Tag: "preterm" at medical news
New estimates for the causes of child deaths worldwide
... malaria (8%), neonatal sepsis or pneumonia (10%), preterm
delivery (10%), and asphyxia at birth (8%). Robert...s, deaths in the neonatal period, primarily due to preterm
delivery, sepsis or pneumonia, and birth asphyxia should also be addressed. The new estimates of the...
Study provides new estimates of the causes of child mortality worldwide
...es: pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, neonatal sepsis, preterm
delivery and asphyxia at birth. Researchers at the...d, deaths in the neonatal period, primarily due to preterm
delivery, sepsis or pneumonia and birth asphyxia, should also be addressed. The new estimates of the...
NYU College of Dentistry study equates poor oral health with preterm birth risk
...y and caries (cavities) are at risk for delivering preterm
low birth weight (PLBW) babies, according to a stu...riodontology. The study marks the first time that preterm
delivery has been associated with oral bacteria other than those which cause infections of the gums ...
Oral bacteria may predict pregnancy outcomes
... certain bacteria from the mouth may be related to preterm
delivery and low birthweight according to a study ...ontal disease may be a factor in the occurrence of preterm
low birthweight babies. Now it is believed that bacteria commonly found in dental plaque biofilms ma...
Sunflower seed oil can protect low birth weight babies from infection
...tudy published online by THE LANCET. The skin of a preterm
baby is immature and lacks vernix, a protective cu...s recruited 497 newborn (72 hours old or less) and preterm
babies (less than 33 weeks gestation) between 1998 and 2003 in Bangladesh. The babies were randomly ...
Medical technologies may hinder rather than help newborn survival
... in 2004. The authors suggest that the increase in preterm
birth rates might have resulted from either accele...bination of increased rates of low birthweight and preterm
deliveries with improved care of neonates. This information presents new challenges for the local an...
Women successfully treated to prevent preterm labor at low risk for recurrent episode
...e majority of expectant mothers treated to prevent preterm
labor will deliver at or near term. "We found tha...repeat episode, which is about a baseline risk for preterm
delivery," says Brian Brost, M.D., Mayo Clinic high-risk pregnancy specialist and study co-author. "...
Progesterone therapy could prevent thousands of preterm births
WHITE PLAINS, N.Y., JAN. 31, 2005 -- Nearly 10,000 preterm
births could have been prevented in 2002 if all pr...would have been a reduction in the overall rate of preterm
birth (before 37 completed weeks gestation) in the United States of about 2 percent -- from the 2002...
Outlook is bleak for the smallest premature babies: 80 percent have impairment
...roblem in America and unfortunately, the number of preterm
births is rising each year," said Scott D. Berns, ... loss." "More research on the underlying causes of preterm
birth is needed if we are to reverse this trend," Dr. Berns said. "The March of Dimes wants to prev...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for January 2005 (first issue)
...heir test results with 31 patients with asthma, 31 preterm
children without BPD, and 31 healthy control child...han did either the healthy control subjects or the preterm
children without BPD. For their individual lung function test values, 9 of the subjects with BPD ha...
National Academies news: Gulf War and Health
... bladder cancers; asthma; and low birth weight and preterm
births by women exposed while pregnant. Likewise, the evidence for an association between hydrazine exposure and lung cancer fits this definition. If several studies of adequate quality consistently fail to show a positive association at any level ...
Infection in ELBW infants linked with poor neurodevelopmental, growth outcomes
...mplication among ELBW (14.2 ounces to 35.3 ounces) preterm
infants, and are associated with short-term illness and increased risk of death, according to background information in the article. Barbara J. Stoll, M.D., of the Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, and colleagues conducted a study to de...
Infections in low-birth-weight infants are associated with impaired neurodevelopment and growth
...mine whether our findings are applicable to larger preterm
infants or to full-term infants, and also to assess the long-term impact of neonatal infections later on in childhood. Most importantly, though, it will be essential to develop interventions to reduce the high rates of infection in extremely-low-bir...
Premature infants with lung disease may continue to need replacement substance to ease breathing
...arrying out a pilot trial of surfactant therapy in preterm
infants older than 7 days, and they are planning a clinical trial to investigate short- and long-term safety and effectiveness of surfactant treatment in these infants. ...
Breathing problems during sleep may affect mental development in infants and young children
...rst study, researchers evaluated 256 full-term and preterm
infants at one year of age with a standardized tes...ther factors known to affect mental development in preterm
infants. The study also found that full-term infants who experienced the abnormal episodes scored lo...
Study suggests breastfeeding reduces cardiovascular risk later in life
...Health, London, UK, assessed prospectively whether preterm
infants who were breastfed were less likely to have markers for atherosclerosis than preterm
infants given formula milk. The investigators followed up 216 teenagers (aged 13-16 years) who had...
UNC study may help predict premature infants at risk of total blindness
CHAPEL HILL -- In a new study of preterm
infants at risk for a blinding eye disease called retinopathy of prematurity, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers have found features within the retina that may predict eyes more likely to become blind from totalretinal detachment...
MRI superior to ultrasound in predicting cerebral palsy in preterm infants
...ging technique used. "For managing the acutely ill preterm
newborn, especially for intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, ultrasound is indicated. If there are other or additional concerns (for example, white matter injury), then MRI with diffusion tensor imaging is clearly superior,"...
Some infertile couples unaware of multiple birth risks
...n the study, 95 percent, were aware of the risk of preterm
delivery. "The underlying interest for the study was that the number of multiple births has rapidly expanded. Although some of this is driven by physician practice, some of the increase is due to patient preference. We wanted to better understand tha...
Day-care services could be option for pregnancy complications
...illness over a few hours. Similarly, patients with preterm
premature rupture of the fetal membranes can fail to manifest signs of sepsis until it is overwhelming. A larger sample might have included patients with a rapidly developing illness, for whom hospital care would have made a difference"....