Tag: "probes" at medical news
Forensic dentistry key in identifying victims of tsunamis, other disasters
...be a valuable source of DNA evidence, offering new probes
to solve unanswered questions and clarify unusual cases. Craniofacial reconstruction is another tool, offering important potential for victim identification. Conventional techniques for craniofacial reconstruction are usually based on manual modeling...
Mailman School of Public Health researchers develop infectious disease diagnostic tool
...g and detection of genetic polymorphisms. Genetic probes
for pathogens were coupled to markers known as mass codes. After amplification, incorporated mass codes were detected by mass spectroscopy allowing identification of the pathogen. According to Thomas Briese, PhD, associate director of the Greene I...
Rice's CNST awards Smalley/Curl funds for innovation
...afner will evaluate targeted nanorods as molecular probes
for reflectance confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography--two real-time, high-resolution optical imaging techniques. "These funds are very helpful, especially when one is starting a new research group and developing new approaches to curr...
Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease
...n and co-workers at Yale University used molecular probes
targeting a gene that is common in human and anima...heir findings the New Haven coronavirus, then used probes
specific for the virus to screen respiratory specimens from 895 symptomatic children under age 5 who...
Jefferson scientists find way to see breast cancer activity from outside the body
...o-workers contend that the strategy using genetic probes
to visualize sites of cancer gene activity can wo...enes in various types of tumors. "The radioactive probes
can help us identify the cancer cells at an early stage," says Dr. Thakur. "In this technology, we'v...
Ugandan study highlights best drug combinations for treating malaria in Africa
...s inaction, and other donors should expect similar probes
unless they act proactively. Much has been achieved in 2004; neither science nor policy can afford to let up." ...
Researchers develop neural prosthesis allowing a monkey to feed self using only its brain
...rcepts signals through electrodes attached to tiny probes
that tap into neuronal pathways in the motor cortex, a region of the brain responsible for voluntary movement. The neurons' collective activity is fed through an algorithm developed at the University of Pittsburgh and then sent to the arm to tell it ...
Long-sought key to hearing may be found in protein discovery
...l of the several dozen mouse TRP channels with RNA probes
to locate the ones expressed by hair cells of the mouse cochlea. TRPA1 looked most promising. Using antibodies to TRPA1, the team found that the channels were located at the tips of hair cell cilia. As attractive as the protein appeared, it had to pa...
Transvaginal ultrasound superior to transrectal ultrasound for staging rectal cancer in women
... easily performed with the conventional ultrasound probes
used for other gynecologic imaging. "The patients also prefer transvaginal ultrasound to transrectal ultrasound as it causes less discomfort," said Kavita Dhamanaskar, MD, the lead author of the study. According to Dr. Dhamanaskar, transrectal ultras...
Space solutions for health
...l in the world. It was originally used to insulate probes
sent to Mars and now lines the jackets commissioned for several Antarctic expeditions. Another example, the mechanics of McLaren's Formula 1 team all wear a thermo-regulating garment originally developed for astronaut's suits, while servicing the rac...
Future blood tests may use tiny bar-codes to speed disease diagnosis
...or's visit. The test is based on a set of chemical probes
that are used to tag disease markers. If one is tr...detect exposure to anthrax, for instance, a set of probes
is prepared that represents a unique molecular tag for anthrax-related DNA. One probe includes a mag...
Cooling helmets may provide innovative stroke treatment
...chers gauged brain temperature via tiny fiberoptic probes
inserted in the brain. These probes
are often used to monitor vital brain functions of stroke patients in intensive care. The patients ...
Carnegie Mellon uses AFM to discover effects of experimental drugs on Alzheimer's plaques
...rks at the Mellon College of Science. "Because AFM probes
the physical state of proteins, it could really assist in understanding conformational diseases, which traditionally have been difficult to fight," said Kowalewski. A hallmark of Alzheimer's Disease is the presence of insoluble plaques in the brains...
Mayo Clinic researchers discover genetic syndrome linked to inherited birth disorder
...ss this duplication. Use of FISH (fluorescent DNA) probes
is required. This discovery also is important because it provides evidence for a class of new genetic errors known as "genomic arrangement" as a precondition leading to disease. Most often the opposite kind of errors -- microdeletion -- is studied an...
Pet scans could provide insight into HIV-1 progression
...ments: "With the development of intraoperative PET probes
for individual node detection, the feasibility of excisional biopsy to study and remove foci of persistent infection should be investigated. Although many systemic sites from which latent virus could re-activate would be left, re-activation might not...
In 15 seconds, new test will ID presence of 25 most common mutations of cystic fibrosis
...ngle reaction, the PCR products are hybridized to probes
tethered onto small color-coded microspheres. Each microsphere is run through a laser beam that identifies the presence of a mutation. After hybridization, all ACOG 25 mutations are screened in 15 seconds. A benefit of this test is allowing laborator...
For determining protein structures, a new method boosts precision and speed in high-dimensional NMR
... of our new 'NMR-Ferraris' equipped with cryogenic probes
on the road." Szyperski developed the method with Seho Kim, Ph.D., formerly a postdoctoral fellow in Szyperski's lab, as a member of the Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium, (NESGC) one of nine National Institutes of Health-funded efforts to c...
Exploring the relationship between alcoholism and serotonin one step at a time
... serotonin," she said. "Earlier studies used drug probes
that are less specific; that is, the test of the serotonin transporter was not as clean." Fundamentally, noted McCaul, scientists still have much to learn about the brain and alcoholism. "We need to better understand what roles brain neurotransmitte...
OHSU receives $7.8 million NIH grant to develop first ultrasound to also deliver heart treatment
...of the first high frequency minaturized ultrasound probes
for imaging babies. Sahn hopes the ultrasound technology developed with this grant will be used for diagnosis and treatment of other conditions throughout the body for which a small probe for imaging and treatment might replace major surgery....
New procedure kills liver tumors without surgery
...ny holes -- the size of a snake-bite -- where wire probes
entered his skin and literally burned away the can... for heating larger tumors, and different types of probes
are selected depending on the type of thermal zone required to treat the tumor. "The tissue that's ...
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