokers. Naomi Breslau, Ph.D., from Michigan State Univers...

How often should women get mammograms?

...te in Boston have devised a mathematical tool that predicts how the frequency of mammograms affects the number... provides for 18 screenings between 40 and 79, and predicts a mortality reduction of 26 percent. Women who have a higher breast cancer risk because of their fa...

More Britons live alone

...t increase in those living on their own. The study predicts that this trend will continue. According to the latest statistics, the population has grown by five per cent over the past 30 years, but the number of households with just one occupant is up by 31 per cent. In their late teens and early 20s, either ...

JCI table of contents, January 20 2005

Molecule predicts colon cancer patient survival Harvard researchers have examined the factors that help spur the progression of colorectal cancer and identified the integrin [alpha]v[beta]6 as an important risk factor for development of early-stage disease. They fur...

2004's top 10 hot topics in plastic surgery

...s skin and contour their smaller bodies. The ASPS predicts these procedures will continue to rise as Americans tackle the obesity epidemic. 4. More injectables Continuing an exciting trend which began with Botox in 2002, the FDA approves Sculptra, Hylaform Plus and Captique TM . Popularity of minimally in...

News briefs from the Journal CHEST, December 2004

...ORTALITY RATES IN SMOKERS A new statistical model predicts lung cancer mortality rates in smokers and former smokers, without prior screening. Utilizing data from the Carotene and Reinol Efficacy Trial (CARET), researchers from New York, NY, Milan, Italy, and Lyon, France, developed a formula to predict lun...

Study finds lemons, lilac among top 10 smells that predict Alzheimer's Disease

...ll of lemons, lilac, leather and seven other odors predicts which patients with minimal to mild cognitive impairment (MMCI) will develop Alzheimer's Disease, according to a study presented today at the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) annual meeting. For patients with MMCI, the odor identif...

Research by scientists affiliated with the Earth Institute at Columbia University

...ration curve the standard for radiocarbon dating," predicts Fairbanks. Richard Fairbanks, Professor, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences (DEES) ( Fairbanks@ldeo.columbia.edu , 845-365-8499), and Clara Chiu, graduate student. Dr. Fairbanks will also, separately, present a refined mod...

U of M research explores addiction as a computational process

... cueing stimuli. In TDRL, once the value function predicts the reward, learning stops. Cocaine and other addictive drugs, however, produce a momentary increase in dopamine through neuropharmacological mechanisms, thereby continuing to drive learning, forcing the brain to over-select choices which lead to ge...

Immigration & psychiatric disorders

...s consistent with the 'healthy migrant' model that predicts that foreign-born persons in good health are more likely than those in poor health to immigrate to the United States. However, this hypothesis does not explain the study's finding that risk for drug dependence and specific mood and anxiety disorders ...

Humble Planaria worm offers ideal model for drug withdrawal research

...since. Because of its many advantages, however, he predicts they might experience a resurgence of use in scientific research over the next couple of years. Before Raffa entered academia, he was a scientist at Johnson & Johnson, where he conducted important work on the analgesic drug Tramadol. Today, he co...

NCI scientists create model that predicts follicular lymphoma survival

...al Institutes of Health, have created a model that predicts the survival of follicular lymphoma patients based on the molecular characteristics of their tumors at diagnosis. The model is based on two sets of genes--called survival-associated signatures--whose activity was found to be associated with good or ...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... cancer care respects the fact that a patient,s ... requires treatment. Over a third of cancer patients ... of their conditions. And, increasingly, care providers are ... patients navigate mental health challenges. A University of ... journal Psycho-Oncology asks an important question: ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... The development of minimally and even non-invasive technologies is ... for instance, to carry out a range of operative ... scalpel, leaving only tiny scars as a result. Similar ... active agents to patients – instead of using injections ... be possible to supply them via a plaster which ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... certain prostate cancer medications are linked with an increased ... congestive heart failure or prior heart attacks. Published in ... and patients weigh the benefits and risks of the ... levels of male hormones in the body to prevent ... treatment for prostate cancer. Despite its anticancer effects, ADT ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... and outer body and organ surfaces in the human ... in the inner ear," said Moritz Gegg. Cilia – ... are precisely positioned on many of these epithelial cells. ... coordinated so precisely that for example mucus can be ... from sensory inner ear hair cells," added Heiko Lickert. ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... NY (October 27, 2014)—Although oral hormonal therapy is ... women with hormone receptor–positive tumors, about one-half of ... A study by Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) ... aromatase inhibitors (the most common type of hormone ... brand-name counterparts, increased treatment adherence by 50 percent. ...
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