Tag: "prevalence" at medical news
Exercise Is The Best Means Of Weight Control In Teenagers
...w eating disorders and that the differences in the prevalence
of disorders between the sexes were largely accounted for by the high rates of dieting at a younger age and psychiatric morbidity in girls. They say that in adolescents, controlling weight by exercise rather than diet restriction seems to carry less...
Slowing Excess Weight Gain In Childhood Appears To Reduce Adult Heart Disease Risk
...h implications are compelling," Sinaiko says. "The prevalence
of overweight youth is increasing, and childhood obesitypredicts adult obesity. Public policy needs to develop a strategy for healthierchildren without turning the childhood population into weight and dietoverreactors." The problem, acknowle...
Prevalence Of Sexual Abuse In Men
...periences as adults. These men suffered a greater prevalence
of psychological problems than the general populat...idemiological data to be recorded in Europe on the prevalence
of non-consensual sexual experiences in men and the authors say that their figures are likely to be ...
Statement from Claude Lenfant, M.D., NHLBI Director, on Trends in Hypertension
...e 1980s was accompanied by striking declinesin the prevalence
of the highest blood pressure levels (3 and 4) down to moremoderate levels (1 and 2). High blood pressure at stage 3 is systolic bloodpressure of 180 to 209 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of 110 to 119 mm Hg.Stage 4 high blood pressure is systolic...
New Findings On Asthma And Breastfeeding, Obesity And Asthma And Snoring And Pre-eclampsia At ALA/ATS Meeting
...zation inAmerican and Australian children, and the prevalence
of is asthma increasing in bothcountries. In Australia, while nearly 90% of babies are breastfed when theyleave the hospital, by age 3 months half are no longer exclusivelybreastfeeding. In the United States, even fewer 3-month-olds are exclusivelybr...
Heart Experts Call For Action Against Missed Opportunities To Prevent Heart Disease In Women
...eduction. There are alarming trends in the prevalence
and management of riskfactors in women. The prevalence
of obesity in American women is increasing. About 25 percent of woman report no regular sustained ph...
Asthma In American Indian And Alaska Native Children
...ess in theUnited States, little is known about its prevalence
among American Indian andAlaska Native children. ...ative children ages 1-17 years old to estimate the prevalence
ofasthma in this group. The data used for this study came from a 1987 national survey of ho...
Near-Sightedness In Children Linked To Light Exposure During Sleep Before Age Two
... also offers anovel explanation for the increasing prevalence
of myopia over the last twocenturies, as populations shifted from agricultural to urban, industrializedenvironments. Many clinicians and investigators have theorized that so-callednearwork - reading and other close-at-hand occupations - is responsibl...
Older, disabled women have trouble managing pain
...NIA's Epidemiology and Demography Office. "Thehigh prevalence
of pain found in this study, coupled with the finding that manywomen with severe pain are getting little relief, is certainly cause forconcern." Researchers examined data on 1,002 participants in the Baltimore areaage 65 and older in the Wo...
Universal antenatal HIV screening needed in areas of high prevalence
... be given for other areas in England, depending on prevalence
and screening costs The lifetime costs of care for...h mothers and children, say Postma et al. In high prevalence
areas, screening pregnant women for HIV is estimated to be a cost effective intervention with a net ...
Alcohol researchers prove brief intervention successful in older problem drinkers
...cted in health care settings have found increasing prevalence
ofalcoholism among older adults. In acute care hos...t attacks, and some surveys have foundnursing home prevalence
of problem drinking to be as high as 49 percent. A 1996 study conducted in community clinics report...
Help for women's urinary tract infections
...rto doctor and region to region. Despite its wide prevalence
and theavailability of inexpensive antibiotic treatments, physicians don't all treatcystitis the same way. The result is unnecessary office visits, excess labtests including urine cultures, and needless suffering as patients wait forappointments and...
UNC-CH study shows compressed air sleeve prevents blood clots during hip replacement
...d providedcomparison figures. "The overall prevalence
of thromboembolism was similar to that reportedwith either warfarin or heparin, but there were fewer serious bleedingcomplications," the surgeon said....
MGH study shows mitral valve prolapse not a stroke risk factor
...es of the condition, questioning beliefs about its prevalence
and relationto a variety of diseases. Using new c...0 years (1985 to 1995), theresearch team found the prevalence
of mitral valve prolapse to be nearlyidentical to that seen in a control group without cardiovascula...
Mitral valve prolapse less common, less harmful than previously thought
... In addition to being thought to have a high prevalence
rate, MVP hasoften been portrayed as a disease with frequent and serious complications,including stroke, atrial fibrillation, heart failure. The researchers found thatthese complications did not occur at higher rates among patients withmitral-valve p...
Dartmouth researchers urge caution in communicating results to public
...ine. It is equally important not to exaggeratethe prevalence
of such practice," they add. The confusion surrounding the results points to underlying problems in howmedical research results are communicated to the public. Misleadinginterpretations could have been avoided by reporting absolute event rates,prese...
Bacterial vaginosis seems to affect miscarriage in early pregnancy
...rmal discharge among women of childbearing age and prevalence
rates of between 13 and 31 per cent have been reported in pregnant women, say the authors. In their study they found that 24.6 per cent of women had bacterial vaginosis, but that there was no difference in the conception rate between these women and...
Advances in 'On the Spot' tests have huge public health implications
...lth doctors will not be able to ascertain the true prevalence
of diseases. He says that the greatest challenge of near patient testing will be to ensure that data is captured. Prof Borriello concludes that we should be optimistic that the technological development of near patient testing kits will bring great ...
Amputation rates are rising in elderly despite advances in treatment
...ntly escalating amputation rate tothe undiminished prevalence
of diabetes, which heightens risk for advancedvasc...mity bypass surgery and the ongoing decline in the prevalence
ofhypertension, ischemic heart disease and smoking. However, by the mid-1990s, even with the...
A leading cause of blindness may be controlled by simple course of oral
... As the study designers expected, at all sites the prevalence
of trachoma washighest in children-greater than 30 percent in children younger than 10 yearsold. Traditionally, children have been targeted for intervention, but anappreciable number of older individuals also tested positive for the bacterium. "A go...
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