Tag: "preferences" at medical news
University Of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) Study: Parents' Wishes, Uncertainty Determine Resuscitation Of Premature Infants
...wanted to identify whether physicians' or parents' preferences
primarilydetermine the amount of treatment, to examine what controls resuscitationdecisions and to learn whether initiating intensive care significantly postponesdeath among the babies that don't survive." A report on the research appears in ...
Patient Satisfaction And Decision Making Quality Greatly Improved During Improved Medical Consultations, UCSF Researchers Report
...size a patient'sdetailed medical history, personal preferences
and relevant medical information.As a result, brea...tion in the process, better tools to elicitpatient preferences
and describe treatment options are needed," Esserman says. "Our next step is to propose a more exten...
Hospitalists should work with patients' primary care physicians, according to
.... Hospitalists should routinely address patients' preferences
for end oflife care when patients are first admitted to the hospital and should becomeskilled in providing high quality end of life care....
Why don't doctors follow directions? Lack of information, confidence, time & readiness to change, says new study
...elvespresent a major hurdle; the fact that patient preferences
may not match nationalrecommendations was cited by more than 10 percent of doctors in all the surveysthat looked at this factor. Also seen as problems by a large percentage of physicians were the lack of areminder system, lack of counseling material...
Hormone replacement therapy use limited
...ly complex because women's risk levels, values and preferences
differ and because the scientific evidence of benefits and risks continues to evolve," said LaCroix, lead researcher in a study on information and decision making in menopausal women. The Department of Health and Human Services' Healthy People 200...
Increase in effective contraceptive use can reduce abortion rate
...haran Africa to two in the Western world. Spacing preferences
also influence the potential unintended pregnancy rate. Women who prefer longer birth intervals are at greater risk of experiencing unintended pregnancies. This consideration is important in the analysis of abortion rates, Bongaarts and Westoff say, ...
Many nursing home residents are malnourished and dehydrated, according to UCSF researcher Kayser-Jones
... what they eat, and their cultural and ethnic food preferences
are frequently ignored. Poor dental health also contributes to inadequate nutritional intake," she said. In a 1999 study of 40 nursing home residents, Kayser-Jones and her co-investigators found that only one nursing home resident consumed an adequat...
High rates of caesarean section do not reflect women's preferences
...ction in Brazil do not necessarily reflect women's preferences
for this type of delivery. Over 1100 pregnant wome...patients) were interviewed three times about their preferences
for delivery - twice during their pregnancy and again a month after their expected due date. The rat...
Alcohol preferences among pregnant Native and African American urban women
...lcohol Syndrome (FAS). This study examines alcohol preferences
among two groups considered most at-risk for infants with FAS: American Indians and African Americans. Alcoholic beverage preference was found to have a significant impact on fetal alcohol exposure. Many people are aware that drinking alcohol durin...
Study details costs of providing care inconsistent with patient wishes
...e-extending treatment was not in accord with their preferences
for palliation. This latter group had a one-year s...st physicians do not do well at predicting patient preferences
for care. In the study, patients who asked for comfort but who received life-extending care did not...
Steroid nasal spray more effective against hay fever
...nited States suffers from seasonal allergies, such preferences
have financial implications. Antihistamines are prescribed three times as often, even though intranasal corticosteroids are less expensive than the non-sedating antihistamines. Combining loratidine with montelukast increases the cost difference. A d...
Use of invasive heart procedures decreases after the age of 75
... large clinical trials and their survey of patient preferences
-- the key might lie in the complex interaction be...ed," Alexander said. "So, it appears that patient preferences
are unlikely to explain age-related declines in cardiac procedure use." Specifically, 82.6 p...
Surgeons dont offer women choices of treatment as often as they could
... such as age and education had no impact on womens preferences
for participation in treatment decision-making. This suggests that health care professionals should be cautious about stereotyping women and should be systematic in assessing each womans preference for participation in decision-making. Also, this re...
More patients would refuse treatment if the outcome were impaired quality of life
...icine and lead author of the article. "If patients preferences
are to be honored, they must be well understood. T... of those outcomes on older seriously ill patients preferences
for care. The study included 226 persons 60 years of age or older with a limited life expectancy bec...
Children as young as 5 have gender bias when it comes to picking a musical instrument
... that children as young as 5 exhibit stereotypical preferences
when it comes to musical instruments. Reporting i...researcher Betty Repacholi said these gender-based preferences
are considerably more fixed among boys than they are in girls. Even when some of the children in the...
Contraceptive needs of new mothers are unique and unmet
... demonstrates significant differences in needs and preferences
between new mothers and expectant mothers that underscore a new mothers desire to simplify her life. For example, significantly more new mothers than pregnant women surveyed agree that their ideal contraceptive would be easy to use, provide long-ter...
Hearing infants show preference for sign language over pantomime
...ldebrandt set up an experiment to check the visual preferences
of 17 boys and 17 girls. All of the infants had normal hearing, were full-term at birth and had no previous exposure to sign language or pantomime. Each child was held by their mother or an experimenter in front of two television monitors. One moni...
Feeding tubes may not help in severe dementia, yet use varies widely
...ritten evidence in an advance directive of patient preferences
to forgo a feeding tube, but this factor was not a...rs. "Use of feeding tubes comes down to individual preferences
of patients and whether using them achieves the treatment goals that patients value," Teno said. Dem...
Playful therapy garments for children receive patent
...earch. For example, it was used to identify wearer preferences
and garment criteria for female flight attendant uniforms and to develop garment criteria for kayakers' paddling jackets. Boles is presently working with a graduate class designing costumes for 13-year-old jazz dancers. "Every time you develop clothi...
This old house may put its occupants on path to good health
...ndividuals may select neighborhoods based on their preferences
for walkable environments rather than walking more because of the neighborhood environment." Also, the study includes data on ages of individual respondents' homes, rather than mean home ages of blocks or neighborhoods, which the researchers say may ...
1 2 3