Tag: "process" at medical news

New Jersey Institute of Technology pioneers new way to teach engineers

...ng. "It is hands-on learning, and it shows you the process engineers go through when they're designing something. It's a much more active way to learn. You learn not because a professor tells you, or lectures you, about something. You learn because you find answers by trial and error, by experimenting." Foul...

'Sit-down' rounds improve outcomes for kidney dialysis patients

... of a small study within CHOICE on dialysis clinic process measures and quality of care, called the EQUAL (ESRD Quality) Study, the researchers surveyed medical directors or head nurses at the clinics on how they did medical rounds. Thirty-five clinics (47 percent) reported no sit-down rounds, while 31 (41 p...

Policy-makers should enhance selection process for Presidential S&T appointments

...ould ensure that both the presidential appointment process for senior science and technology posts and the process of appointing experts to federal S&T advisory committees operate more quickly and transparently, say...

Cocaine addicts show reduced brain structure that underlies judgment

...n almond-shaped structure that is believed to help process the judgment of consequences. Hans Breiter and his colleagues wrote that the finding could not distinguish conclusively whether a smaller amygdala might predispose people to addiction or whether it was a result of the addiction. However, they said th...

Compound in apples may help fight Alzheimer's disease

... cells against oxidative stress, a tissue-damaging process associated with Alzheimers and other neurodegenerative disorders, according to a new study in rat brain cells conducted by researchers at Cornell University in New York. The study adds strength to the theory bolstered by recent animal studies that ...

Chemoprevention backgrounder: Working for a future of cancer chemoprevention

...s that push a cell to become cancerous before that process can be stalled or reversed. Still, more and more o...art attack with medication, we want to control the process of cancer development with drugs and supplements," says Hong, who is credited as a national pioneer ...

Brain inflammation found in autism

...ammation in the brain. "This ongoing inflammatory process was present in different areas of the brain and pr...epresents the brain's efforts to combat some other process damaging to brain cells. "These findings open new possibilities for understanding the dynamic change...

Brain's immune system triggered in autism

... autism showed evidence of an ongoing inflammatory process in different regions of the brain and produced by cells known as microglia and astroglia, says Pardo. Cytokine and chemokine levels in the cerebrospinal fluid also were abnormally elevated in patients with autism. "These findings suggest that ...

Alcoholics can have deficits in visuoperception and frontal executive function despite sobriety

...dividuals that is, controls are able to invoke a process referred to as 'perceptual closure,' meaning the ability to imagine or fill in parts of the picture that are not actually drawn. The learning component comes into play when these drawings are shown to the subject again after a delay. If after an in...

Satellite view highlights Europe's changing landscape

...atellite data. "From ESA's side we view this as a process which is more pulled by the users than pushed by technology. There is almost no end to the possibilities within the technology, so we focus on first developing services in the fields with the greatest demand", says Oliver Arino of ESA's Earth Observa...

Study shows high-dose vitamin E supplements may increase risk of dying

... data for these trials was re-evaluated, through a process called a meta-analysis, nine of 11 trials involving high-dose vitamin E (400 IU per day, or more) showed an increased risk of death. The other eight trials involved low-dose vitamin E users. It was unclear whether low amounts (200 IU per day or less...

Drug-eluting stents adopted quickly, with early disparities

...rate of treated arteries becoming blocked again, a process known as restenosis. In an attempt to improve stents to keep treated arteries open, stent manufacturers coated them with a chemotherapeutic agent that limits the formation of scar tissue inside the artery. So far, clinical trials have shown that thes...

Following heart care guidelines saves lives

...elines. Each hospital was characterized as either: process worsening, no improvement, modest improvement or large improvement. Altogether, adherence to the guidelines by the hospitals in the study improved from 67.9 percent to 77.3 percent during the study period. Over the course of analysis, the ho...

USF neuroscientists awarded $1.1 million NIH grant to improve Alzheimer's vaccine

...icroglia, promote the inflammatory and destructive process that can lead to Alzheimer's disease. The USF researchers demonstrated that once a specific molecule on the surface of microglia, CD40, gets activated by its partner, CD40 ligand, the scene is set for microglial injury to the main cells in the br...

Stem cell therapy effectively treats heart attacks in animals

...e came from Osiris Therapeutics, which developed a process for preparing mesenchymal stem cells and provided both funding and the lines of adult stem cells used for each animal involved in the study. Injection catheters were provided by Biocardia Inc. Other investigators in this research, conducted solely a...

St. Jude scientist to lead NCI Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program

...ical testing makes a rational agent-prioritization process essential for future progress in developing effective new childhood cancer treatments. Without correct prioritization of agents, clinical scientists will have little chance of discovering active treatments in the limited number of clinical trials tha...

Study pinpoints schizophrenia brain glitch

...e errors and took about 200 milliseconds longer to process the images. More significantly, they showed no evidence of gamma activity "phase-locked" to the pressing of the button, which would have indicated that the brain was normally processing the visual perception guiding their response. "What some of the...

Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair shows favorable preliminary results

...ched, the delivery catheter is removed. The entire process is monitored by an echocardiogram. The hospital stay has generally been two nights; and most patients returned to normal activity within one week. Other investigators contributing to this study are Ted Feldman, MD, Evanston Northwestern Healthcare Sy...

Air pollution may cause and speed up artery disease

...ase, but it was not clear how early in the disease process air pollution contributes. Our study found that a...s atherosclerosis, which is the underlying disease process of cardiovascular diseases," said study author Nino Kuenzli, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor, divis...

Coronary stents do not improve long-term survival

... prevent the artery from becoming blocked again, a process known as restenosis. These blockages, caused by atherosclerotic plaque, can starve the heart of oxygen-rich blood and lead to a heart attack. Duke cardiologist David Kandzari, M.D., who presented the results of the Duke analysis Nov.7, 2004, at the A...

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