Tag: "prophylaxis" at medical news
Antimicrobials to prevent infection in major surgery are used properly only about half the time
...nstrated since, the authors report. "Antimicrobial prophylaxis
(preventive treatment) to prevent SSI is one of th...e. "In addition, 59.3 percent of patients received prophylaxis
for more than 24 hours after the end of surgery." There is evidence that use of new, broad spectrum ...
Treatment for brain tumor does not always follow recommendations
...nvestigation in this population, including heparin prophylaxis
for venous thromboembolism, antidepressant medication, corticosteroid dosing, and use of surgical adjuncts. Variations in patterns of care were associated with differences in survival; establishing further practice guidelines may help reduce this var...
Some US soldiers returning from Afghanistan should be screened for malaria
...ion of insect repellent. "A major cause of malaria prophylaxis
failure is patient nonadherence to prescribed trea...continuous education about the need to comply with prophylaxis
medications and having leaders directly observe therapy and enforce personal protective measures may...
African children with HIV would benefit from daily doses of cheap antibiotic
...ction in Africa: all should receive co-trimoxazole prophylaxis
irrespective of age and CD4 count. Since antiretro...petus to provide clinical care with co-trimoxazole prophylaxis
and nutritional support, irrespective of levels of resistance to this drug."...
Prescriptions for antibiotics to prevent anthrax uncommon after the 2001 anthrax attacks
...rescription of antibiotics appropriate for anthrax prophylaxis
(i.e., ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, or amoxicillin) was most highly associated with patient requests, followed by report of potential exposure and abnormal findings on physical examination."...
Vaccine reduces racial disparity in incidence of childhood pneumonia and meningitis
...e vaccine. "For the immediate future, pneumococcal prophylaxis
for nonelderly high-risk adults can continue to rest principally on herd immunity conveyed by infants receiving [7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine] in ever greater numbers. Alternatively, those adults and their clinicians can be challenged to ...
Targeted antiviral prophylaxis of flu case contacts could successfully contain pandemic influenza
...death rate of 0.58 per 1,000 people. If antiviral prophylaxis
was given to close contacts of 80% of suspected influenza cases, however, in a strategy that the authors call "targeted antiviral prophylaxis" (TAP), the epidemic could be contained. If TAP were begun within one day of identifying suspected flu case...
Researchers add new drug prophylactic option against flu
...iviral drug oseltamivir, post-exposure oseltamivir prophylaxis
of all other family members significantly reduced ...se households, the contacts received post-exposure prophylaxis
with once daily oseltamivir for 10 days; in the other half, the household contacts received treatmen...
Blood clot risk not treated preventively, study finds
...hile in the hospital, 42 percent failed to receive prophylaxis
within 30 days prior to diagnosis, the team reported. Furthermore, said Tapson, physicians often treated patients diagnosed with DVT with unfractionated heparin rather than low molecular weight heparin, despite clear advantages of the latter...
Incidence of pertussis among infants appears to be increasing
...ch as trying to reduce infant exposure or increase prophylaxis
through educational efforts, and vaccine strategies, such as accelerated vaccination of infants through changes in the recommended schedule of current pertussis vaccines or the development of improved vaccines," they write.(JAMA. 2003;290:2968-2975....
The evolving management of migraine
...sts of taking medication when the migraine starts; prophylaxis
(preventive) therapy is aimed at taking medication daily to prevent migraine altogether," he explained. "Migraine preventive therapy is grossly underused." The focus of prevention, according to Dr. Silberstein, is to reduce attack frequency and sev...
The pros and cons of HIV testing in less-developed countries
...not necessary to test womenfor HIV before offering prophylaxis
with single-dose nevirapine. The authorspropose several circumstances where perinatal nevirapine should be offeredto women of unknown HIV serostatus. Dr Stringer concludes: "The primary purpose of MTCT-prevention services isthe prevention of AIDS in...
SLU professor wins CDC grant to combat emerging infections, including West Nile
...en detection systems and innovative approaches for prophylaxis
and treatment. These awards are part of HHS efforts to build and sustain a robust and long-term program for biodefense research. "The department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is committed to supporting extramural research in biodefense and em...
Antiretrovirals reduce mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission when started after childbirth
...icacy of 36%). Taha E Taha comments: "Postexposure prophylaxis
could be a way of reaching babies of women who missed opportunities to be counselled and tested before or during pregnancy. The combined regimen of nevirapine and zidovudine that we studied is easy to implement and might be a candidate for wider use ...
Antiretroviral therapy after birth decreases mother-to-child HIV transmission
...to mothers during pregnancy. "Short post-exposure prophylaxis
in newborn babies to reduce mother-to-child transm...is study, we've shown that exposure after birth to prophylaxis
with nevirapine and AZT can reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV." The researchers studied bab...
UCSF begins study testing antiviral drug tenofovir to prevent HIV infection
...roviral drug tenofovir as a potential pre-exposure prophylaxis
in Cambodia among high-risk, HIV-uninfected women. The research will look at safety and effectiveness of the drug in preventing the acquisition of HIV. "With both a vaccine and a microbicide many years down the road, we are hoping that this once-a-d...
Further evidence for effectiveness of nevirapine in reducing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
...et again. Suboptimum single-agent and double-agent prophylaxis
protocols no longer have a justifiable place in the front lines of the global struggle against HIV/AIDS. It is up to all of us to focus on development of equitable distribution and effective use of these agents now. Once they are widely available, it...
Many oncologists unaware of cancer clot risk
...radiotherapy. A total of 19 oncologists never used prophylaxis
for venous thromboembolism. The good response rate...f England, say the authors. National guidelines on prophylaxis
for venous thromboembolism during cancer treatment are needed, they conclude....
Dental procedure may reduce risk of premature birth
...ized study compared three treatment groups: dental prophylaxis
plus placebo, scaling and root planing plus placebo, and scaling and root planing plus metronidazole to determine if periodontitis treatment reduces the risk of spontaneous preterm birth in pregnant women. Study participants were recruited from a la...
Results of first chronic treatment study with oral EXANTA(TM) (ximelagatran)
...iewed as the standard treatment in the USA for VTE prophylaxis
following total knee replacement surgery. There were no statistically significant differences in incidence of major or any (major and/or minor) bleeding, perioperative indicators of bleeding, or wound drainage or appearance between the two groups in ...