Tag: "prevent" at medical news
Antibiotic Prophylaxis Could Help Prevent Respiratory Infections in the Critically Ill
..., investigate the use of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent
this type of infection happening. The authors found that if the most effective antibiotic prophylaxis was used, the numbers of respiratory tract infections fell by over two thirds and overall mortality was reduced in critically ill patients. Howeve...
Study Shows Child Health Plus Eases Access, But Some Barriers Remain
...as transportation, day care, and others continueto prevent
these children from receiving appropriate care.Nonetheless, nearly all of those interviewed reported beingsatisfied with the program. "Satisfaction with Child Health Plus was universally high," saidPollard Shone. "They like their doctors and they are...
Emerging Pathogens And Safety Of Fresh Produce Key Issues Facing Food IndustryAnd Scientists
... A presentationof ways to inactivate parasites and prevent
viruses from entering the foodsupply will conclude the symposium. "Resistance of Foodborne Pathogens to Antibiotics and Antimicrobials"(Session 74, June 24, 9 AM) will address rising antimicrobial resistance inpathogens, such as Campylobact...
Identification Of Brain Areas Could Help Eliminate Side Effects Of Pain Medication
... could block the pain, and this new molecule could prevent
the side effects." Specifically, Lydic and his team have discovered that this set of neurons may account for morphine's ability to decrease brain production of acetylcholine, a chemical known to be essential for normal rapid eye movement (REM) ...
Compound In Meat Prevents Diabetes, Study Suggests
...mon type of fat found in red meats and cheeses may prevent
diabetes, according to a research team from Purdue...id, a fatty acid known to scientists as "CLA," can prevent
the onset of diabetes in laboratory animals, at least in the short term. The researchers say CLA app...
V. Craig Jordan Will Present Results Of Raloxifene Breast Cancer Study At
American Society For Clinical Oncology Meeting
...of drugs such as raloxifene may also betargeted to prevent
osteoporosis and heart attacks in postmenopausal w...g originallydeveloped for birth control, seemed to prevent
the growth of mammary tumors inrodents. Tamoxifen subsequently was found to increase the survival of...
American Heart Association Comment: Tirofiban -- The Platelet Receptor Blocker
For Heart Attack
...mation, antiplatelet drugs like tirofiban can help prevent
a heart attack,"he says. One study looked at the ...d increasing physicalactivity. "The best way is to prevent
the blood clot in the first place," says Fuster, whowas one of the first scientists to show that blo...
National Office Of Drug Safety Is Needed, Experts Say In JAMA
...ty has the potential to savethousands of lives and prevent
tens of thousands of serious injuries each year." Furberg is a professor and chairman of the Department of Public HealthSciences at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center. He has beeninstrumental in raising questions about the safety o...
Study Leads To New Standard Of Care For Treating Unstable Angina: Heart-Attack
Risk Reduced By 47% With Use Of Tirofiban
...itional benefit topatients because tirofiban helps prevent
the development of plaque deposits byblocking the aggregation of platelets -- which is a precursor to clotdevelopment." In their two-year investigation of 1,915 patients with unstable anginaor non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (which represent...
Abstinence Reduces HIV For High-Risk Women - Even Those Who Relapse - Study
...ast, a perfect success rate without relapses would prevent
1 infectionin infants, prevent
78 infections in adults, and save $19.9 million in earningsand medical expenses. The rate of succes...
Educational Intervention Can Reduce Sexual Behaviors Known To Transmit HIV
...ccessful strategy toreduce high-risk behaviors and prevent
new HIV infections." The largest, randomized, controlled HIV behavioral intervention studyever conducted in the United States, the study enrolled 3,706 men and women in37 inner-city, community-based clinics. Those attending HIV prev...
Landmark Study Shows Behavioral Interventions Reduce HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behavior
...ducing high risk behaviors isstill the best way to prevent
new HIV infections. NIMH has identified aneffective strategy that could be adopted by public health and communityorganizations all across America. If these behavioral changes were maintainedfor even one year, there would be a profound, cost-effectiv...
Drug Combination Including New "Super Aspirin" Drug Cuts Risk Of Death Or Second
...alled "platelet IIb/ IIIareceptor blockers," which prevent
platelets from forming blood clots thatobstruct blood vessels and cause heart attacks. Through a different mechanism,aspirin has a much weaker effect on platelets. Lamifiban was used alone in varying doses and in combination withheparin, a b...
Study Finds St. John's Wort Can Cut Alcohol Consumption
...t any single"magic bullet" will be found that will prevent
or cure it, Rezvani said. Still,combining several effective compounds that alter brain chemistry safely probablycould lessen its severity in people motivated to change. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved St. John's wortfor...
OHSU Scientists Begin Human Trials Of A Drug Aimed At The Underlying Cause Of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
...ed upon two fundamental premises. First, you can't prevent
orcure cancer or leukemia unless you understand what makes these mutant cellsbehave in the way they do," explained Grover Bagby, M.D., director of the OregonCancer Center. "Second, cancer and leukemia cells behave in an abnormal waybecause the struct...
Powerful AIDS Drugs May Promote Heart Disease
PROVIDENCE, R.I.--Drug cocktails may prevent
early deaths from the HIV virus,but they also may contribute to a longer-term risk of heart disease. BrownUniversity researchers have confirmed two independent cardiovascular diseaserisk factors in some women: disfiguring extra fat around the torso a...
Drug Prevents Hearing Loss Caused By Brain Tumor Therapy
...of Neuwelt'spatients suggested that STS might help prevent
the hearingloss. The VA/OHSU team eventually confi... that sodium thiosulfate is the first drugshown to prevent
chemotherapy-induced hearing loss. These resultswith STS may prove useful in combating the hearing l...
Six Football Players Died In 1997 Season: New Study
...ls during which players don't wearhelmets can help prevent
heatstroke and reduce accidents, he said. Playersshould be allowed as much water as they want, and coaches should scheduleregular cooling-off breaks. "In the past three years, we have seen seven heatstroke deaths," Muellersaid. "That's troubl...
Immunosuppressive Treatment Is Important For Sufferers Of Rheumatoid Arthritis
...in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, not only to prevent
joint damage but possibly also to protect against lymphoma. Contact: Dr Eva Baecklund, Rheumatologist, Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden...
Studies Indicate An Effective Treatment For Steroid-Induced Osteoporosis
...the drug alendronate (marketed as Fosamax) mayhelp prevent
and treat steroid-induced osteoporosis. UI researc... Researchers already knew that alendronate could prevent
and treat postmenopausalosteoporosis and prevent
fractures, Saag noted, but the new study findings s...
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